U.S. History EOCT test Unit 3 Preparation
6a Explain the Northwest Ordinance’s importance in the westward migration of Americans, and on slavery, public education, and the addition of new states.
Essential Questions • How did the Northwest Territory impact westward migration of Americans? • How did the Northwest Territory impact slavery? • How did the Northwest Territory impact Public Education? • How did the Northwest Territory impact the addition of new states?
Essential Question • How did the Northwest Territory impact westward migration of Americans?
Northwest Territory • States fought over this land area for ownership. • Gave land claims to the U.S. government. • Congress passes 2 laws to control development and settlement.
Land Ordinance of 1785 • Establishes definite boundary lines so there would be no confusion over land ownership. • Surveyed the land to sale to citizens to populate.
Cheap Affordable Land • Answer to essential question: Since the land was divided and sold cheaply – for $1, citizens in the United States could afford the land. They moved (migrated) in to the territory after buying the land and settled communities.
Essential Question 3. How did the Northwest Territory impact public education?
Public Education • One Township was sold off to finance and support public education. • Townships encouraged to establish public schools.
Financing Public Education • Answer to essential question #3: • One section was sold to finance public education.
Essential Question 4. How did the Northwest Territory impact the addition of new states?
Northwest Ordinance of 1787 • Established process that territories could use to become a state. • Set up temp gov’t. • 5,000 people elect rep. to legislature. • 60,000 could apply for statehood.
Process (Steps) to be added as a State • Answer to essential question #4: • Territories that wanted to be added as a state had to follow the steps outlined in the Northwest Ordinance. As new territories (such as Missouri, Maine, Oregon, and California) wanted to be added they had to get the population, adopt a constitution, and elect representative, etc.
Essential Question 2. How did the Northwest Territory impact slavery?
Northwest Ordinance effect on Slavery • Outlawed slavery in the Northwest Territory. • Settlers guaranteed freedom of Religion, freedom of speech, and other rights.
Northwest Ordinance effect on Slavery Answer to Essential Question # 2: • Outlawed slavery in the Northwest Territory. • Settlers guaranteed freedom of Religion, freedom of speech, and other rights.
6b • Describe Jefferson’s diplomacy in obtaining the Louisiana Purchase from France and the territory’s exploration by Lewis and Clarke.
Thomas Jefferson Wanted to buy Access to Mississippi River (New Orleans)
Jefferson’s conflict • Thomas Jefferson really wanted to buy the Louisiana Purchase but…. • He had argued a Strict interpretation of the U.S. Constitution as a philosophy. • This just meant that the U.S. Constitution’s language did not expressly say that he, as president, could purchase property. • The opportunity to buy challenged his strict constructionist viewpoint.
Characteristics Definition A political opinion that an individual should interpret (understand) the Constitution for what is actually stated. Literal interpretation of words by what is actually written. Face value of words actually written. Strict Constructionist : Examples Non-Examples Mr. Howell says that you can’t Go the snack machine during instruction Time. Reading between the lines. Accepting implied reasoning for phrases and clauses. You argue to Mr. Howell that the Teacher was not teaching at the time that you visited the snack machine. Broad Constructionist “Elastic Clause” Necessary & Proper Clause
Jefferson Submits and Buys • Thomas Jefferson purchased the territory because he believed it would benefit all Americans despite his personal interpretation of the U.S. Constitution. • The land purchase doubles the land area of the United States. • He paid $15 million.
Thomas Jefferson • President that purchased the Louisiana Territory from France • Increased U.S. size two times Larger • Mississippi to Rocky Mountains --- Purchased from Napoleon
Lewis & Clarke Expedition • Corps of discovery • initiated by Thomas Jefferson • 16-month expedition • charted the trails west,mapped rivers and mountain ranges, • collected samples of unfamiliar animals and plants, • and recorded facts and figures about the various Native American tribes west of the Mississippi River
6c • Explain the major reasons for the War of 1812 and the war’s significance on the development of a national Identity.
History Tensions Existed after the Revolutionary War
Interruption of Trade • Great Britain blockades ships out of the sea area in the Atlantic entering near France. • Neutral vessels had to report To British Ports to get a license to trade in Europe. • This Disrupted American Trade. • Americans were angry.
Impressment • The British would capture American Commercial ships that did not report to British ports and get a license. • As Punishment – Americans were Conscripted “forced against their will” into the British Navy. • This is calledIMPRESSMENT
British in Ohio River Valley • The British still occupied the territory considered to belong to the Americans around the Northwest Territory, or Ohio River Valley. • The British refused to leave this area and attempted have an influence there. • Many believed the British were inciting the Native Americansto attack American property and citizens.
Manifest Destiny • Competition in the Fur Trade. • Manifest Destiny (Expansionist sentiment by War hawks). • Some Members of Congress called War Hawks were driven by expansionist ideas and manifest Destiny and declared war in order to get new lands for the U.S.
Commodore William Bainbridge Commodore Stephen Decatur
Treaty of Ghent Ends the War of 1812
Battle of New Orleans • Fought after the Treaty of Ghent and the official end of the War of 1812 • General Andrew Jackson and his troops defeat the British at New Orleans
Results of War of 1812 • Andrew Jackson becomes national hero for winning Battle of New Orleans. • Americans experience an increased feeling of national Pride. Refer to themselves as “Americans”
National Identity • All Across the United States citizens were proud that the country was strong enough to defeat the British army and Navy once More. • PROUD TO BE AMERICAN!
6d Describe the construction of the Erie Canal, the rise of New York City, and the development of the nation’s infrastructure.
Essential Question • Why was the Erie Canal Built?
American System • Henry Clay • Goal was to unite the Nation • Protective Tariff to protect N.E. manufactures • 2nd Bank of the U.S. to issue a National Currency • Internal improvements / roads and bridges built to connect the Nation / Erie Canal connecting Great lakes to Hudson River