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Early Greek Civilization. Geography, civilization, culture. I. The Impact of Geography. Greece consists of a mountainous peninsula and numerous islands. The mountains and seas were the most important geographical influences on Greece. I. Impact of Geography.

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Early greek civilization

Early Greek Civilization

Geography, civilization, culture

I the impact of geography
I. The Impact of Geography

  • Greece consists of a mountainous peninsula and numerous islands.

  • The mountains and seas were the most important geographical influences on Greece.

I impact of geography
I. Impact of Geography

  • The many mountain ranges caused small, independent communities to develop different ways of life.

I the impact of geography1
I. The Impact of Geography

  • Greece has many ports, inlets, and islands.

  • The Greeks became seafarers.

  • They sailed into the Aegean, the Black, and the Mediterranean Seas.

  • They made contact with the outside world and set up colonies and trade throughout the Mediterranean area.

Ii the minoan civilization
II. The Minoan Civilization

  • By 2800 B.C., a Bronze Age civilization called the Minoan civilization was established on Crete.

Ii the minoan civilization1
II. The Minoan Civilization

  • Archaeologists discovered the remains of a rich trading culture based on the seafaring city of Knossos.

  • The Minoans sailed to southern Greece and Egypt for trade.

Ii the minoan civilization2
II. The Minoan Civilization

  • The elaborate palace at Knossos contained many brightly colored living rooms, workshops, ivory figurines, jewelry, and bathrooms with drains.

Ii the minoan civilization3
II. The Minoan Civilization

  • The Minoan civilization on Crete suffered a catastrophe around 1450 B.C.

  • Some historians believe that a tidal wave caused by a volcanic eruption was the cause.

Ii the minoan civilization4
II. The Minoan Civilization

  • Others believe the civilization was destroyed by an invasion of mainland Greeks known as Mycenaeans.

Iii the first greek state mycenae
III. The First Greek State: Mycenae

  • The Mycenaeans had a warrior culture.

  • They also developed an extensive commercial network.

  • They conquered some of the Greek islands, perhaps even Crete.

Iv homer
IV. Homer

  • It was during the Greek Dark Age that the works of Homer, one of the world’s great poets appeared.

Iv homer1
IV. Homer

  • Homer’s two epic poems were the Illiadand the Odyssey.

  • An epic poem is a long poem that tells of a great hero’s deeds.

Iv homer2
IV. Homer

  • The Illiadtakes place during the Trojan War.

  • Paris, a Trojan prince, kidnaps Helen, the wife of the king of Sparta.

  • The Mycenaean Greeks lay siege to Troy for ten years, finally taking the city with the famous Trojan horse.

Iv homer3
IV. Homer

  • The Odyssey tells of the Greek hero Odysseus’ ten year return to his home and family.