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  1. Immune System Digestive System Excretory System Is it the Truth? Latin 1x 1x 1x 1x 1x 2x 2x 2x 2x 2x 3x 3x 3x 3x 3x 4x 4x 4x 4x 4x 5x 5x 5x 5x 5x

  2. -cyte (a) Tissue (b) Bone (c) Cell (d) Blood

  3. pathos- (a) Skin (b) Porous (c) Warm (d) Disease

  4. gastro- (a) Birth (b) Stomach (c) Reproduce (d) Embryo

  5. -ase (a) Sugar (b) Enzyme (c) Hormone (d) Lipid

  6. neph- (a) Kidney (b) Thymus (c) Liver (d) Urethra

  7. Bone marrow is considered to be part of our immune system since it… (a) Releases histamine (b) Fights infection (c) Manufactures blood cells (d) Develops T cells

  8. Antibodies are manufactured by which class of lymphocytes? (a) Helper T Cells (b) Plasma Cells (c) Dendritic Cells (d) Natural Killer Cells

  9. A severe allergic reaction to an allergen occurs when thousands of sensitized mast cells are lysed releasing histamine. This is known medically as a case of… • Hemorrhagic Shock • (b) Myocardial Infarction • (c) Anaphylaxis • (d) Hemodialysis

  10. The disease of AIDS is likely to result from a viral attack on which type of human immune cell? (a) Natural Killer Cell (b) Helper T Cell (c) Cytotoxic T Cell (d) Suppressor T Cell

  11. A 19 year old student tests positive for HIV and goes on treatment. Six years later at age 25, she tests negative for HIV. What best explains this? (a) Plasma cells unable to be told to make HIV antibody (b) HIV virus has become lysogenic and into hiding (c) Flawed testing procedures, HIV hidden in plasma (d) Immune system was able to recover from HIV infection

  12. Sodium (as found in NaCl) would be classified as which type of necessary nutrient? (a) Vitamin (b) Protein (c) Mineral (d) Carbohydrate

  13. Chemical digestion of proteins is initiated inside which organ? (a) Oral Cavity (b) Stomach (c) Small Intestine (d) Large Intestine

  14. Excessive HCl secreted by gastric pits can result in a painful tear in the stomach epithelial lining known as… (a) Fracture (b) Ulcer (c) Stomach Cramp (d) Heartburn

  15. Allowing nutrients to absorb into the bloodstream is important for this highly vascular organ… (a) Stomach (b) Small Intestine (c) Large Intestine (d) Pancreas

  16. Peristaltic contractions during swallowing and digestion are facilitated by muscles that are… (a) Striated and Involuntary (b) Smooth and Involuntary (c) Striated and Voluntary (d) Smooth and Voluntary

  17. A human liver plays a direct role in catalyzing which type of chemicalreaction in our blood? (a) Urea into Ammonia (b) Ammonia into Urea (c) Urea into Urine (d) Ammonia into Urine

  18. Stretch receptors are important to the functioning of which organ? (a) Kidney (b) Urinary Bladder (c) Ureter (d) Urethra

  19. The correct pathway for the elimination of urine from body is… (a) Kidney-Ureter-Bladder-Urethra (b) Bladder-Ureter-Kidney-Urethra (c) Kidney-Urethra-Bladder-Ureter (d) Bladder-Urethra-Kidney-Ureter

  20. Of the following, which should NOT be forced through the glomerulus under normal filtration circumstances? (a) Water (b) Urea (c) Glucose (d) Blood

  21. Nitrogenous wastes are the result of the metabolism of which type of compounds? (a) Sugars (b) Proteins (c) Fats (d) Vitamins

  22. Antibodies are capable of destroying pathogens directly by contact. (a) True (b) False

  23. A primary immunoresponse involves recognition of newly discovered antigens by the body. (a) True (b) False

  24. The esophagus is not included as part of the human gastrointestinal tract. (a) True (b) False

  25. An environment with a low pH is needed to convert pepsinogen into pepsin, the activated form of the stomach enzyme. (a) True (b) False

  26. Materials from the blood are separated from each other during the filtration phase of excretion. (a) True (b) False