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22 - Adulthood: Psychosocial Development PowerPoint Presentation
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22 - Adulthood: Psychosocial Development

22 - Adulthood: Psychosocial Development

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22 - Adulthood: Psychosocial Development

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  1. 22 - Adulthood: Psychosocial Development

  2. Major theories • Erikson’s Stages • Generativity vs. stagnation • Maslow’s stages • 5. Self-actualization • 4. Success and esteem • 3. Love and belonging • 2. Safety • 1. Physiology

  3. Midlife crisis • 40’s • Anxiety, self-reexamination, transformation • Related more to developmental history than age

  4. Intimacy

  5. Intimacy needs are lifelong • Met by: family, friends, coworkers, & romantic partners (the social convoy)

  6. Family bonds: Parent-Adult child relationships • Become closer as both generations mature (Improves with age) • May deteriorate if they live together • Familism • Belief that family members should support each other

  7. Adult siblings • Become more supportive than earlier • Help to cope with children, marriage, and elderly relatives

  8. Family bonds

  9. Marriage and happiness • Married people (In satisfying marriages) • Happier, Healthier, Richer • Learning to understand and forgive each other promotes happiness • Cohabitation before marriage • Decreases happiness after marriage • Domestic violence is most likely to occur early in a relationship

  10. Children and happiness • Happiness is highest before children • Decreases with birth of first child • & additional children • Decreases again when children reach puberty • Teenage years • Happiness improves afterchild raisingyears (Empty nest) • Children become more independent

  11. Empty nest • (After children leave) • Improves relationships • Parents are alone again • More time for their relationship • More money available • Longtime partners • Stay together because of love & trust

  12. Divorce and separation • Almost 1 out of 2 marriages ends in divorce in the U.S. • About 1/3 of all first marriages end in divorce • Remarried people have a greater chance of divorce than first married • Adults are affected by divorce in ways they never anticipated • Very distressed marriages = happier after divorce • Emotionally distant marriages (most in U.S.) = less happy than they thought they would be

  13. Consequences of divorce • Can last for decades • Divorce reduces income, severs friendships, and weakens family ties • Income, family welfare, and self-esteem = lower among formerly married than still married or never married

  14. Generativity • Erikson’s Generativityvs. Stagnation • Satisfied by • Creativity • Caregiving • Guiding the next generation • Employment

  15. Caregiving for children • Your biological children • Parent must change to adopt to developmental stages of child.

  16. Caring for aging parents • Sandwich generation • Sandwitched between their children and their parents • Few adult children are full-time caregivers • Therefore, not technically sandwitched • Often only one child bears the burden • Creates resentment • Caregiving for parents is often based on the child’s personality

  17. Employment

  18. Employment = generativity • Unemployed = higher rates of child abuse, alcoholism, depression & other problems. • Happiness is not necessarily related to income • Income has doubled (in last 50 years) but happiness has not • Work meets generativity needs to: • Use personal skills • Be creative • Advise coworkers as a friend or mentor

  19. Working for more than money • Extrinsic rewards (Outside - External) • Salary • Health insurance • Pension • Intrinsic rewards (Inside – internal) • Intangible rewards • Job satisfaction • Self-esteem • Pride in contributing • Feeling needed