LATIN The basics of Amelia Triplett
Table of Contents Slide I A Brief History of Latin - Slide II Verbs - Slide III Personal Endings - Slide IV Nouns - Slide V Figure This Out - Slide VI For More Information
A BRIEF HISTORY • Latin is a member of the family of Italic languages • Old Italic alphabets, which came from Greek and Phoenician scripts • The name Latin comes from the Latini, a tribe that settled in Latium, (the region where the Roman civilization rose up) and the dialect spoken by the people.
VERBS • Verbs are divided into groups called conjugations. • First conjugation verbs end in ‘-are’ • Second conjugation verbs end in ‘- • Third conjugation verbs end in ‘-ere’ • Fourth conjugation verbs end in ‘- • Example: • Dorm = To sleep (Remember the - means ‘to’) EHO! Eyes on the text, siplacet. ēre’ fghshgsfjgd īre’
NOUNS • Nouns are divided in to groups called declensions • Latin is a Romantic Language so the nouns do have genders • There are five declensions Vocative = conversational latin
PERSONAL ENDINGS(of Verbs) • Verbs have more endings than one. They have a lot more. So, I’m only going to teach you one set. • Present tense endings for verbs: Ending meanings: -o =“I” -s =“You” -t =“S/he/it” -mus =“We/us” -tis =“You all” -nt =“They” “I” “You” “S/he/it” “We/us” “You all” “They”
NOW WITH THE KNOWLEDGE YOU HAVE GAINED Figure This Out: • Mihīplacet lingua latina BONAM FORTUNAM
For More Information • http://www.merriam-webster.com/top-ten-lists/top-10-latin-words-to-live-by/amor-vincit-omnia.html • http://www.linguanaut.com/english_latin.htm • http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/latin/beginners/ GRATIAS