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  1. The Key for Two Years’ Reading Growth for One Year of Instruction: Assessment Presented by: Quality Quinn

  2. For more information www.qualityquinn.com Click on presentations Find your state on the map Click!

  3. Process for Leadership • Challenge the process • search for opportunities • change status quo • Inspiring a shared vision • imagine the ideal situation • Enabling others to act • foster cooperation • modeling the way • Encouraging the heart to begin the journey

  4. The Professional Development Focus • Curriculum-Implementation-Data Analyses • Theory • Modeling and demonstration • Low-risk feedback loops • Modification • Evaluation of curriculum impact

  5. State of the Nation • Annual testing in the US • Texas: the tail that wags the dog • The Real Agenda: The STEMs • Science,Technology,Engineering,Mathematics • Social Studies

  6. Recent Headlines and Quotes • More than half of California 9th Graders Flunk Exit Exam, Education Week • “It will take at least ten years to reach proficiency for all learners”NCLB • “adequate yearly progress” NCLB • Reading is the New Requisite for MathEducation Week

  7. How we can help? • Prepare for early success • Prevent learners from falling behind • Intervene for below level learners • Challenge above grade level learners

  8. The Model • Rigorous state Standards that raise expectations Curriculum and benchmarks aligned to state standards • Quality, on-going professional development for teachers who support and teach reading • Resources to support new instructional strategies and classroom management strategies • Informal classroom diagnostic assessment for reading and growth • Maximizing Federal Dollars (Title 1) to buy more TIME • STATE TEST ALIGNED to STANDARDS

  9. The 3 BIG Instructional Strategies • Lesson Design • Content alignment: vertical and horizontal teaming • Assessment driving instruction • Classroom Management • Instruction in terms of minutes • Collaboration • Whole class, small group, think-pair-share, indep. • Literacy-a new expectation for ALL learners • Interactive learning • What the brain likes • Reading for MATH

  10. The Challenge • 37% of all 8th graders scored below Basic on the NAEP • After third grade, the achievement gap with minority, second language, and low-income learners widens substantially • The prospect of exit exams yields an increase in drop-outs

  11. The goal of the teacher is to create an environment that allows every reader to move as quickly as possible to grade level, content area reading without selling-out and just attempting to teach to the test. What immediate steps will ensure growth… we’re looking for growth!

  12. You Can’t Tutor What Hasn’tBeen Taught • You can’t tutor what hasn’t been taught • You can’t tutor what hasn’t been taught • You can’t tutor what hasn’t been taught • You can’t tutor what hasn’t been taught • You can’t tutor what hasn’t been taught • You can’t tutor what hasn’t been taught • You can’t tutor what hasn’t been taught

  13. Three Flavors of Assessment • Formal = External Reporting • Scorekeeping • Broad data for identifying specific populations • Program evaluation and budget indicators • Informal Assessment =Internal Reporting • Intervention: Do something differently, immediately (STOP Spray and Pray!) • Progress monitoring over time for individual students • Data used to plan “next move” for instruction • Getting a Grade =Comfort the troubled, trouble the comfortable • Public relations • A,B,C,D,F: Coin of the realm

  14. The Challenge After third grade, the achievement gap with minority, second language, and low-income learners widens substantially • Incomplete beginning reading instruction • Serious vocabulary deficit • Very limited knowledge of text structure

  15. Text Structures

  16. Language Arts

  17. Language Arts • Whose woods these are I think I know: his house is in the village, though. He will not mind me stopping here to watch his woods fill up with snow. My little horse must think it queer to stop without a farmhouse near. He gives his harness bells a shake, to ask if there is some mistake.The only other sound’s the sweep of easy wind and downy flake. The woods are lovely dark and deep,but I have promises to keep…and miles to go before I sleep. And miles to go before I sleep. • Pronouns, demonstrative adjectives

  18. Science

  19. Science • The Hall-Heroult process is essentially the electrolytic decomposition of purified bauxite. In a cell made of iron, a solution of Al2O3 in molten cryolite, Na3AlF6, conducts the current. • Procedural words, ordinals, first, then, next, etc.

  20. Social Studies 8

  21. TAKS Question • Compare the funding of Jefferson’s Lewis and Clark expedition and that of Ferdinand and Isabella funding for Columbus’ voyage to the New World.

  22. Social Studies/History • Although The Confederacy represented the Southern states, its army attacked Gettysburg from the North. The Confederate Generals, having spent a tough winter and spring in the Shenandoah Valley, were desperate for supplies, particularly shoes. Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, a farming and shoe manufacturing community would hopefully provide the much needed supplies. • Subordinating conjunctions: since, while, because, although, yet, if, as if, however, etc.

  23. Math

  24. Math • The architect and contractor were conferring over the blueprints of the new ten story parking garage. It needed to be ten floors and have space for compact cars. Each floor required twenty-two “I” beams, plus one additional beam for each additional floor after the first. Determine the number of “I” beams and show a possible structural configuration.

  25. Math Research • Embed in real world:make it engaging, generating more questions • Create a language rich classroom • Justifying, generalizations, highly verbal, highly visual students • Draw pictures, create mental images, foster visualization • Build from charts, graphs & tables- also, the misinterpretation of data • Don’t leave out measurement

  26. The three most important words for the struggling reader: • VOCABULARY • VOCABULARY • VOCABULARY • Words-words-words-words-words-words-words-words-words-words-words-words-words-words-words-words-words-words-words-words-you get it!!!!

  27. Registers of Language –R. Payne • Frozen: Language that is always the same • Formal: Standard sentence syntax of work and school. • Consultative: Formal register when used with conversation. Discourse patterns slightly less formal. • Casual: Language between friends: 400-800 word vocabulary. Non-specific word-choice; non-verbal assists determine meaning. Sentence syntax often incomplete. • Intimate: Language between lovers or twins. The language of sexual harassment.

  28. Vocabulary Instruction • Concept vocabulary • Big idea words: attrition, populism, hypothesis • Context vocabulary • Words that have multiple meanings: economy, mine, elements, book, state, set, case • Vocabulary structure • Words with recognizable Latin cognates: migratory, revolt, spectator • Jim Cummins-Word Harvesting

  29. What Words to TeachBringing Words to Life—ROBUST Vocabulary InstructionIsabel Beck ,Nancy MacKowen First tier wordsWords that you wish students knew, hope they can get, but you don’t have time to teach. Second tier wordsHigh utility words that they need to know in your class, and everyone else’s. Third tier wordsExtremely specific words in your content area that require considered and deliberate and in depth instruction

  30. Let’s Demystify Reading

  31. Three Muscles: • Early Language Experience • Phonemic awareness and concept development • Vocabulary, academic language and alphabetic principle • Decoding muscle • Three ways of getting meaning off the page • (1)phonics…primary decoding strategy • (2)semantics and vocabulary • (3) syntax and structure • Fluency muscle • Reads a lot of words fast w/ comprehension* • Class libraries of leveled or decodable text • Every day, every reader reading at a level of success of self-selected quality literature

  32. News Flash!!!!! • 26 letters and 44 sounds • 17 reliable letters, (letters that always sound the same) q,w,,t,p,d,f,h,j,k,l,z,x,v,n,m,b, • 4 that are switch hitters... s,g,c&r • 3 that are pests ...a,o,u • 3 that will make you CRAZY!!!!…i,e,y • Double vowels: oa, oo, ee, ea, oi, ou, au • Blends: ch, sh, wh, st,str, pl, sl, fl, gl, cl, bl, kl,cr,scr,

  33. Vocabulary and Phonics • stench ap-pal-ling • de-hu-man-ize intro-spec-tion • in-e-qui-ty el-e-ments • cru-el-ty re-a-li-ty in-hu-man-i-ty • in-hu-man col-lab-o-ra-tion • e-con-o-my hur-dle • shame re-con-struc-tion • em-path-y mine

  34. Teaching Word Attack (phonics) in Science • Con-ser-va-tion bun-dle • Ac-cel-er-a-tion state • Force base • Mass mol-e-cule • Grav-i-ta-tion-al force gas-e-ous • Ter-min-al vel-o-city • Grav-i-ta-tion-al at-trac-tion • Mo-men-tum

  35. anthropologically An-thro-po-log-i-cal-ly

  36. australopithecine Aus-tra-lo-pith-e-cine

  37. Definition of Comprehension • Comprehension is defined as: • “intentional thinking during which meaning is constructed through interactions between the text and the reader” (Harris & Hodges,1995)

  38. Clarifying Comparing and contrasting Connecting to prior experiences Inferencing (including generalizing and drawing conclusions) Predicting Questioning the text Recognizing the author’s purpose Seeing causal relationships Summarizing visualizing STRATEGIES

  39. …an excerpt • Draped for the formal unveiling May 31 – with only an insouciant topknot and Horton The Elephant’s trunk peeking out – the sculptures frolic on the wide green linking the city library and its four museums that gave wing to the author’s imagination.--

  40. Struggling Older Reader • Incomplete beginning reading instruction • Lacks metacognitive strategies • Limited prior knowledge • Limited word study skills and spelling • No text available at level of success • No adults modeling reading • No history of reading success

  41. Five Keys to No Child Left Behind • Vertical team study of pre-k-4 reading curriculum with evidence of student work • Phonemic Awareness &Phonics training for pre-k through 5rd grade teachers • Vocabulary instruction training geared more toward “word harvest” • Ready availability of compelling leveled text with conditional assessment • Classroom management strategies that provide intensity and focus for below level readers

  42. Process for Leadership • Challenge the process • search for opportunities • change status quo • Inspiring a shared vision • imagine the ideal situation • Enabling others to act • foster cooperation • modeling the way • Encouraging the heart to begin the journey

  43. The Old Syllable-the part of a word controlled by a vowel- In English, there are 6 types • Syllable that is a single letter, single vowel, as in a-bout, i-dent-i-fy, e-lec-tric, a-vail-a-ble • Syllable ending in vowel, as in cru-el-ty, • Syllable ending in a consonant, as in al-co-hol, con-su-mer, ath-lete Syllable ending in -tion-sion, as in in-tro-duc-tion • Syllable ending in -le, as in tin-gle, pic-kle, bi-cy-cle • Syllable ending with a vowel, consonant, silent “e”, as in shame, dime, kite, mon-o-tone, val-en-tine • O-le • Que-so • Cam-e-ro-nes

  44. Teaching Comprehension Directly • Monitor the use of the strategy • Offer less coaching as less is called for • Ask what strategy they are using & why, therefore bringing the strategy to the student’s awareness • Give students continued opportunity to observe more modeling • Provide multiple and ongoing opportunities for students to interact w/other using a variety of text

  45. How do I teach those strategies? • Decide which strategy you want to model and which text to use • Tell your students which strategy you are going to practice while you read • Read the passage to the students modeling the strategy you are using..think aloud • During real reading, give your students multiple chances to practice • Continue modeling as the genre or text structure changes • Give students a chance to practice without your coaching or support

  46. Recent Headlines and Quotes • More than half of California 9th Graders Flunk Exit Exam, Education Week • “It will take at least ten years to reach proficiency for all learners”NCLB • “adequate yearly progress” President Bush • Still Leaving Children Behind Krista Kafta, Heritage Foundation • Reading is the New Requisite for MathEducation Week

  47. Grammar IS Syntax • The power the lowly preposition • The power of the subordinating conjunction

  48. Persuasive • State opinion • Support with clear evidence or examples • Personalize • Appeal to the emotions • Graphic imagery • Structured argument • All to action

  49. Phoneme Isolation • Children recognize individual sounds in a word. • Teacher: • What is the first sound in van? • Children: • The first sound in van is /v/.

  50. Phoneme Identity • Children recognize the same sounds in different words. • Teacher: • What sound is the same in fix, fall, and fun? • Children: • The first sound, /f/, is the same.