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Etymology Unit Roots. Week 1. Why should we know the roots of English?. art - are bequeath (one of my personal favorites) - To give or leave by will; to hand down. beseech - request, ask. besought – asked, made request. (past tense of beseech) betwixt – between. canst - can.

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why should we know the roots of english
Why should we know the roots of English?

art - are

bequeath (one of my personal favorites) - To give or leave by will; to hand down.

beseech - request, ask.

besought – asked, made request. (past tense of beseech)

betwixt – between.

canst - can.

cometh – comes, or coming.

dearth - (durth) scarcity or scant supply of anything; want or lack.

dost - do, does.

breaking it down
Breaking it down…

Dandelion=dent de lion

For instance, we know that sophomores are students in their second year of college or high school. What does it mean, though, to be sophomoric? The "sopho" part of the word comes from the same Greek root that gives us philosophy, which we know means "love of knowledge." The "ic" ending is sometimes added to adjectival words in English, but the "more" part of the word comes from the same Greek root that gives us moron. Thus sophomores are people who think they know a lot but really don't know much about anything, and a sophomoric act is typical of a "wise fool."

where is english derived
Where is English derived?

The short answer is Latin. However,

And because most of our words are Latin based, many of our words are closely familiar to Spanish as well!

this week s roots
This week’s roots:

CENTR, CENTRI

CHROME

AUC, AUG, AUT

ASTER, ASTR

ARCH

Be sure to write down the definition of each of these on your chart AND list three examples of how to use each.

centr centri

CENTR, CENTRI

WHAT WORDS COME TO MIND

WHEN YOU SEE THIS ROOT?

centr centri1
CENTR, CENTRI
  • DEFINITION:

center

POSSIBLE WORDS:

Eccentricity, centrifugal, concentric, eccentric

chrome

CHROME

WHAT WORDS COME TO MIND

WHEN YOU SEE THIS ROOT?

chrome1
CHROME

Definition:

color

Possible words:

Chromosome, polychrome, chromatic

auc aug aut

AUC, AUG, AUT

WHAT WORDS COME TO MIND WHEN YOU SEE THIS ROOT?

auc aug aut1
AUC, AUG, AUT
  • DEFINITION:

To originate, to increase

POSSIBLE WORDS:

Augment, author, auction

aster astr

ASTER, ASTR

WHAT WORDS COME TO MIND

WHEN YOU SEE THIS ROOT?

aster astr1
ASTER, ASTR
  • DEFINITION:

star

POSSIBLE WORDS:

asterisk, asteroid, astronomy, astronaut

slide15

ARCH

WHAT WORDS COME TO MIND

WHEN YOU SEE THIS ROOT?

slide16
ARCH
  • DEFINITION:
  • Chief, first, rule
  • Possible words:
  • Archangel, architect, archaic, monarchy
quiz on friday

Quiz on Friday!

Be sure to study each part of your study guide!