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Institute of Demography, Migration, and Regional Development. Proposals for the Government Program on Promoting Voluntary Resettlement in the Russian Federation of Former Residents Now Living Abroad

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slide1

Institute of Demography, Migration, and Regional Development

Proposals for the Government Program on Promoting Voluntary Resettlement in the Russian Federation of Former Residents Now Living Abroad

Svobodny Cosmodrome: a Potential Space Industry Cluster and Development Corridor in Russia’s Amur Region

Yuri Krupnov

2007

reversing the population outflow
Reversing the population outflow

President Vladimir Putin said in December 2006:

“Ultimately, all our plans must aim to make the Far East a comfortable and attractive place for people to live.”

• Reverse the outflow from the Russian Far East

• Promote internal immigration

- from Russia’s Western regions

- from among our compatriots living abroad

Turn the migration vector around

180 degrees!

raise population density and skill levels
Raise population densityand skill levels

Goals of the State Program:

Reverse depopulation

Create skilled manufacturing jobs

Combined result: higher population density and skill levels in the border areas

the population density objective
The population density objective

Current population density

Amur Region 2.4 per sq km

Heilongjiang Province 80 per sq km

OBJECTIVE – in 5 years, raise the Amur Region’s population density to 2.8 – 3.0people per square km, from 873,000 inhabitants to 1,000,000.

five clusters the technological basis for developing the amur region
Five clusters — the technological basis for developing the Amur Region

The regional governor wants to organize tens of thousands of new high-skilled jobs in:

Timber processing

Space services industry

Machine-building

Soybeans

Transport and energy

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The core of the project to resettle the Amur Region could becreation of a full-fledged cosmodrome based onthe SVOBODNY LAUNCH FACILITYand the military town of UGLEGORSK

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Competitive advantages of a

  • Svobodny Cosmodrome
  • Greatest skilled manpower concentration in
  • Russia’s eastern half
  • Best launch location in Russia – 52ºNorth Latitude
  • Excellent available angles of launch
  • Empty areas for Launch Hazard Zones
  • Capacity to launch sun-synchronous or
  • geosynchronous satellites, and manned
  • spacecraft
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Strategic Region #1−

the western Pacific Ocean

along the coast of China

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THREE OPTIONS

FOR THE SVOBODNY COSMODROME AND UGLEGORSK

Closing of the space launch facility and Uglegorsk

Maintaining a small-scale satellite launch center

Creation of the first Russian National Cosmodrome

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The first national cosmodrome can be based on a space transport system

using Zenith-class rockets

and the Clipper shuttle,

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satellite launches

by light Start-class rockets,

and spacecraft control functions

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EASTERN DEVELOPMENT CORRIDOR

UGLEGORSK – KOMSOMOLSK-ON-AMUR

the long eastern development corridor
The “Long” Eastern Development Corridor

A transportation arc

Amur-Yakutsk Highway– Uglegorsk – Komsomolsk –

(Selikhino – Sakhalin – Hokkaido)

a cluster based on the svobodny cosmodrome
A cluster based on the Svobodny Cosmodrome

Russian Federation Government, Far East Federal District, RF Ministry of Defense

Vostok federal space center under Roskosmos

Regional and local governments

Svobodny Cosmodrome management

Consortium of aerospace companies, developing the Svobodny Cosmodrome

Intermediary companies (suppliers of raw materials, parts, and machinery for the aerospace industry)

SVOBODNY Far East Space Cluster

Supplier companies for space services, in Far East Federal District

Space R&D organizations contracted by Svobodny Cosmodrome

Financial and insurance organizations

Military and other R&D organizations

Science organizations, Space Training Center

Innovational space technology park

Infrastructure provider companies

Companies in related sectors

Customers for space services

Schools and universities

Children’s Space Academy

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An urban complex around Uglegorsk, Svobodny, Shimanovsk, Seryshevo, and Gar

Future population: 200,000

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Uglegorsk has housing and

other social infrastructure

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A space industry-centered Special Economic Zone will attract Russian and foreign investment. Besides China, foreign partners could include Singapore, South Korea, and Japan.