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Name 9.29.08 Hour Unit 3: Slavery Notes: Plantations and Slavery Spread. I. The Cotton Boom. A. 1793: Eli Whitney invents the Cotton Gin. i. clean 50 lbs./day ii. Changed the South in 4 Ways a. Cotton plantations (and slavery) spread as far west as TX.

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i the cotton boom
I. The Cotton Boom

A. 1793: Eli Whitney invents the Cotton Gin.

i. clean 50 lbs./day

ii. Changed the South in 4 Ways

a. Cotton plantations (and slavery) spread as far west as TX.

b. Planters grew cotton instead of other goods.

c. More Nat. Am’s driven off land for cotton

d. Slavery spread b/c growing cotton req. a large work force.

ii slavery expands
II. Slavery Expands

A. 1820: $22 Mill. from Cotton

B. 1860: $200 Mill.

C. Price of Cotton ↑… price of slaves ↑

i. 1790s: male field hand: $300

ii. 1830s: $1000

iii slavery divides the south
III. Slavery Divides the South

A. 2 kinds of Southerners: slave owners and non-slave owners

i. 1/3 of southerners owned slaves in 1840

a. 1/10 of THOSE had more than 20 slaves

ii. Many non-slave owners still supported slavery…just couldn’t afford to buy them.

iv african americans in the south
IV. African Americans in the South

A. 2 kinds of Af. Ams: Slaves and Free

i. Enslaved AA’s = 1/3 of the total South pop in 1840!

ii. Jobs slaves did: field work, house servants, craftsmen, factory work, day laborers.

iii. 1840: 8 % of AAs in the South were free

1. couldn’t vote, no edu., hard to find work, might be recaptured

v cotton dependency
V. Cotton Dependency

A. The South depends on Cotton for profits

B. England depends on Cotton (and therefore slavery) to make fabric in their textile mills.

C. The North depends on England to supply fabric to northern factories to make clothing, blankets, etc.

vi finding strength in religion
VI. Finding Strength in Religion

A. Slaves used religion to endure slavery

B. Masters used religion to enforce slavery: “Servants, obey your masters”

C. Slaves inspired by Moses and the Hebrews.

D. Spirituals: used to bring hope and send msgs.

vii 4 reasons for spirituals
VII. 4 Reasons for Spirituals

A. community Strength

Hear the Community Strength Songs Here

B. Inspiration/Motivation

Hear the Inspirational/Motivational Spirituals Here

C. Protest

Hear the Protest Spirituals Here

D. Coded Messages

Hear the “coded messages” Spirituals Here

slide21

More info on Sabbath Day Activities at: http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/bibb/bibb.html page 22-24

vii families under slavery
VII. Families Under Slavery

A. Children stayed w/ Mothers

B. Many owners tried to keep fam’s together…reduced # of runaways

C. Slaves married, had children, did their best to maintain fam. life.

slide23

(Do Not Write)“I do not recollect of ever seeing my mother by the light of day. She was with me in the night. She would lie down with me, and get me to sleep, but long before I waked she was gone.”-Frederick Douglass

vii slave rebellions
VII. Slave Rebellions

A. Many revolts were planned but failed

B. Nat Turner’s rebellion was the most famous

i. 70 slaves killed 55 whites

ii. 16 of the slaves were killed

iii. Nat Turner was caught, tried, and hanged.

1. As a result, 200 AAs were killed in revenge, laws about free AAs got stricter.