Chapter 22. Section 1 – Expanding Horizons. Isolationism. Not being involved in foreign affairs. Expansionism. Expanding to neighboring territories. President Millard Fillmore. President in 1853 – sent Mathew Perry to Japan. Mathew Perry.
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Chapter 22 Section 1 – Expanding Horizons
Isolationism • Not being involved in foreign affairs
Expansionism • Expanding to neighboring territories
President Millard Fillmore • President in 1853 – sent Mathew Perry to Japan
Mathew Perry • Asked the Japan to begin trading goods with the U.S.
What had happened? • The fleet of war ships scared them • They signed a treaty
Treaty of Kanagawa • Japan opens ports to American Ships • We began moving west
Imperialism • When European nations got bigger by taking over smaller regions
William H. Seward • Wanted an American Empire to control the Caribbean, Central America, and the Pacific Ocean
The Purchase of Alaska • Became a state in 1912 • Purchased for around a dollar an acre • Seward bought it from Russia for 7.2 million
Seward’s Foley • He was made fun of because he bought a piece of ice • We discovered gold, oil and other natural resources there
Josiah Strong • Wanted to spread Christianity to nations close by making them civilized
Monroe Doctrine • Warned European Nations not to try and colonize land in Central and South America
America Expanded to Latin America • Our influence changed their economy - • How?
Pan American Union • An agreement between the U.S. and Latin America to share information with one another
Captain Alfred Mayer Mahan • Wanted to enlarge and improve the Navy • Thought that a strong navy would intimidate the world
Know your Naval • In 1883, ships were built out of steel for the first time • We had to have a base to refuel them
Do you know what’s in your Naval • In the beginning ships were wooden and used sails • Then they were steam powered • Some are nuclear
Section 2 • Imperialism in the Pacific • What does “imperialism” mean?
Question ?????? • Where is the Pacific Ocean?
Seward’s Plan • Slowly spread the U.S. in other regions by colonizing smaller regions
Midway Island • Two strategic islands in the Pacific Ocean that Seward wanted to add to the U.S. for ships to stop and re-fuel
Hawaiian Islands • 8 large islands in the Pacific Ocean • Were fisherman, and farmers of sugar cane and pineapples • There are no snakes there
King Kamehameha • The Hawaiian King that unified all the islands in Hawaii • He was born on the night that Haley’s Comet passed the earth
King Kalakaua • Gave the U.S. a naval base at Pearl Harbor • When we renewed our trade agreement with them
Hawaii becomes a the 50th State • Sugar planters couldn’t afford to pay the tariff on their sugar • So they agreed to become a U.S. territory • And soon, a state
Queen Liliuokalani • Was overthrown by American Sugar Planters • We had farms there • She took our power • So we took hers
Provisional • Temporary
Annexation • John Stevens arranged for us to win the revolt • Added Hawaii to the U.S.
Benjamin Harrison • Approved the annexation of Hawaii
Grover Cleveland • Withdrew the annexation of Hawaii because the Hawaiians didn’t want it • But… money talks and it happened anyway
Island of Samoa • The U.S. and Germany share the islands
Spheres of Influence • Areas where different countries have special powers
John Hay • Proposed an Open Door Policy with other Nations • Allowed any country in China to trade with other countries inside China’s Sphere of Influence
The Boxer Rebellion • Secret Chinese Martial Arts Society
Manchuria • Where the Russo-Japanese War was
President Theodore Roosevelt • Signed the Treaty of Portsmouth • Returned Korea to Japan • Only if they promised to stop expanding
Great White Fleet • Fleet of 16 white ships sent around the world to show everyone how powerful we were
Chapter 22 Section 3- Spanish American War
The Cuban Rebellion – Jose Marti • Led the Cuban Revolt against the Cuban Government
William McKinley • Wanted to settle the Cuban conflict peacefully
Remember the Maine • An American war ship anchored in Havana Harbor, that blew up “Mysteriously”
War in the Phillipeans • Site of the first battle of the Spanish American War • Spain owned the Philippines
George Dewey • Led the battle in the Philippians
Emilio Aguinaldo • Led the rebels • Fought to help the American soldiers
Philippine Island of Luzon • The main island in the Philippines
Santiago - Cuba • Cuban harbor in the southeast corner of Cuba
The Rough Riders • Led by Theodore Roosevelt • The Battle of San Juan Hill
Puerto Rico • We took it after we left Cuba • We still have it
Protectorate • A country that is independent but is controlled by another country anyway