Major Civil War Battles. Attack on Fort Sumter – SC (1861). “First Shots” of the Civil War After Fort Sumter fell: -Lincoln called for volunteers for the army and Northerners rushed to sign up -Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee seceded from the Union (now 11 states in the CSA).
“First Shots” of the Civil War
After Fort Sumter fell:
-Lincoln called for volunteers for the army and Northerners rushed to sign up
-Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee seceded from the Union (now 11 states in the CSA)
“First Battle” of the Civil War
People thought the war would be “a picnic”
Troops on both sides were inexperienced – Why?
Union troops retreated
(Lincoln asks 500,000 more men to enlist for next battle)
1.) Cut off trade by blockading southern ports.
2.) Cut the Confederacy in TWO by taking control of Mississippi River
3.) Capture the Confederate Capital at Richmond, VA
U.S. General Grant captured the fort and gained control of:
(access to Mississippi River)
Wanted to gain control of the Mississippi River
Union army advancing toward Richmond, VA
Battle was a standoff – but the CSA retreated
26,000 casualties (bloodiest single-day battle in American history)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q8N2O9LRt14 Link to audio of Emancipation Proclamation
Follow along with the Emancipation Proclamation as it is being read out loud.
Are all slaves being freed? What is Lincoln’s larger purpose for this document?
“THE VOICE OF WAR has long been heard and the literature of war is almost as old as organized warfare itself. The vision of war proved more difficult to fix …”.
- Keegan, John
CSA wants supplies
23,000 USA casualties
28,000 CSA casualties
the bloodiest battle of the Civil War
“Four score and seven years ago (87)….”
General Grant wanted control of the Mississippi River
What is a siege?
General Grant attacked Petersburg because it was a railroad center.
USA - 65,000 casualties
Gen. Sherman (USA) marched his troops through Georgia and destroyed everything in his way
He used tactics of