Knight Knotes Manor Workers Role of a Knight Code of Chivalry Stages of Knighthood Heraldry
Workers on the Manor • A Manorwas a large estate that included farm fields, pastures and a village. Everything the manor needed was produced in the area. This made many manors self-sufficient. • There were two groups of peasant workers on the manor: 1. Freemen/Villeins- skilled workers who paid rent and could leave the manor whenever they wished. (They usually had a skill needed by others on the manor.) 2. Serfs– peasant workers bound to the land by contract with the nobles. (They had no freedom - they where the noble’s property.)
Role of a Knight • Most important members of the Feudal army. • Main occupation was fighting for his lord • Served his lord on the manor • Defended Christianity when called upon (The Crusades)
Code of Chivalry • Knight would take an oath to obey an honored set of rules. These rules included: • Emphasis on courage, loyalty and devotion to duty. • Courtesy (Chivalry) toward and the defense of women. • Protection of the poor, weak and needy. • Help out people that work their manors (fiefs).
Stages of Knighthood • Page: (Age 7 on) Learns to ride a horse, learns manners, dance and music from the Lady of the Manor, and religious instruction. • Squire:(Age 12-13)Assisted the knights, became the Lord’s devoted attendant, took care of the Armor and weapons, became skilled in their use and helped in tournaments. • Knight: (When Qualified) Usually Knighted by a King. Sometimes the ceremony would take place after a battle on the battlefield after a particularly brave act.
Heraldry (Coat of Arms) • A coat of arms was carried into battle on shields or a banner. • It was used as identification during battle because almost nobody in the Middle Ages could read.
Coat of Arms Assignment • You will be given a blank shield template to design your own Coat of Arms that reflects your history and personality. ** Remember, this is a MIDDLE AGES Coat of Arms, not modern.** • Your shield can have 3,4 or 5 sections of equal area like the ones written on the board. • You must have: 1. Your mark of Cadency 2. A lion that reflects your personality 3. Other symbols depending on how many sections your shield has. • Use the examples provided to reflect your personality, characteristics and other things that describe you or your family. • Full color pictures and symbols are required. The entire shield should be color. • Total Points = 25
Quick Reading Assignment • Turn to page 148 in your Medieval Times book. We will take turns reading the story of Arthur, Merlin, Pellinore and Excalibur. • In your journal, RAP the answers to questions 1a, 1b, 2a and 2b on page 151.