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Essential Standard 5.00. Understand business credit and risk management. Objective 5.02. Understand risk management and insurance. Topics. Types of risk Ways to handle risks Business Insurance Uninsurable risks. Types of risk. Types of Risk. What is risk? What is risk management?

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Essential Standard 5.00

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essential standard 5 00

Essential Standard 5.00

Understand business credit and risk management.

objective 5 02

Objective 5.02

Understand risk management and insurance.

  • Types of risk
  • Ways to handle risks
  • Business Insurance
  • Uninsurable risks
types of risk1
Types of Risk
  • What is risk?
  • What is risk management?
  • Different types of risk:
    • Economic and non-economic
    • Pure risk and speculative
    • Controllable risk and uncontrollable
    • Insurable risk and uninsurable
types of risk continued
Types of Risk continued
  • Economic
    • Results in financial loss.
    • Three categories of economic loss:
        • Personal risk – Result in personal losses
        • Property risk – Loss of personal or business property including money, buildings and vehicles.
        • Liability risk – Harm or injury to other people or their property because of your actions.
    • Example: Fred’s Diner incurred a loss due to a fire.

What is risk?

  • The possibility of incurring a loss.
  • What is risk management?
  • Itis a systematic process of managing risk to achieve set objectives.
types of risk continued1
Types of Risk continued
  • Non-economic
    • May result in embarrassment or inconvenience without financial impact.
    • Example: Requesting for customers to move to another check-out lane.
  • Pure
    • Threat of a loss without an opportunity for gain.
    • Example: Frost damages a strawberry patch.
types of risk continued2
Types of Risk continued
  • Speculative Risk
    • Offers the chance of gain or loss.
      • Example: Mary opened a shoe store that operated for only six months.
  • Controllable Risk
    • Occurs when conditions can be controlled to lessen the chance of harm.
      • Example: Sears installed centralized customer service stations in order to increase convenience.
types of risk continued3
Types of Risk continued
  • Uncontrollable Risk
    • Cannot be controlled or reduced by your actions.
      • Example: Riding along a highway with other speeding automobiles.
  • Insurable Risk
    • Meets criteria of an insurance company for coverage.
      • Example: An artist purchased insurance to cover his collection.
types of risk continued4
Types of Risk continued
  • Unpredictable amount of loss
    • Example: A competitor of Staples, an office supply store, moved right across the street.
ways to handle risks1
Ways to Handle Risks
  • Avoid
  • Transfer
  • Insure
  • Assume
ways to handle risks2
Ways to Handle Risks
  • Avoid the risk
    • Declining to engage in particular activities.
      • Example: A book company decline an order to produce 6000 books in one day.
  • Transfer the risk
    • Allowing someone else to assume the risk.
      • Example: A book company has a contract for a trucking company to transport its books.
ways to handle risks continued
Ways to Handle Risks continued
  • Insure the risk
    • Purchasing insurance to cover risk.
      • Example: General Electric sells insurance to customers to cover their appliances.
  • Assume risk
    • Finishing an activity andaccepting full responsibility
      • Example: Mary runs a coffee shop and offers a variety of services.
business insurable risks
Business Insurable Risks
  • Personnel
      • Health insurance provides protection against the high costs of individual health care.
      • Disability insurance provides payments to employees who are unable to work for an extended period due to serious illness or injury.
      • Life insurance pays the amount of the insurance policy upon the death of the insured.
business insurable risks continued
Business Insurable Risks continued
  • Property
    • Insurance is purchased to protect businessfrom financial loss due unsuspectingly damages to their buildings, equipment, and building contents, including inventory.
  • Business Operations
    • Coverage as a result of accidents, injuries, and property damage.
types of uninsurable risks
Types of Uninsurable Risks
  • Economic Conditions
  • Consumer Demand
  • Action of Competitors
  • Technology Changes
  • Local Factors
  • Business Operations
health insurance coverage1
Health Insurance Coverage
  • Hospital insurance
    • Classified as medical insurance.
    • Covers for most or all of the charges during a stay in the hospital.
  • Surgical Insurance
    • Covers all or part of the surgeon’s fees for an operation.
health insurance coverage continued
Health Insurance Coverage continued
  • Regular medical insurance
    • Covers fees for nonsurgical care given in the doctor’s office, the patient’s home, or a hospital.
    • Major medical insurance
      • Covers cost of extended and specialized care out of the hospital such as medicine and special nursing care.
health insurance coverage continued1
Health Insurance Coverage continued
  • Comprehensive Medical Policy
    • Combines the features of hospital, surgical, regular, and major medical insurance.
health insurance coverage continued2
Health Insurance Coverage continued
  • Dental Insurance
    • Contains deductible and coinsurance to reduce the cost of premiums.
    • Covers examinations, X rays, cleaning and filling.
    • Covers dental injuries resulting from accidents.
    • Covers part or all of complicated dental work such as crowns or bridges.
health insurance coverage continued3
Health Insurance Coverage continued
  • Vision Care Insurance
    • Cover eye examinations, prescription lenses, frames, and contact lenses.
    • Some plans cover the cost of laser eye surgery that eliminates the need for glasses.
health insurance providers
  • Health insurance may be obtained through employer related groups. They include:
      • Group health insurance
      • Managed care plans
        • Health Maintenance Organizations (HMO)
        • Preferred Provider Organizations (PPO)
      • State Government Programs
health insurance providers1
  • Group Health Insurance
    • Most popular way to buy health insurance.
    • Companies pay part or all of the premium for their employees.
health insurance providers2
  • Managed Care Plans
    • Health Maintenance Organization (HMO)
      • Consists of a staffed medical clinic to serve members.
      • Members are entitled to a wide range of prepaid health care services, including hospitalization.
    • Preferred Provider Organization (PPO)
      • Provides a group of physicians, a clinic, or a hospital that contract with an insurance company.
      • Providers agree to charge a set fee for services.
      • Members are encouraged but not required to use the PPO services.
health insurance providers3
  • State Government Assistance
      • Workers Compensation that provides medical and survivor benefits for people injured, disabled, or killed on the job.
life insurance principles
Life Insurance Principles
  • Life insurance protects survivors against financial loss associated with death.
  • Two basic types:
    • Term
    • Permanent
types of life insurance
Types of Life Insurance
  • Term Life Insurance
    • Provides financial protection from losses resulting from a death during a definite period or term.
    • Least expensive form of life insurance.
    • Only life insurance that is purely life insurance without savings and investments.
types of life insurance continued
Types of Life Insurance continued
  • Permanent Life Insurance
    • Has cash value and an investment feature.
    • Part of the premium paid is used for insurance that provides protection.
    • The insurance company invests part of the premium.
types of life insurance continued1
Types of Life Insurance continued
  • Group Life Insurance
    • Covers a group of people.
    • Offers term rather than permanent insurance.
    • Individual is covered by their employer