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Drug Categories. Stimulants Depressants Hallucinogens Opiates Inhalants. Drug Categories. There are 5 categories of drugs: Stimulants Depressants Hallucinogens Opiates Inhalants They are placed into a category based on chemical ingredients and effects on the users CNS.

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drug categories

Drug Categories






drug categories1
Drug Categories

There are 5 categories of drugs:

  • Stimulants
  • Depressants
  • Hallucinogens
  • Opiates
  • Inhalants

They are placed into a category based on chemical ingredients and effects on the users CNS.

cns stimulants
CNS Stimulants
  • Drugs that temporarily increase alertness and wakefulness

Side Effects:

  • Cheerfulness
  • Talkative
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Sleep Difficulty
  • Frequent Urination
  • Severe Withdrawal
cns stimulants1
CNS Stimulants

Examples of Stimulant Drugs:

  • Cocaine/Crack
  • Caffeine
  • Diet Pills
  • Ritalin
  • Adderall
  • Energy Drinks
cns stimulants teens
CNS Stimulants & Teens
  • Cocaine users spend their lives chasing the high they got the 1st time
  • Energy drinks are often abused by teens and cause similar effects
  • Stimulants in high amounts can cause heart palpitations or irregular beats, leading to cardiac arrest
cns depressants
CNS Depressants
  • Highly addictive drugs that slow down the CNS and heart

Side Effects:

  • Lethargy or sleepiness
  • Excessive Sleeping
  • Lack of Concentration
  • Quick Addiction
  • Strong Withdrawal Symptoms
cns depressants1
CNS Depressants

Examples of Depressant Drugs:

  • Alcohol
  • Sedatives
  • Sleep aids
  • Rohypnol

(date rape)

cns depressants teens
CNS Depressants & Teens
  • 40-50% of traffic fatalities are alcohol related!
  • Mixing depressants with other medications or drugs can be fatal
  • Withdrawal from some depressants can be fatal and requires medical supervision
  • Drugs that are meant to distort a person’s senses and alter their perception of reality

Side Effects:

  • Psychological Effects and Hallucinations
  • Brain Damage
  • Difficulty Concentrating
  • Violent Reactions

Examples of Hallucinogens:

  • LSD
  • Crystal Meth
  • Ecstasy
  • Shrooms
  • Users can permanently remain in that distorted sense of reality after just one use
  • Flash backs can occur years after use has stopped
  • Users can inflict violence on self and others
  • Narcotic drugs that are taken to relieve or control pain

Side Effects:

  • Euphoria
  • Drowsiness
  • Lack of pain/problems
  • Lack of attention
  • Lack of appetite

Examples of Opiates:

  • Heroin
  • Morphine
  • Vicodin
  • Tylenol
  • Users develop a quick addiction because their emotional problems are also relaxed
  • Often used at “pharm parties” as pills to mix with other drugs or alcohol
  • Drugs administered by breathing in vapors of chemical solvents

Side Effects:

  • Drowsiness
  • Impaired judgment
  • Nosebleeds/sores
  • Dizziness
  • Feeling Intoxicated
  • Flu-like Symptoms

Examples of Inhalants:

  • Aerosol cans
  • Glue
  • Paint Thinner
  • Anything with

Toxic Fumes

inhalants teens
Inhalants & Teens
  • Although overall drug use in teens is decreasing, use of inhalants is increasing
  • Teens think it is harmless and try it even if they wouldn’t normally try drugs.