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Marie-Isabelle Trives-Crémieux DGCCRF General Directorate for Competition Policy, Consumer Affairs and Fraud Control Ministry of Economy Finances and Industry.

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slide1

Marie-Isabelle Trives-Crémieux

DGCCRF

General Directorate for Competition Policy, Consumer Affairs and Fraud Control

Ministry of Economy Finances and Industry

International Workshop for CIS countries “ The use of standards for fresh fruit and vegetables and dry produce in technical regulations and the application of standards in international trade ”

slide2

DGCCRF’s Participation in International Bodies

  • The Management Committee of the European Commission
  • The Expert Committee of the European Commission
  • Codex alimentarius
  • UN/ECE
  • OECD
slide3

DRIED FRUIT INSPECTION UNIT

  • Created in 1998
  • Managed by the Central Administration
  • 15 regional Inspectors who facilitate and coordinate actions
  • At local level, one or more specialised officials

3

slide5

Assignments

  • To inspect dried fruit quality and safety at every stage, with a focus on imports and exports
  • To monitor competition conditions on thefruit and vegetable market

5

slide6

SPECIAL RESOURCES

  • A ‘core skill’ intranet with all the required tools for fruit and vegetable inspections
  • Fruit and vegetable inspection kits

6

slide7

Implementation

  • Annual inspection plans [pesticides residues, contaminants residues, quality, invoicing, labelling, health safety...]
  • National and local investigations
  • Inter-branch agreements

7

slide8

LEGAL FRAMEWORK – EU FOOD SAFETY REGULATION

  • Regulation (EC) N° 178/2002 - General food law
  • Regulation (EC) N° 852/2004 - Hygiene regulation
  • The Consumer Code (Directive n°2000/13/EC on labelling)
  • Regulation (EC) N°396/2005 and 414/1991- Pesticides on foodstuffs ‏
  • Regulation (EU) n° 543/2011
  • Regulation 882/2004 on official inspections
slide9

Food Law ( Regulation 178/2002)‏

Animal feeds

All foodstuffs

Foodstuffs

of animal origin

only

Animal feeds

Regulations

183/2005

Regulation

852/2004

Regulation

853/2004

Professionals

Inspection regulation

882/2004

Regulation

854/2004

Inspection

Services

178 2002 general recommendations
178/2002 general recommendations
  • Security
  • Conformity (import, export)‏
  • Responsibility of professionals
  • Responsibility of the relevant authorities
  • Checks
  • Traceability
  • Withdrawal from market
  • Information from inspection services
178 2002
178/2002
  • EFSA: European Food Safety Authority (Parma)‏
  • The EU’s Rapid Alert System
  • Setting up of
slide12

Food Law ( Regulation 178/2002)‏

Animal feeds

All foodstuffs

Foodstuffs

of animal origin

only

Animal feeds

Regulations

183/2005

Regulation

852/2004

Regulation

853/2004

Professionals

Inspection regulation

882/2004

Regulation

854/2004

Inspection

Services

852 2004 strong points
852/2004 Strong Points

Compliance with Good Hygiene Practices

Compliance with the cold chain

HACCP(except primary production and related activities)‏

Guide to Good Hygiene Practices (including primary production) andapplication of HACCP

Staff training

Declaration and registration of establishments

slide15

GBPH

  • Collates recommendations specific to a given family of food products, OR if possible at a stage that allows regulatory health objectives to be met
  • Is based on a HACCP-type approach
  • Is validated from a scientific and technical point of view
fruit and vegetables
FRUIT AND VEGETABLES

Some fruit and vegetables have to comply with criteria imposed by national laws

e.g.:

Order of 28th August 1972 on prunes

Order of 15th December 1970 on dates

slide17
EU regulation for pesticides on foodstuffs

Regulation (EC) N°396/2005 and Regulation (EC) N°414/1991

slide18

In 2009, the Unit screened 4.953 samples of fruit, vegetables, cereals, and processed products marketed in France, including 1.471 that were part of targeted inspections.

  • Sample breakdown according to origin:
    • 67.0% of French origin
    • 15.9% from other EU Member States
    • 14.4% imported from third countries
    • 2.6% of undetermined origin
  • Screening makes it possible to search for and measure 308 active ingredients. The most frequently encountered compounds are insecticides and fungicides.
slide19

Food Law ( Regulation 178/2002)‏

Animal feeds

All foodstuffs

Foodstuffs

of animal origin

only

Animal feeds

Regulations

183-2005

Regulation

852/2004

Regulation

853/2004

Professionals

Inspection regulation

882/2004

Regulation

854/2004

Inspection

Services

regulation on the provision of food information to consumers regulation n 2011
Regulation on the provision of food information to consumersRegulation N° ----/2011
  • Merges eight sector-based pieces of legislation including Directives 2000/13 and 90/496 to streamline and improve consumer information
  • Maintains the body of law
  • Strengthens certain provisions (legibility)
  • Introduces new obligations (nutrition declaration)
conclusion
Conclusion
  • The Regulation on the provision of food information to consumers attempts to reconcile two different areas :
      • Taking account of technical data, in particular the size of the label, its legibility and the restrictions binding on professionals.
      • Providing more information on food to consumers complies with a requirement, in particular concerning origin and allergens
882 2004
Inspections based on procedures and instructions

Frequency of inspections,

varies depending on the type of establishment,

based on a risk analysis that takes account of a certain number of factors, including production and the establishment’s past history ‘core skill’ intranet

Certain inspections can be delegated to third-party agencies with a certain number of conditions, in particular accreditation. However, certain tasks cannot be delegated e.g. the implementation of coercive measures

882/2004
regulation eu no 543 2011 the marketing standard
REGULATION (EU) No. 543/2011 The Marketing Standard

Compliant with the CMO regulation, “Sound, Fair, and of Marketable Quality” defined in a marketing standard governs the marketing of plant species subject to the CMO

slide25
Which products are subject to Sound, Fair, and of Marketable Quality requirements?

► All plant species governed by the CMO

exceptions 1
EXCEPTIONS (1)

Bananas (another CMO provision) - Potatoes (not governed by the CMO) - Mushrooms other than cultivated mushrooms - Capers

Bitter almonds - Shelled almonds - Shelled hazelnuts Shelled walnuts - Pine nuts - Saffron

Dried fruits (except Inshell almonds , Inshell hazelnuts, Inshell walnuts )

slide27

Proof of Conformity with Sound, Fair, and of Marketable Quality

Traders may choose to conform with the relevant UNECE standard on an ad hoc basis to warrant conformity.

( Inshell almonds , Inshell hazelnuts, Inshell walnuts)