Madison climate protection plan
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MADISON CLIMATE PROTECTION PLAN. GREENHOUSE GAS REDUCTION STRATEGIES. Jayne Somers March 2001. Cities for Climate Protection Campaign Project Description. Funding: Grant from the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI)

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Madison climate protection plan l.jpg

MADISON CLIMATE PROTECTION PLAN

GREENHOUSE GAS REDUCTION STRATEGIES

Jayne Somers

March 2001


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Cities for Climate Protection Campaign Project Description

  • Funding: Grant from the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI)

  • Final Plan approved by Common Council September 19, 2000

  • Carbon dioxide and methane

  • Community as well as City government


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Steps in Plan Development

  • Analyze Madison’s Greenhouse Gas Sources

  • Forecast Future Emissions

  • Establish Realistic Reduction Target

  • Develop Implementation Plan


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Why Are Greenhouse Gases A Concern in Wisconsin?

  • Temperature Increase (~4F)

  • Heat Wave Increase

  • Air Conditioner Use and Power Plant Air Pollution Emissions Increase

  • Ground-level Ozone Increase

  • Precipitation Increase (15-20%)

  • More Short Intense Rain Storms Causing Flooding

  • Extent & Density of Forest Decreased (1-75%)


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Benefits of Reducing Fossil Fuel Use

  • Save Money

  • Create Jobs/Local Economic Development

  • Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions

  • Reduce All Types of Air Pollution

  • Improve Energy Quality - Clean Renewable Sources

  • Reduce Traffic Congestion

  • Improve Quality of Life


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AIR IMPACTS FROM FOSSIL FUEL COMBUSTION

  • VOC’s and NOx - Ozone

  • PM - Smog

  • SO2 - Acid Rain

  • Toxics (Mercury)

  • CO2 - Climate Change


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Madison Greenhouse Gas Emissions (tons CO2)

  • 1990 2010Growth

  • Energy 2,984,220 4,303,691 30.6%

  • Transportation 621,397 782,960 26%

  • Waste 31,489 40,936 30%

  • Landfills 84,863 84,863 0%

  • Airport 75,712 75,712 ?

  • Total 3,797,680 5,288,162 29%

  • Per Capita 19.9 22.0


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Break-out of Madison’s 1990 GHG Emissions by Sector

  • Energy Use ~78% Residential ~20% Commercial ~48% Industrial ~10%

  • Transportation ~19%

  • Solid Waste and Landfills ~3%

  • 1 gallon of gasoline = 20 lbs. CO2


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1990 Comparison of Greenhouse Gas Emissions

  • Pop. Tons CO2Per Capita

  • Ann Arbor, MI 109,592 1,694,293 15.5

  • Overland Park, KS 138,171 2,280,000 16.5

  • Schenectedy Co.,NY 149,285 1,832,676 12.3

  • Chula Vista, CA 168,000 1,214,000 7.2

  • Madison, WI 190,766 3,600,596 19.9

  • Tuscon, AZ 405,390 9,527,394 23.5

  • Twin Cities, MN 638,715 14,000,000 22.3


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1996 Electricity Coefficients

  • Tons CO2/mmBtu

  • Vermont 0.0003

  • Maine 0.0292

  • Wisconsin 0.2604

  • Indiana 0.3338

  • Utah 0.3391


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1999 MadisonElectric Utility Generation Mix

  • MG&E Alliant

  • Coal & Natural Gas 65.2% 53.6%

  • Nuclear 25.6% 11.9%

  • Hydroelectric 0.0% 1.8%

  • Waste-to-Energy 0.5% 1.0%

  • Wind 0.4% 2.2%

  • Purchased Power 8.2% 29.5%


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Obstacles to Plan Approval and Implementation

  • No funding

  • No coordinated environmental department

  • Many measures already in place

  • State not on board yet


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Bicycle Programs

Bus System

RideShare (vanpools)

AFV Fleet Vehicles

Wind Power

Recycling

Composting

Landfill and Sewage Plant Gas Utilization

Building Audits

Existing Green Measures in Madison


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Key Factors for Plan Approval

  • Grant from ICLEI

  • Formation of Environmental Action Team

  • Alderperson “champion”

  • Mayor and City Council Support

  • No fiscal note on resolution

  • Progressive community


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Implementation

  • Environmental Manager assigned 1/2 time

  • Utility and environmental group support

  • Some programs already starting!


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Emphasis of Plan

  • Energy (Building retrofits and utility programs)

  • Transportation (Green Fleet & Clean Cities programs)

  • Waste Reduction (Ecoteams)

  • Trees (CityGreen)

  • Education and Outreach (Earth Day)

  • City Policies (TIF, Parking)

  • Applying for Grants (green bldgs., cleaner transport.)


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Local Programs and Contacts

  • Climate Protection Plan Email: [email protected] www.ci.madison.wi.us/environment/default.htm

  • Sustainable Lifestyle Campaign Eco-Teams Email: [email protected] www.ecoteams.net/madison/

  • SustainDane www.sustaindane.org


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