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Chapter 5 Greek Civilization. Section 1 The Culture of Ancient Greece. Greek Mythology (Pgs. 155 – 156). The Greeks believed that gods and goddesses controlled nature and shaped their lives. Myths are traditional stories about gods and heroes.

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chapter 5 greek civilization

Chapter 5 Greek Civilization

Section 1

The Culture of Ancient Greece

greek mythology pgs 155 156
Greek Mythology (Pgs. 155 – 156)

The Greeks believed that gods and goddesses controlled nature and shaped their lives.

Myths are traditional stories about gods and heroes.

Greek mythology expressed the Greek people’s religious beliefs.

greek gods and goddesses
Greek Gods and Goddesses

* The 12 most important gods and goddesses lived on Mount Olympus, the highest mountain in Greece.

what was a greek oracle
What Was a Greek Oracle?

The Greeks believed each person had a fate or destiny and certain events were going to happen no matter what

They also believed in prophecy, or prediction about the future.

Many Greeks visited an oracle, sacred shrine where priests and priestesses spoke for the gods.

The most famous was the oracle at the Temple of Apollo at Delphi (DEHL*fy).

greek poetry and fables
Greek Poetry and Fables

Greek poetry and fables taught Greek values and are the oldest stories in the Western world.

The earliest Greek stories were epics, long poems about heroic deeds.

The earliest Greek epics were

the Iliad and the Odyssey,

written by the poet Homer

during the 700s B.C.

He based them on stories of a

War Greece had with the city

of Troy (northwestern Turkey).

the iliad
The Iliad

A prince of Troy kidnaps the wife of the king of Sparta and the Greeks attack Troy.

The battle for Troy drags on for 10 years.

To finally take the city, the Greeks come up

with a plan to build a huge, hollow wooden

horse. They pretend to retreat, but actually hide inside the belly of the horse.

Thinking it was a gift/trophy of victory, the Tojans roll the giant horse into the city.

The Greek warriors climb from the horse and capture Troy.

the odyssey
The Odyssey

Tells the story of Greek hero Odysseus and his journey home after the Trojan War.

Odysseusfaces storms, witches, and giants before returning home to his wife.

Because it took Odysseus 10 years to get home, we use the word odyssey today to mean a long journey with many adventures.

who was aesop
Who Was Aesop?

A fable is a short tale that teaches a lesson

Aesop (EE*sahp)was a Greek slave made up many famous fables

In most of Aesop’s fables, animals talk and act like people, and the story ends with a message, or moral

One of Aesop’s best-known fables is “The Tortoise and the Hare”

greek drama tragedies and comedies
Greek Drama/Tragedies and Comedies

Drama is a story told by actors who pretend to be characters in a story

The Greeks performed plays in outdoor theatres and developed two types of dramas: comedies and tragedies

In a tragedy, a person struggles to overcome difficulties, but fails, and has an unhappy ending.

In a comedy, the drama has

a happy ending

slide10
The three best known writers of Greek tragedies were:

* The best known writer of Greek comedies was Aristophanes (ar*uh*STAH*fun*eez)

* Encouraged thinking, but also humorous because his plays often made fun of leading politicians and scholars

greek art and architecture
Greek Art and Architecture

Greek art and architecture expressed Greek ideas of beauty, reason, moderation, balance, and harmony

Greeks painted murals and pottery and also sculpted

Architecture is the art of designing building structures

The most important architecture were temples dedicated to a god

or goddess: best-known is the Parthenon, dedicated to Athena

The Greeks used three different

styles of columns in their

buildings: Ionic, Doric,

and Corinthian