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Feudal Japan. Mr. Walker. C A S T L E S. The Warring States. Castles built on hills in different provinces. Shogun – military leader Power shifts from above to below. Daimyo (DYE•mee•oh) “Powerful landholding samurai ” New feudalism Emperor just a figurehead

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slide1

Feudal

Japan

Mr. Walker

slide3

The Warring States

  • Castles built on hills in different provinces.
  • Shogun – military leader
  • Power shifts from above to below.
  • Daimyo (DYE•mee•oh)
    • “Powerful landholding samurai”
    • New feudalism
  • Emperor just a figurehead
  • Extreme political chaos
slide4

Feudalism

A political, economic, and social system based on loyalty, the holding of land, and military service.Europe:

King

Land - Fief

Loyalty

Land - Fief

Lord

Lord

Loyalty

Knight

Knight

Knight

Food

Protection

Peasant

Peasant

Peasant

Peasant

slide5

Feudalism

A political, economic, and social system based on loyalty, the holding of land, and military service.Japan:

Shogun

Land - Shoen

Loyalty

Land - Shoen

Daimyo

Daimyo

Loyalty

Samurai

Samurai

Samurai

Food

Protection

Peasant

Peasant

Peasant

Peasant

slide11

Medieval Warriors

vs.

European knight

Samurai Warrior

slide12

Medieval Warriors

vs.

Knight’s Armor

Samurai Armor

slide13

Underpinnings: Basic Steps in Self Defense

A COTTON BREECH CLOUT that extended up over the chest was the basic undergarment of a samurai’s costume

A SHORT SLEEVED KIMONO, or “armor robe,” was tied snugly at the waist with a special knot (lower right)

slide14

BILLOWING PANTALOONS,worn over the armor robe, fitted loosely in the legs to allow freedom of movement

AN EXQUISITE BROCADE, richly worked with a design of peonies, was one of the extravagant materials used in an armor robe that may have been made for a 14th Century imperial prince

STURDY SHINGUARDS of cloth or leather were reinforced with strips of iron to give protection from the front

slide15

Oda Nobunaga (1534-1582)

Seizes Kyoto. Tries to unify Japan

Motto = “Rule the empire by force.”

First to use firearms effectively in battle

Overall, he is unsuccessful

He died by…

slide16

Seppuku: Ritual Suicide

It is honorable to die in this way.

slide17

Toyotomi Hideyoshi(1536-1598)

  • Nobunaga’s best general, continue what he started
  • Becomes suspicious of European territorial ambitions.
  • Orders all European missionaries expelled from Japan.
  • Tries to invade Korea, but fails.
slide18

Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543-1616)

Completed the unification of Japan

Appointed shogun by the Emperor.

Moved capital to Tokyo

Still had problems with daimyo, came up with a new plan

“Alternate attendance policy”

slide19

Tokugawa Shogunate Period

  • Confucian values honored
    • Agriculture = key to a ideal society
    • Farmers = ideal citizen
  • Japan does start to become more industrialized
    • Jobs for women
    • Towns, esp. castle towns, increase.
    • Merchant class becomes rich!
  • New art forms  haiku poetry, kabuki theater.
slide20

European Contact

  • Started with the Portuguese
    • Japanese intrigued by new items
    • Daimyo liked the new weapons (guns & cannons)
      • Forever changed warrior traditions (samurai)
slide21

European Contact

  • Christian missionaries started to come
    • First thought there to trade (convert)
    • Got involved with politics, did not honor traditions
    • Kicked out of Japan
    • Japanese Christians persecuted and Christianity is forbidden.
  • Japan closed off to all trade [except to the Dutch and Chinese].
      • The Dutch were given one harbor.
  • Japan would continue, mostly shut-off from the rest of the world…
slide22

Catholic Jesuits in Japan

St. Francis Xavier[First Catholic Missionaries in Asia]