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Chapter 22 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Chapter 22. Section 1 – Expanding Horizons. Isolationism. Not being involved in foreign affairs. Expansionism. Expanding to neighboring territories. President Millard Fillmore. President in 1853 – sent Mathew Perry to Japan. Mathew Perry.

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Chapter 22


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    1. Chapter 22 Section 1 – Expanding Horizons

    2. Isolationism • Not being involved in foreign affairs

    3. Expansionism • Expanding to neighboring territories

    4. President Millard Fillmore • President in 1853 – sent Mathew Perry to Japan

    5. Mathew Perry • Asked the Japan to begin trading goods with the U.S.

    6. What had happened? • The fleet of war ships scared them • They signed a treaty

    7. Treaty of Kanagawa • Japan opens ports to American Ships • We began moving west

    8. Imperialism • When European nations got bigger by taking over smaller regions

    9. William H. Seward • Wanted an American Empire to control the Caribbean, Central America, and the Pacific Ocean

    10. The Purchase of Alaska • Became a state in 1912 • Purchased for around a dollar an acre • Seward bought it from Russia for 7.2 million

    11. Seward’s Foley • He was made fun of because he bought a piece of ice • We discovered gold, oil and other natural resources there

    12. Josiah Strong • Wanted to spread Christianity to nations close by making them civilized

    13. Monroe Doctrine • Warned European Nations not to try and colonize land in Central and South America

    14. America Expanded to Latin America • Our influence changed their economy - • How?

    15. Pan American Union • An agreement between the U.S. and Latin America to share information with one another

    16. Captain Alfred Mayer Mahan • Wanted to enlarge and improve the Navy • Thought that a strong navy would intimidate the world

    17. Know your Naval • In 1883, ships were built out of steel for the first time • We had to have a base to refuel them

    18. Do you know what’s in your Naval • In the beginning ships were wooden and used sails • Then they were steam powered • Some are nuclear

    19. Section 2 • Imperialism in the Pacific • What does “imperialism” mean?

    20. Question ?????? • Where is the Pacific Ocean?

    21. Seward’s Plan • Slowly spread the U.S. in other regions by colonizing smaller regions

    22. Midway Island • Two strategic islands in the Pacific Ocean that Seward wanted to add to the U.S. for ships to stop and re-fuel

    23. Hawaiian Islands • 8 large islands in the Pacific Ocean • Were fisherman, and farmers of sugar cane and pineapples • There are no snakes there

    24. King Kamehameha • The Hawaiian King that unified all the islands in Hawaii • He was born on the night that Haley’s Comet passed the earth

    25. King Kalakaua • Gave the U.S. a naval base at Pearl Harbor • When we renewed our trade agreement with them

    26. Hawaii becomes a the 50th State • Sugar planters couldn’t afford to pay the tariff on their sugar • So they agreed to become a U.S. territory • And soon, a state

    27. Queen Liliuokalani • Was overthrown by American Sugar Planters • We had farms there • She took our power • So we took hers

    28. Provisional • Temporary

    29. Annexation • John Stevens arranged for us to win the revolt • Added Hawaii to the U.S.

    30. Benjamin Harrison • Approved the annexation of Hawaii

    31. Grover Cleveland • Withdrew the annexation of Hawaii because the Hawaiians didn’t want it • But… money talks and it happened anyway

    32. Island of Samoa • The U.S. and Germany share the islands

    33. Spheres of Influence • Areas where different countries have special powers

    34. John Hay • Proposed an Open Door Policy with other Nations • Allowed any country in China to trade with other countries inside China’s Sphere of Influence

    35. The Boxer Rebellion • Secret Chinese Martial Arts Society

    36. Manchuria • Where the Russo-Japanese War was

    37. President Theodore Roosevelt • Signed the Treaty of Portsmouth • Returned Korea to Japan • Only if they promised to stop expanding

    38. Great White Fleet • Fleet of 16 white ships sent around the world to show everyone how powerful we were

    39. Chapter 22 Section 3- Spanish American War

    40. The Cuban Rebellion – Jose Marti • Led the Cuban Revolt against the Cuban Government

    41. William McKinley • Wanted to settle the Cuban conflict peacefully

    42. Remember the Maine • An American war ship anchored in Havana Harbor, that blew up “Mysteriously”

    43. War in the Phillipeans • Site of the first battle of the Spanish American War • Spain owned the Philippines

    44. George Dewey • Led the battle in the Philippians

    45. Emilio Aguinaldo • Led the rebels • Fought to help the American soldiers

    46. Philippine Island of Luzon • The main island in the Philippines

    47. Santiago - Cuba • Cuban harbor in the southeast corner of Cuba

    48. The Rough Riders • Led by Theodore Roosevelt • The Battle of San Juan Hill

    49. Puerto Rico • We took it after we left Cuba • We still have it

    50. Protectorate • A country that is independent but is controlled by another country anyway