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Early Greek Civilization. Chapter 5 Sections 1 & 2. Minoan Civilization. (2000 BC – 1400 BC) Centered on the Isle of Crete Great trading power Eventually grew weak and were invaded by people from the Greek Mainland. Mycenaean Civilization.

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early greek civilization

Early Greek Civilization

Chapter 5 Sections 1 & 2

minoan civilization
Minoan Civilization
  • (2000 BC – 1400 BC)
  • Centered on the Isle of Crete
  • Great trading power
  • Eventually grew weak and were invaded by people from the Greek Mainland
mycenaean civilization
Mycenaean Civilization
  • Indo-Europeans invaded Greek Peninsula from the north
    • By 1400 BC had taken over Minoan Civ.
    • Great sea traders
    • Learned writing & other skills from the Minoans and other groups that they traded with
    • They passed on these influences to later Greeks
trojan war
Trojan War
  • In 1250 BC Mycenaeans attacked Troy
  • 10 yrs- Mycenaeans won & burned City of Troy to the ground
  • The Illiad & The Odyssey- epic poems by Homer
    • tell the story of the Trojan War
the dark age 1100 bc 800 bc
The Dark Age(1100 BC – 800 BC)
  • After the fall of Troy, Dorian invaders swarm into Greece
    • They had the advantage of iron weapons
    • Trade declines
    • People leave cities
    • Most artistic skills and writing were mostly forgotten
      • No written records exist for 1150bc to 750bc from this area
growth of city states
Growth of City-States
  • Physical barriers- Mountains and Water
    • Cities were independent from each other- no empire
    • Rivalry developed- led to many wars
  • Seas were vital link to the outside world
    • Great traders and sailors
    • Exchange of goods and ideas (Alphabet)
  • Governing City-States (chart pg 128)
    • Monarchy- King
    • Aristocracy- power shifting to landowners
    • Oligarchy- power shifting to a business class
powerful city states
Powerful City-States
  • Two most powerful were Athens and Sparta
  • Athens:
    • Developed a Direct Democracy
    • Valued arts, literature, intellectual pursuits
    • Believed in training and developing the body
    • Women- few rights
  • Sparta:
    • Developed a military state
    • Valued duty, strength, and discipline
    • Taught youth to put service to Sparta above all else
    • Women- had considerable freedom
persian wars
Persian Wars
  • Ionian Greeks rebelled against Persians (Darius I)
    • Battle of Marathon 490bc
      • Athenians win (Themistocles- leader)
    • Renewed Attacks- 480bc- by Xerxes (Darius son)
      • Athens and Sparta were defeated by the Persians
        • Persians burn Athens
        • Athenians now destroy the Persian navy- then defeat Persians on land in Asia Minor- end of Persian invasions
  • Results
    • Increased Greek sense of uniqueness
    • Athens emerges as most powerful city-state in Greece
    • Delian League formed