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Introduction: Reading Russian film . Terms, Genres, Historical context. Two types of discontinuity. Technical innovation: sound, colour, hand-held camera (steadycam) Social and political breaks in evolution. Periodization: 1896 – 1918. Capitalist, commercial cinema.

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Introduction: Reading Russian film


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    1. Introduction:Reading Russian film Terms, Genres, Historical context

    2. Two types of discontinuity • Technical innovation: sound, colour, hand-held camera (steadycam) • Social and political breaks in evolution

    3. Periodization: 1896 – 1918 • Capitalist, commercial cinema. • Entertainment predominated. Star system. • Melodramas, national sagas.

    4. Vera Kholodnaia (1893-1919)

    5. Ivan Mozzhukhin (1889-1939)

    6. Periodization: 1918 – 1930 • Cinema nationalized. • “Avantgarde” political cinema: Pudovkin, Eisenstein, Dziga Vertov, Dovzhenko.

    7. But…. Audiences prefer Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford…

    8. A Canadian girl … in Moscow!

    9. Periodization: 1930 – 1953 • Sound movies and musicals. • Tight political control, • 1935 - Union of film-makers. • High Stalinism, • Socialist realism. • Film as propaganda. • “Trophy” films.

    10. The Kuban Cossaks(1949) by Ivan Pyriev

    11. “Trophy” films Marika Rökk The Girl of My Dreams (1944)

    12. Periodization 1953- 1984 • Golden age of Soviet Cinema. • Influence of French and Italian cinema. • Mass production of high quality popular films: Georgy Danelia, Eldar Ryazanov. • “Elite” films with deeper intellectual content: Sergei Paradzhanov, Andrei Tarkovsky.

    13. Autumn Marathonby Georgy Danelia (1979)

    14. Periodization 1984 - 1991 • Perestroika. • Competition from video and TV (Mexican and Brazilian soaps). • Distribution of suppressed films. • “Film Noir” (“Chernukha”) • Collapse of film industry. • Breakdown of Soviet system.

    15. Outof the archives TheCommissar dir. Aleksandr Askoldov (film shot in 1967, released 20 years later)

    16. Chernukha (“black” film) The Needle dir. Rashid Nugmanov (1988)

    17. Periodization: 1991 - • Capitalist film industry • Flood of American films in cinemas and video • Struggle to maintain Russian film industry • Alternative films and TV series.

    18. The Barber of Siberiadir. Nikita Mikhalkov (1999)

    19. Brotherdir. Aleksei Balabanov (1997)

    20. The Night Watch (Nochnoy dozor)dir. Timur Bekmambetov (2004) “All that stands between light and darkness is the Night Watch.”

    21. The Mongoldir. Sergei Bodrov the Elder (2007)

    22. Issues: function, organization, sociology

    23. Issues: “Elite” intellectual strain vs. popular film

    24. Issues: Political role of film as form of dissent Victor Tsoy: “Change” Film: Assa Dir. Sergei Solov’ov (1987).

    25. Issues: Narrative vs non-narrative structure The Russian Ark Dir. Aleksandr Sokurov (2002)

    26. Issues Relationship of film to other genres: theatre, literature, visual arts, TV TV Series Liquidation (2007)