Civil War Battles Part Two of Three Standard 4.3 E.Q. How did these battles give both sides an advantage on the other?
Confederate did a Surprise attack on Grant. • Would result in a tie. • Would teach both sides to send out scouts and fortify/dig trenches. • Would stretch confederate resources and 200 miles of the Mississippi River. Battle of Shiloh (April 6 – 7, 1862)
Replaced McDowell with McClellan. • Served in the Mexican War; well liked by his soldiers • Transformed a collection of raw recruits and disgruntled veterans into a well oiled machine. General George B. McClellan
Opposed secession, but would support the Southern states: from where? • Virginia • Would change the defensive strategy of the south to a more offensive strategy. General Robert E. Lee
Bloodiest single day battle in U.S. History • About 2,100 Unions soldiers and 2,700 Confederate died. • Another 18,500 equally divided were wounded. Antietam (April 25 – May 1, 1862)
Though a tie for victory….. • The battle was a strategic defeat for the Confederacy • Turning point in the war; kept Lee from directly threatening the northern industry and financial institutions. Antietam
Surprised the Union with Lee attacking in the front while Stonewall Jackson outflanked the Union on the right. • Win for the Confederate States but…. • Lost Stonewall Jackson, big lost. Battle of Chancellorsville (April 30 – May 6, 1863)