Research Based Instruction in Reading. Polly Bayrd, MA, LP. Best Practices for Mainstream Modifications for the LD Population. v. Reading is the key …. To all school based learning To general knowledge, spelling, writing abilities and vocabulary To love of learning
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Polly Bayrd, MA, LP
Best Practices for Mainstream
Modifications for the LD Population
Specific, directed, individualized, intensive
Less fluentreaders must focus their attention primarily on decoding and accessing the meaning of individual words. Therefore, they have little attention left for comprehending the text.Why Fluency is Important
If you don’t ride your bike
fast enough, you fall off.
1. Independent Reading Level. Easy reading. (95% word accuracy)
2. Instructional Reading Level. Challenging but manageable for the reader. (90% word accuracy).
3. Frustration Reading Level. This is too hard for the reader. (less than 90% word accuracy)
Disfluent readers tend to read in a monotonous and choppy fashion with little or no expression and their phrasing is either word by word or involves awkward groupingofwords.
Fluent readers, on the other hand, integrate pitch, emphasis, and the appropriate use of phrasing in their reading. This occurs only as readers become aware of the connection between written and oral language. This indicates their understanding of what they have read.
CLICKS“This makes sense.”
“Am I remembering what I am reading?”