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Essential Standard 2.00. Understand business organization and management. Objective 2.02. Understand leadership and management. Topics. Management Leadership Human Resource Management. Management. Management. What is the role of a manager?

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essential standard 2 00

Essential Standard 2.00


business organization and management.

objective 2 02

Objective 2.02


leadership and management.

  • Management
  • Leadership
  • Human Resource Management

What is the role of a manager?

Managers are responsible for management of a business to accomplish goals by effectively using people and other resources.

Describe the five functions of management:


To analyze information, set goals based on information, and make decisions to accomplish the goals


To arrange resources in order to accomplish the goals of the business


To obtain, train, and compensate employees to accomplish the goals of the business


To direct and lead people to accomplish the goals of the business


To determine whether a business is accomplishing its goals that were set in the planning stage.

management continued
Management continued

What are the different levels of management?




Management by others

Describe each level:


Executives who are responsible for the overall direction of the business


Specialists responsible for a specific part of the business


First level of management in the business

Responsible for the routine work of employees

Management by others

Other employees who are not managers, may serve as leaders for a group of employees

management continued1
Management continued

What is management style?

The way a manager directs employees to accomplish the goals of the business.

Describe the different types of management styles:


Directed and controlling

Typically, use for inexperienced employees or during a crisis


Less directed with employees helping with decision making

Typically, used with trusted and/or experienced employees


Combination of both tactical and strategic


What is leadership?

The ability to motivate others to effectively accomplish goals of the business.

What characteristics to a good leader possess?

(Have students name these. The entire list is on the next slide.)

leadership continued how many did you name
Leadership continued How many did you name?
  • Intelligence
  • Judgment
  • Objectivity
  • Initiative
  • Dependability
  • Understanding
  • Cooperation
  • Honesty
  • Courage
  • Confidence
  • Stability
leadership continued
Leadership continued

What are the different styles of leadership?

Leadership styles

What is an autocratic leader?

Used when a leader needs to give direct, clear, and precise orders and makes decisions

Situations to use style:

During an emergency

To direct the work of inexperienced employees

What is a democratic leader?

one who includes employees in making decisions

Situations to use style:

To monitor quality of work of employees

To direct the work of employees working as a team

What is an open or Laissez-fare leader?

one who gives little or no direction to employees

Situation to use style:

To monitor achievements and communicate regularly with employees

To direct the work of experienced and trained employees

human resources management
Human Resources Management

What is the role of human resources managers?

Human resources managers uses the management process of managing employees who collectively contribute to the achievement of the objectives of the business.

What are the functions of human resources management? What is included in each function of human resource management?

The functions of human resources management:

Planning and staffing – includes planning and job analysis, recruiting and hiring

Managing compensation and benefits – includes compensation methods and employee benefits

Managing performance of employees – includes employee evaluation and promotions, transfers, and termination.

human resources management continued
Human Resources Management continued

What are the two main parts of planning and job analysis?

Classification of employees and determining job requirements.

How can employees be classified?


Long term commitment


Hired for a specific time/job

Full Time

30 or more hours per week (usually 40+ hours)

Part Time

Short work week

How does a human resource manager determine job requirements?

The use of job analysis to determine all the duties for a particular job

human resources management continued1
Human Resources Management continued

What are the two main parts of recruiting and hiring employees? The application process and new employee orientation.

What is included in the application process?

Reviewing applications/resumes

Interviewing applicants

Checking references of applicants

Making a job offer to applicants

What is included in new employee orientation?




Possible probationary period

human resources management continued2
Human Resources Management continued

What are the two main parts of managing compensations and benefits? Determining compensation type and benefits

What are the different types of compensation?

Compensation types

Time Wage – Direct payment per hour

Salary – Direct payment per week, bi-weekly, or monthly

Commission – Percentage of sales

Piece Rate – Payment per unit produced

Base plus incentive – Direct payment plus performance based pay

What are some employee benefits that may be available?

Employee benefits

Other items given to employee for working. For example, health insurance, vacation time, sick time, dental insurance, etc.


Human Resources Management continued

What are the two main parts of managing performance of employees? Employee evaluation and employee movement within the company (promotion, transfer, or termination)

What is included in employee evaluation?

Objective evaluations of employees’ quality of work. Managers and employees are trained on evaluation procedures. Identifies strengths and weaknesses. Post-conference tells employee the results.

How may an employee transition throughout the company?


Advancement of an employee to a position with greater responsibility


Assignment of the employee to a job in another area with similar responsibility


Ends employment relationship