Demeter By Sara Jane Gage
Demeter is goddess of… Agriculture Underworld Moral law Fertility
Demeter’s Symbols Corn Cornucopias Pigs Serpents Geckos
Demeter and Persephone • Demeter’s daughter, Persephone was kidnapped by Hades • Demeter searched for her for a very long time, and finally found her • Since Persephone had eaten the food of the Underworld, she could not return • Zeus made Hades return Persephone to Demeter, but Persephone had to spend part of every year in the Underworld.
Demeter and Persephone • The time of year that Persephone is in the Underworld, Demeter won’t let the crops grow • When Persephone returns, Demeter lets all of the crops grow again • This is the Ancient Greek’s mythical explanation of the seasons
“Demeter”by Carol Ann Duffy Where I lived - winter and hard earth. I sat in my cold stone room choosing tough words, granite, flint, To break the ice. My broken heart - I tried that, but it skimmed, flat, over the frozen lake. She came from a long, long way, but I saw her at last, walking, my daughter, my girl, across the fields, In bare feet, bringing all spring's flowers to her mother's house. I swear the air softened and warmed as she moved, The blue sky smiling, none too soon, with the small shy mouth of a new moon.
Eleusinian Mysteries • Secret ceremony in Athens dedicated to Demeter and Persephone • The ceremony thanked Demeter for a good harvest, and honored Persephone to ensure a happy afterlife • The details are unknown, since the participants were sworn to secrecy
Bibliography • Adkins, Leslie, and Roy A Adkins. Handbook to Life in Ancient Greece Updated Edition. Facts on File. N.p., 2 Sept. 2011. Web. 20 Sept. 2011. <http://www.fofweb.com/NuHistory/default.asp?ItemID=WE49&NewItemID=True>. • Daly, Kathleen N. Greek and Roman Mythology A-Z. Facts on File. N.p., 2004. Web. 20 Sept. 2011. <http://www.fofweb.com/NuHistory/default.asp?ItemID=WE49&NewItemID=True>. • “Demeter, Greek Goddess of the Bountiful Harvesy.” Goddess Gift. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Sept. 2011. <http://www.goddessgift.com/goddess-myths/greek_goddess_demeter.htm>. • “DEMETER: Summary of the Olympian Goddess.” http://www.theoi.com/. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2011. <http://www.theoi.com//Summary/Demeter.html>. • Leadbetter, Ron. “Eleusinian Mysteries.” http://www.pantheon.org/. N.p., 10 June 2002. Web. 15 Sept. 2011. <http://www.pantheon.org/articles/e/eleusinian_mysteries.html>. • Sacks, David. Eleusinian Mysteries. Facts on File. N.p., 2 Sept. 2005. Web. 20 Sept. 2011. <http://www.fofweb.com/NuHistory/default.asp?ItemID=WE49&NewItemID=True>.