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  1. RAD’s Ether Access Technical Overview European Technical Seminar 2013

  2. Agenda • Introduction • Ethernet Access Main Features • Product Overview • ETX-5300A Technical Description • Workshop Applications • Value Proposition

  3. Carrier Ethernet is a Service Carrier Ethernet Defined Carrier Ethernet • Carrier Ethernet is a standardized, carrier-class SERVICE defined by five attributes that distinguish Carrier Ethernet from familiar LAN based Ethernet • It brings the compelling business benefit of the Ethernet cost model to achieve significant savings Carrier Ethernet Attributes • Standardized Services • Scalability • Service Management • Reliability • Quality of Service

  4. MiNID RAD “Service Assured Access” solution Access Network ETX-2xxA AccessAggregation Metro/ Core First Mile • Demarcation and Aggregation solutions • Same service look and feel over: • Fiber and Copper • Native Ethernet, SHDSL, PDH, SDH • Linear, Dual-hommed and Ring topologies • E-LINE and E-LAN services • Synchronization over Packet ETX-203AM ETX-203AM ETX-2xxA FE/GbE IP / MPLS 1/10 GbE Cell- Site ETX-5300A ETX-5300A ETX-5300A SDH/ SONET PDH 10GbE Ring DSL GbE MSAN 1/10 GbE Ring Customer Premises • Complete Access solution Service Assured Access

  5. EtherAccess Feature-set EtherAccess – Enhanced L2 Ethernet capabilities over any access infrastructure • Connectivity Options • EPL/EVPL services (MEF certified) • Flow based • Traffic classification and mapping • CE VLAN ID, P-bit, DSCP, IP Precedence • Enhanced QoS • Policing per service • Dual leaky bucket supporting CIR+CBS, EIR+EBS • Scheduling – Queues according to Strict priority or WFQ • Rate limit on the egress port - Conforms egress traffic to specific rate • Enhanced service creation & assurance OA&M • IEEE 802.3-2005 (Link OAM) • IEEE 802.1ag/Y1731 End-to-End (CFM/PM) • Powerful L2/L3 loopback Allow multiple independent SLA monitoring instances • Integrated RFC-2544 Generator • Resiliency: • Linear protection based on G.8031 • Ethernet Ring protection based on G.8032 • Synchronization over Packet • Mature Sync-E and 1588-2008

  6. Connectivity Options • E-Line Service -used to create • Ethernet Private Line (EPL) • All to one bundling • Ethernet Virtual Private Line (EVPL) • Service Multiplexing, EVC.CoS UNI Carrier Ethernet Network CE UNI CE UNI • E-Tree Service - used to create • EPL&EVPL services • Broadcast networks for IP TV services • No connection between leafs Point-to-Point EVC UNI CE UNI UNI UNI • E-LAN Service - used to create • Single bridge instance per UNI (EPLAN) • Several (virtual) bridge instances per UNI(EVPLAN) CE CE Carrier Ethernet Network Carrier Ethernet Network UNI UNI CE CE UNI UNI Any-to-any EVC Point-to-Multipoint EVC CE CE

  7. ETX Traffic Management • Extremely flexible flow classification: • Port, VLAN-ID, P-bit, TOS-DSCP, EtherType, MAC SA/DA and IP SA/DA • Hierarchical-QoS (HQOS) with flow level TM: • CIR/EIR Policing per flow for differentiated services • Assuring SLA in congested links - shaping per EVC or EVC.cos • Up to 8 queues per flow with Strict Priority and WFQ scheduling • Simplifying operation with powerful bandwidth profiles

  8. Standards: OAM – Operation Administration & Maintenance Delay, Jitter, Packet Loss, Availability Operator A Operator B ITU-T Y.1731 (PM) /802.3ag (CFM) IEEE 802.3ah (EFM)

  9. RFC-2544 Measurements to Ensure Service Parameters Traffic Generation and loopback per RFC-2544 Branch A Real Time Headquarters • Used before service is commissioned to ensure service parameters • Measures Latency, Loss and Throughput • Up to 8 sessions simultaneously ETX PE UNI EVC Priority Data Best Effort Real Time PE ETX Priority Data EVC 1 PSN Best Effort Branch B EVC 2 Real Time IP DSLAM Real Time ETX EVC Priority Data Priority Data Best Effort Best Effort UNI

  10. RFC-2544 CLI Reports Test ID : <ID> Tested by : User Name Product Name : <HW product name and version> Version Number : <firmware name and version> Serial Number : <serial number here > Date & Time : <Test time, format: day, dd/mm/yyhh:mm:sec> Profile Name : <e.g. - RFC 2544 Throughput Test - Per Port Binary Search> Number of Trials : < number of trials> Test Duration : <hh:mm:ss> Test Parameters ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Bind: MD:<MD id>, MA <MA id>, MEP <MEP id>, p-bit <pbit>, VLAN <vlan> Maximum Theoretical Rate: <Maximal defined Rate> [FPS] Duration: <Duration> Pattern: <Frame Pattern>, Frame Type <frame type> Opcode <Opcode>, mode <mode> Search resolution <Search resolution>, Tolerance <tolerance>, Trials <Number of trials> Learning Frames: Number of frames <number of frames>, Frequency <Frequency> Throughput Report < Trial #>: ======== Status: SUCCESS { or FAIL – Link down, OAM connectivity failure } Duration: <HH:MM:SS> Frame Size [bytes] | 64 | 128 | 256 | 512 | 1024 | 1280 | 1518 | Theoretical maximum [fps] |10000 | 5000 | 2500 | 1250 | -  | - | 500 | Throughput [fps] |9500 | 4900 | 2490 | 1250 | - | - | 500 | success [%] | 95 | 98 | 99.6 | 100 | - | - | 100 | Packet Loss report: <Trial #> ============= Status: SUCCESS Frame Size <64> Maximum theoretical rate <10000> Throughput of max | 100% | 90% | 80% | 70% | 60% | %success | 80% | 87% | 93% | 99% | 100% | Latency Report < Trial #>: ======== Status: SUCCESS { or FAIL – Link down, OAM connectivity failure } Duration: <HH:MM:SS> Frame Size [bytes] | 64 | 128 | 256 | 512 | 1024 | 1280 | 1518 | Latency [ms] |50 | 45 | 42 | 37 | -  | - | 24 |

  11. RFC-2544 Reports on RADview Frame loss DelayMeasurement Throughput

  12. PSN PSN Link Protection • Link Aggregation Redundancy (802.3ad based) • Redundant connection to a single upstream device via two ports which form a singe logical port • Link Aggregation Control protocol used to sync LAG members and identify failures • Dual homing • 1:1 connectivity to two different upstream devices for node redundancy Switch criteria: • Loss Of Signal (LOS) indication • Manual commands Single homing CPE Dual homing CPE

  13. Ethernet Linear Protection based on G.8031 Automatic Protection Switching (APS) Automatic Protection Switching (APS) • Protection as per ITU-T G.8031 • Bidirectional 1:1 mode using APS messages • Triggers - Port Signal loss, CCM LOC, ETH-AIS • Protection time • Under 50ms protection time for a single protection group (multiple EVC per group) • Up to 200ms protection time for 4 protection groups Remote Customer Premises Local Customer Premises CPE CPE NTU NTU CC OAM Ethernet PE PE 1 2 CC OAM RDI on CC message

  14. Fault PropagationBased on OAM Loss Of Connectivity Receive RDI State LOC • Network failure propagation to user ports • User ports are turned off upon Loss-of Connectivity (LOC) or Remote Defect Indication (RDI) • Customer equipment senses the failure and immediately reroutes to alternative path • Shortens restoration time by triggering restoration much faster than native routing protocols Remote Customer Premises Local Customer Premises CPE CPE NTU NTU CC OAM Ethernet PE PE 1 2 CC OAM RDI on CC message

  15. Fault Propagation Based on OAM Remote User Failure • User port failure propagation to remote end: • Remote end port is turned off upon alarm indication from local end • Customer equipment senses the failure and immediately reroutes to alternative path • Shortens restoration time by triggering restoration much faster than native routing protocols Remote Customer Premises Local Customer Premises CPE CPE NTU NTU CC OAM Ethernet PE PE 1 2 CC OAM

  16. Layer 2 Protocol Tunneling (L2PT) • Allowing full transparency to L2 control Protocols using different configurations: • Peer-supported L2 Protocols Data Units (PDU) frames • Discard the L2 control protocol frames • Tunnel: Pass through Layer-2 control frames • Including Vendor Specific L2CP frames Remote Customer Premises Local Customer Premises Ethernet CPE CPE NTU NTU L2 PDU L2 PDU PE PE 1 2

  17. IEEE 1588v2 Support • Clock recovery based on 1588-2008 or Synchronous Ethernet Sync-E IEEE 1588-2008 Grandmaster Clock • 1588v2 provides clock distribution over any packet network • Accurate timing - frequency lock ±16ppb • 1588v2 slave for phase and frequency • 1588v2 encapsulation over IP\UDP with telecom profile IEEE 1588-2008 (1588v2) • Transport • Network: • ETH/IP/MPLS • PoP Site PE PE TC RNC/ 4G GW ETH ETX IP NodeB

  18. Mobile Demarcation with ETX-205A • Clock recovery based on 1588-2008 or Synchronous Ethernet Sync-E Sync-E Clock Source IEEE 1588-2008 Grandmaster Clock • Mobile Demarcation Device – Timing Gateway & Demarcation • Per-flow SLA measurements • Multiple synchronization over packet standards • Support for legacy Cellular generations IEEE 1588-2008 (1588v2) ETH TC IP Node B IP Node B IP Node B • PoP Site External Clock Source RNC/4G Gateway ETH • Transport Network: • ETH/IP/MPLS ETX ETX ETX PE PE ETH BTS NxE1/T1

  19. Products Overview

  20. ETX Portfolio Performance ETX-5300A ETX-220A ETX-205A ETX-204A High End EDD Flow Base Service Flexible classification ETX-203AX/AM SFP based NTU Basic NTU Port Base Service High End MDD Flow Base Service Flexible classification With TDM Services ETX-26/36 ETX-203AX MiNID Ethernet Service Aggregation Platform ETX-202/102 10GE Interfaces 10GE NTU 10GE Ring Scale FE/GE nxGE nx10GE

  21. ETX-203AX • Carrier Ethernet Demarcation Device for: • SLA-based retail and wholesale Ethernet services • Carrier grade design • Service and port level redundancy • MEF CE 2.0 compliant EPL and EVPL Ethernet services Power Wide-range AC&DC PS Management Out of Band FE port Local RS-232 Network and User Interfaces 1 or 2 network SFP interfaces (redundancy) Up to 4 or 5 user ports

  22. FE/GbE Combo port uplink module SHDSL EFM uplink module Ethernet over PDH uplink module ETX-203AM All-In-One • 4wire – 11.4 Mbps • 8wire – 22.8 Mbps • 2 x 10/100/1000BT • 2 x 100/1000Fx (SFP) • 4/8xE1/T1 • 1/2xT3 • GFP/VCAT/LCAS Management Out of Band FE port Local RS-232 User interfaces: 4 FE/GE interfaces SFP or UTP Modular Uplink ETH SHDSL ETH Over PDH/SDH

  23. ETX-205A Physical View • 4 E1/T1 PWE interfaces: • CESoPSN and SAToP • UPD/IP and MEF8 • Flexible and accurate timing • 16 PWE per E1 port and CAS support • SyntTop™ synchronization ports: • External in/out (T3/T4) • 1PPS and ToD • Advanced Carrier EthernetDemarcation Device for: • SLA-based retail and wholesale Ethernet services • 2G/3G/4G-LTE Mobile backhauling demarcation • Migration to packet networks with integrated Ethernet and E1/T1 services • Management ports • Out of band - Ethernet port • Local craft terminal - RS-232 • 6 FE/GE combo interfaces: • 2 Network ports • 4 User ports • Redundant power supplies: • AC: 100–240VAC, 50-60Hz • DC: 24/48VDC

  24. ETX-220A Layout • H/W ready SyntTop™ synchronization ports: • RJ-45 and BNC i/f • External in/out (T3/T4) • ToD and 1PPS • 4 x 10GE XFP Based Ports • 2 Network i/f 1:1 • 2 User i/f (only one is functioning in the first release) • 19”, 1RU shelf, Rack and wall mount • Environmentally Hardened Option: -20 to +65C • Management ports • Out of band - Ethernet port • Local craft terminal - RS-232 4 x 1GE aggregation • Redundant power supplies: • AC: 100–240VAC, 50-60Hz • DC: 24/48VDC

  25. ETX-5300A Front View Description Redundant PSU (DC/AC Outlet) Clocking Interfaces Fan Module 4 x 10GbE XFP fully redundant Secondary Main Card Primary Main Card Alarm output connector 20 x 1GbE Opt SFP I/O card 20 x 1GbE Elec I/O card Air Filter

  26. ETX-2xx Technical Description

  27. ETX Forwarding Plane EVC QUEUE BLOCK EVC Scheduler 8 Queue per EVC WRED EVC Shaper WFQ SP Port level Scheduler Classifier Pre Forwarding Editing Forwarding engine (for E-LAN services) Post Forwarding Editing Flow 1 CIR/EIR Policing Rx Flow N CIR/EIR Policing WFQ Tx • Classify and map incoming packets into flows (EVC.CoS) • Police each flow (Green, Yellow, Red) • For E-LAN services (version 4.5) the forwarding engine is the bridge and MAC learning mechanism • For E-Line service, there is no Forwarding engine. Egress port and queue block selection are set at the classification stage • Up to 8 or 31 queue blocks per port with up to 8 queues per block • WRED at each queue • User configurable scheduling in queue block • Shaper per queue block • Port level scheduler distributing BW between all the queue blocks 8 or 31 Queue blocks per egress port

  28. Counter Locations in ETX Location of Port Statistics counters Location of Flow Statistics counters EVC QUEUE BLOCK EVC Scheduler 8 Queue per EVC WRED • Port level statistics are measured in ingress and egress ports in the MAC level • Flow level Statistics are measured before and after the flow policer, green/Yellow dropped statistics are measured by WRED mechanism (queue level) Egress PORT Counters EVC Shaper Dropped packet Counters (Queue level) Ingress PORT Counters Policer Counters WFQ SP Port level Scheduler Classifier Pre Forwarding Editing Forwarding engine (for E-LAN services) Post Forwarding Editing Flow 1 CIR/EIR Policing Rx Flow N CIR/EIR Policing WFQ Tx 8 or 31 Queue blocks per egress port

  29. Summary – OAM and Counter locations in ETX Location of Port Statistics counters Location of Flow Statistics counters EVC QUEUE BLOCK EVC Scheduler 8 Queue per EVC WRED EVC Shaper Egress PORT Counters Dropped packet Counters Ingress PORT Counters Policer Counters WFQ SP Port level Scheduler Classifier Pre Forwarding Editing Forwarding engine (for E-LAN services) Post Forwarding Editing Flow 1 CIR/EIR Policing Rx Flow N CIR/EIR Policing WFQ Tx Down MEP 8 or 31 Queue blocks per egress port UP MEP CCM CCM PM COS1 PM COS1 2544 Generator/Analyzer HW block PM COS7 PM COS7

  30. ETX-5300A Technical Description

  31. Performance 100Gbps Full Duplex: • 100 Gbps Ingress • 100 Gbps Egress Total of 100Gbps Ingress from all I/F (Main/IO) Total of 100Gbps Egress from all I/F (Main/IO) • Note: The maximum interface capacity ( 160Gbps ) exceeds the device performance.

  32. Architecture and Data Path Scheme 10GbE I/F 10GbE I/F 2/4 10G 2/4 10G Main A Main B RXAUI RXAUI Active Active Packet Engine Packet Engine Packet Engine Packet engine per card  acts like a single distributed engine Fabric I/F 40Gbps Broadcom (Dune) . MPLS support CL CL 20G(2x10G) Non Blocking I/O I/O I/O I/O

  33. ETX-5300A – SAP & SAG • SAG (Service Aggregation Group) is a logical port (management entity) that represents a physical connection between I/O and main Ethernet cards. • Each SAG includes 512 Service Attachment Points (SAPs)

  34. HW Architecture: ETH IO Structure 10 GbE I/F 2/4 10G Main A RXAUI • IO card is actually build from 2 x 10GbE sections • 2 x 10 GbE internal ports for IO/Main interconnection • This is reflected in some ETX-5300 features and limitations: • Two SAG’s per IO , one for each 10G IO port group (reflects internal io/main 10G port) • LAG group membership • Limitation: E-Line is not support between ports on the same 10 port group Packet Engine CL 20G(2x10G) I/O I/O 11…….20 1………10

  35. Data Path and Redundancy Scheme: LAG Inter Main card LAG 10 GbE I/F 10 GbE I/F 2/4 10G 2/4 10G Main A Main B RXAUI RXAUI Active Active Main card fail Packet Engine Packet Engine Fabric I/F 40 Gbps CL CL 20G(2x10G) I/O I/O I/O I/O IO fail Inter IO card LAG

  36. Data Path and Redundancy Scheme: Ring Ring Port East Ring Port West 10 GbE I/F 10 GbE I/F 2/4 10G 2/4 10G Main A Main B RXAUI RXAUI Active Active Main card fail Packet Engine Packet Engine Fabric I/F 40Gbps Bridge CL CL 20G(2x10G) I/O I/O I/O I/O

  37. ETX-5300A Flows and Scale SAG - Service Aggregation Group SAP - Service Attachment Point SAG I/O-1 Flow Processing SAP 1 1k flows 1k rules Per 10x1Gbe ports 512 SAP up to 1K Flow Processing 10 SAP SAG Flow Processing 11 1k flows 1k rules Per 10x1Gbe ports SAP 10G 512 SAP Flow Processing 20 4K/Up to 8k SAP 10G Packet Engine up to 1K 2k flows 10G 20 PORTS I/O-2 10G up to 1K 2k flows 20 PORTS I/O-3 Total=16k up to 1K 2k flows 20 PORTS I/O-4

  38. Workshop Applications

  39. Workshop Applications • During the workshop you will create several applications: • ETX‑5300A Out-of-Band (OOB) Management • E-Line – Ethernet Private Line Application • E-Line – Ethernet Virtual Private Line Application • E-LAN – In band Management from Central Location to Remote CPEs

  40. 1. ETX-5300A OOB management ETX-5300A Untagged Port 00B IP: 172.17.192.50 NMS IP: 172.17.192.51 ETX‑5300A Out-of-Band (OOB) Management.

  41. Management Flow Configuration There are several procedures for configuring management flow: • SVI (Switched Virtual Interface) – Defines a logical port used to associate the router interface with the remote device (peer). • Flow Classifications – Define the types of traffic. • Flow – Defines the In/Out paths. • Router Interface – Makes the ETX accessible from different access points. The router provides a logical path at L3.

  42. OOB Management Flows CLI Configuration flow "mng_in" classifier "untagged" ingress-port mng-ethernet main-a/0 egress-port svi 99 no shutdown exit flow "mng_out" classifier "all" ingress-port svi 99 egress-port mng-ethernet main-a/0 no shutdown exit

  43. 2. E-line – EPL Application

  44. ETX‑5300A – Logical Connection • Outgoing Data Traffic from ETX‑5300A I/O ETH Card Port 1/10 to Port 1/20

  45. ETX-5300A – Data Flows Configuration flow 10_sap classifier v10 ingress-port ethernet 1/10 egress-port sap 1/1/2 queue-map-profile QueueMapDefaultProfile block 0/1 no shutdown exit flow sap_20 classifier all ingress-port sap 1/1/2 egress-port ethernet 1/20 queue-map-profile QueueMapDefaultProfile block 0/1 no shutdown exit

  46. 3. E-Line Application – EVPL • EVC.CoS application, with multiple data services that include the following capabilities: • Traffic management per EVC.CoS • OAM CFM monitoring per single EVC • Performance monitoring based on Y.1731 per EVC.CoS • RFC-2544 tests per EVC.CoS VLAN POP VLAN POP ETX-5300A PC PC ETX-203AX MEP2 MEP1 3 1 1/9 1/19 1 3 ETX-205A VLAN 2 p-bit 1 VLAN 2 p-bit 2 VLAN 2 p-bit 5 Push SP-VLAN 100 Single VLAN Classification Push SP-VLAN 100 VLAN 2 p-bit 1 VLAN 2 p-bit 2 VLAN 2 p-bit 5 OAM CFM+PM

  47. EVPL application – QoS UNI CoS 5 CIR EVC Real-Time CIR: 5 Mbps; EIR: 0 CoS 5 UNI 1 GbE EVC 10 Mbps CoS 2 EIR CIR EIR Critical Data CIR: 2 Mbps; EIR: 8 Mbps CoS 2 CoS 1 EIR CIR EIR General DataCIR: 3 Mbps; EIR: 7 Mbps CoS 1

  48. EVPL Application Logical Diagram ETX-5300A ETX-205A ETX-203AX Traffic Generator Traffic Generator C-VLAN 2.5 C-VLAN 2.5 S-VLAN 100.5 S-VLAN 100.5 S-VLAN 100.2 S-VLAN 100.2 C-VLAN 2.2 C-VLAN 2.2 CD RT RT CD S-VLAN 100.1 S-VLAN 100.1 C-VLAN 2.1 C-VLAN 2.1 GD GD 1/9 1/19 Port 3 Port 3 Port 1 Port 1

  49. RFC Traffic Diagram

  50. 4. E-LAN In-band Management