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WATER RESOURCES AS AN IMPORTANT FACTOR OF LAND DEVELOPMENT. Program of Rural Areas Development 2007-2013. Improving the competitiveness of the agricultural and forestry sector. T he quality of life in rural areas and diversification of the rural economy. I mproving the environment

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program of rural areas development 2007 2013
Program of Rural Areas Development 2007-2013

Improving the competitiveness

of the agricultural

and forestrysector

Thequalityoflife inruralareasand diversification of theruraleconomy

Improving the environment

and the countryside

LEADER

axis 4 leader
AXIS 4 LEADER
  • Implementation of Local Development Strategies
  • Implementation of cooperation projects
  • Running the Local Action Group, acquisition of skills and activation
water resources of the earth

WATER RESOURCES OF THE EARTH

Oceans 96,5 %

Glaciers and permanent snowcover 1,74 %

Permanent frozen land 0,022 %

Subsurfacewater 1,7 %

Soilwater 0,76 %

Lakes 0,013 %

Rivers 0,0002 %

Wetlands 0,0008 %

Waterinatmosphere 0,001 %

Biologicalwater 0,0001 %

water resorces use

WATER RESORCES USE

7 times growth in the last century

Actual total use

in the world: 2180 km3Annual water abstraction by source

and by sector in UNEC region

Agriculture: 69 %

Industry: 23 %

Domestic: 8 %

Source: EEA, based on data from Eurostat data table:

water resources issue

WATER RESOURCES ISSUE

1.Seasonal and spatial distributionof precipitation

Results: permanent too less,insomeperiodstoo much ortoo less, trends of decreasing of water resources, catastrophes.

2. Fast rising of waterdemanddue to population growth (from1.65 billion to 6,3 billions inthelastcentury), economic development and changestandard of living.

3. Climatechange– trends of water resources decreasing.

4.Polutionof waterresorces.

water catastrophes floods droughts tsunami cyclones landslides mudslides snowslides etc
WATER CATASTROPHES (floods, droughts, tsunami, cyclones, landslides (mudslides, snowslides etc.)

Number of water’s catastrophes

Cost of water’s catastrophes

slide8
Number of lost of life (red colour) and number of incured people (black colour)in catastrophes connected with water
slide9

Criticalsituationsinforestconcerningwaterconditions

  • Catastrophes
  • Shortor long term states

Floods

Droughts

Overflow

Deficits

slide10

Total number of people (milions) in UNEC region affected by drought (blue colour), extreme temperature (dark brown), flood disasters (light brown) and storm (green)

slide11

CHANGES OF PRECIPITATION

IN PERIOD 1961-2006

  • Observedchanges
  • [mm/10 years]
  • Source:
  • European Environment Agency Report No. 2/2009
slide13

Changes in periods of droughts

South Europe Central Europe North Europe Północna

  • Source: European Environment Agency Report No. 2/2009
slide14

Critical situations:

  • too less water,
  • too much water,
  • water too poluted,

14

climatic balance in poland in period 21 05 20 vii 2010
Climatic balancein Poland in period21.05 – 20.VII. 2010
  • Source: IUNG Puławy,
  • Monitoring of drought
polution of water bodies
Polution of water bodies

State in 2008:w 2008 r.:in Vistula basin

good state onlyin 223 catchments (on 2618),inOderbasin

good state onlyin 67 catchments (on 1673).

Source: GUS 2009

number and range of floods in pol in period 1946 2001

Number and range of floods in Pol in period 1946-2001

Źródło: Ministerstwo Środowiska,

Departament Zasobów Wodnych

slide23

Area of arable lands with irrigation systems [ha]

  • Source: European Environment Agency Report No. 2/2009
development of new water resources

Problems:

  • - technically difficult,
  • - economically expensive,
  • environmentally negative.
  • Source: EEA Eldred 2.08
  • (European Lakes, Dams and Reservoirs
  • Database), 2008.
  • Development of water
  • reservoir’s capacity in Europe

DEVELOPMENT OF NEW WATER RESOURCES

solutions

SOLUTIONS?

The main ways:

water saving,

water recyckling,

water harvesting.

Tools:

legislation,

 participation of all sectors,

economy mechanisms,

 research and technology develipment,

 education,

 monitoring and controlling systems.