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Major Civil War Battles. Attack on Fort Sumter – SC (1861). “First Shots” of the Civil War After Fort Sumter fell: -Lincoln called for volunteers for the army and Northerners rushed to sign up -Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee seceded from the Union (now 11 states in the CSA).

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attack on fort sumter sc 1861
Attack on Fort Sumter – SC (1861)

“First Shots” of the Civil War

After Fort Sumter fell:

-Lincoln called for volunteers for the army and Northerners rushed to sign up

-Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee seceded from the Union (now 11 states in the CSA)

battle of bull run va 1861
Battle of Bull Run – VA (1861)

“First Battle” of the Civil War

People thought the war would be “a picnic”

Troops on both sides were inexperienced – Why?

Union troops retreated

(Lincoln asks 500,000 more men to enlist for next battle)

slide4

Remember the Anaconda Plan…

1.) Cut off trade by blockading southern ports.

2.) Cut the Confederacy in TWO by taking control of Mississippi River

3.) Capture the Confederate Capital at Richmond, VA

attack on fort donelson tn 1862
Attack on Fort Donelson - TN (1862)

U.S. General Grant captured the fort and gained control of:

Tennessee River

Cumberland River

(access to Mississippi River)

battle of shiloh tn 1862
Battle of Shiloh – TN (1862)

General Grant

Wanted to gain control of the Mississippi River

25,000 casualties

Confederates retreated

battle of antietam md 1862
Battle of Antietam – MD (1862)

Union army advancing toward Richmond, VA

Battle was a standoff – but the CSA retreated

26,000 casualties (bloodiest single-day battle in American history)

emancipation proclamation 1863
Emancipation Proclamation (1863)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q8N2O9LRt14 Link to audio of Emancipation Proclamation

Follow along with the Emancipation Proclamation as it is being read out loud.

Are all slaves being freed? What is Lincoln’s larger purpose for this document?

slide13

“THE VOICE OF WAR has long been heard and the literature of war is almost as old as organized warfare itself. The vision of war proved more difficult to fix …”.

- Keegan, John

battle of gettysburg pa 1863
Battle of Gettysburg – PA (1863)

CSA wants supplies

3-day battle

CSA defeated

23,000 USA casualties

28,000 CSA casualties

the bloodiest battle of the Civil War

“Gettysburg Address”

gettysburg address 1863
Gettysburg Address (1863)

“Four score and seven years ago (87)….”

siege of vicksburg ms 1863
Siege of Vicksburg – MS (1863)

General Grant wanted control of the Mississippi River

What is a siege?

CSA surrendered

siege of petersburg va 1864
Siege of Petersburg – VA (1864)

General Grant attacked Petersburg because it was a railroad center.

Why?

USA - 65,000 casualties

Standoff

sherman s march to sea ga 1864
Sherman’s March to Sea – GA (1864)

Gen. Sherman (USA) marched his troops through Georgia and destroyed everything in his way

He used tactics of

TOTAL WAR