Chapter 12: The Symphony - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Chapter 12: The Symphony

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  1. Chapter 12:The Symphony

  2. Key Terms • Symphony • Symphony movement plan • Sonata form • Slow movement • Minuet form • Rondo form

  3. The Symphony • Outgrowth of public concerts • “Crowning achievement of Viennese Classical music” • Spurred growth of Classical orchestra and sonata form • Four movements with contrasting tempi, forms, themes, and moods • “pleasing variety”

  4. Symphony Movements • I. Opening movement • Moderate to fast tempo • Sonata form, optional slow introduction • Many moods possible: often serious, complex, substantial, impressive, dramatic • Emphasizes contrast and development • Something to make you think

  5. Symphony Movements • II. Slow movement • Slow tempo • No standard form: may use sonata, variation, rondo, or other form • Often lyrical and songlike in character • A beautiful melody

  6. Symphony Movements • III. Minuet and Trio • Moderate tempo, triple meter • Minuet form (ternary) • Stylized dance • Usually aristocratic in mood • Something to set your foot tapping

  7. Symphony Movements • IV. Closing movement • Fast to very fast in tempo • Sonata or rondo form favored • Light, tuneful, brilliant character • May borrow popular or folk tunes • Provides an exciting conclusion • A tune to whistle on your way out the door