Why do a tmdl implementation plan for big otter watershed
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Why do a TMDL Implementation Plan for Big Otter Watershed?. What is a TMDL?. Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) is a term used to describe the amount of pollution a stream can receive and still meet Water Quality Standards.

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What is a tmdl
What is a TMDL?

  • Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) is a term used to describe the amount of pollution a stream can receive and still meet Water Quality Standards.

    • Identify all sources of pollution contributing to violation of water quality standards.

    • Calculate the amount of pollutants entering the stream from each source.

    • Calculate the reductions in pollutants, by source, needed to attain/maintain water quality standards.

Total maximum daily loads tmdls are mandated by law
Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) are Mandated by Law

  • Federal 1972 Clean Water Act requires

    • Water Quality Monitoring

    • Periodic Assessment and Impaired Waters Listing

    • Develop TMDLs for Impaired Waters

  • Virginia’s 1997 Water Quality Monitoring

  • Information and Restoration Act (WQMIRA)

  • requires

    • TMDLs for Impaired Waters

    • An Implementation Plan

  • 1999 Consent Degree with EPA to develop

  • TMDL Reports for all 1998 listed streams by

  • 2010

Tmdl 3 part process
TMDL- 3 Part Process: by Law

  • TMDL development

  • Implementation Plan development

  • Implement the plan

Steps after epa approval
Steps after EPA Approval by Law

  • Develop Implementation Plans

  • Continue targeted Best Management Practices

  • Continue stream monitoring: DEQ, Citizen Monitoring

Steps between epa approval and implementation plan start up
Steps between EPA Approval and Implementation Plan Start-up

  • Interim period between TMDL approval and Implementation Plan development

    • Promote implementation of Best Management Practices (BMPs)

    • Initiate educational outreach activities

    • Establish organizational framework for the Implementation Plan development

    • Identify and seek funding opportunities (i.e., grants)

Implementation plan development

Implementation Plan development is required by state legislation (WQMIRA, 1997)

DCR has lead for NPS TMDL implementation plans

DCR, DEQ, and other state, federal and local agencies will support plan development

Implementation Plan Development

Implementation plan development1
Implementation Plan Development legislation (WQMIRA, 1997)

  • Implementation Plan will be done locally

  • Stakeholders will have the opportunity to participate in the plan development

    • Steering Committee, Working Groups

    • Public meetings

  • Guidance Manual for Total Maximum Daily Load Implementation Plans


Integration with other watershed plans
Integration with other Watershed Plans legislation (WQMIRA, 1997)

  • Multiple water quality programs and activities may be underway in individual watersheds

  • Each plan has specific geographical boundaries and goals

  • TMDL implementation will be coordinated with other water quality plans such as:

    • Watershed / Conservation Roundtables

    • Local Comprehensive Plans

Potential funding ource
Potential Funding legislation (WQMIRA, 1997)$ource$

  • Potential funding sources for best management practices (BMPs) selected during Implementation Plan development:

    • USDA Programs - CREP/EQIP

    • WQIA projects

    • Section 319 Funds

    • State Revolving Loan Funds

    • Cost-Share Program

    • Tax Credits

Tmdl 3 part process1
TMDL- 3 Part Process: legislation (WQMIRA, 1997)

  • TMDL development

  • Implementation Plan development

  • Implement the plan

Status of implementation plan development in virginia
Status of Implementation Plan Development in Virginia legislation (WQMIRA, 1997)

  • 9 IPs are completed, 7 are currently being implemented

  • 8 additional IPs are under development

  • 2 additional IPs are in start-up phase

  • 48 stream segments will be improved with IPs to be completed by early 2006

Status of big otter tmdl
Status of Big Otter TMDL legislation (WQMIRA, 1997)

  • DEQ public meetings were held on:

    • March 16, 2000

    • April 25, 2000

    • May 23, 2000

    • The draft TMDL report was presented to the public on August 2, 2000

  • Approved by EPA February 2, 2001

  • Approved by State Water Control Board (SWCB) June 17, 2004

Status of big otter tmdl implementation plan development
Status of Big Otter TMDL Implementation Plan Development

  • Informational meetings were held on:

    • September 9, 2004 in Bedford County

    • November 1, 2004 in Campbell County

    • Jason Ericson (DCR) met with the Campbell County Board of Supervisors on December 6, 2004

Why do a tmdl implementation plan ip
Why do a TMDL Implementation Plan(IP)? Development

  • The implementation plan will open the door to funding that can fund technical assistance and the implementation of Agricultural and Urban BMPs through an implementation project once the plan is completed and approved.

  • The ultimate goal of the Implementation plan is improving water quality through a cooperative partnership in the Big Otter Watershed.

TMDL Implementation Plan Development Big Otter Watershed Development

First Public Meeting

May 19, 2005

Objectives Development

  • Description of watershed

  • Overview of bacteria source characterization

  • Overview of TMDL development and Allocation Scenarios

  • Description of TMDL Implementation Plan development process

Tmdl implementation plan
TMDL Implementation Plan Development

Implementation Guidance Manual

  • Document that details actions or strategies that must be undertaken to achieve load reductions to ensure that water quality standards are met.


Landuse distribution percent of total area
Landuse Distribution Development(Percent of Total Area)

1998 and 2004 bacterial impairments
1998 and 2004 Bacterial Impairments Development

*note that the Buffalo Creek impairment is listed as an extension of the Big Otter River

Percent of samples exceeding water quality standard
Percent of Samples Exceeding DevelopmentWater Quality Standard

Wildlife Development







Humans and Pets

Sources and Distribution of Bacteria

Estimates Development




Expert Group










Bacteria Source Characterization

Linking sources to water quality

MODEL Development


• Runoff

  • Bacteria load

Linking sources to water quality


  • Soils

  • Weather

  • Land-use

  • Pollutant sources

Models are used to predict how watersheds respond and to evaluate pollutant reduction options

Die-off Development






Fate and Transport of Bacteria: Livestock




Fate and Transport of Bacteria: Wildlife Development









Fate and Transport of Bacteria: Development

Humans and Pets

Failing Septic System


Straight Pipe



Bacteria load allocation
Bacteria Load Allocation Development

  • Identify reductions from existing sources to meet water quality standards

  • Consider all sources

    • Direct contributions

      • Permitted point sources

      • Animals in the stream

    • Indirect contributions

      • Septic systems

      • Cropland

      • Pasture

      • Residential/Urban

Allocation scenarios
Allocation Scenarios Development

TMDL Allocation Scenarios

Phase 1 Allocation Scenarios

Components of a tmdl ip
Components of a TMDL IP Development

  • Corrective Actions

  • Cost/Benefit Analysis

  • Measurable Goals and Milestones

  • Timeline to achieve water quality objectives

  • Public participation

Corrective actions bmps
Corrective Actions – BMPs Development

  • Assess needs

    • TMDL allocations

    • Identify best management practices (BMPs) both existing/potential

  • Spatial analysis

  • Define resources/constraints

    • financial, time, staff, social…

  • Phased approach (targeting)

    • Spatial analysis/modeling

    • Most bang for the buck

Courtesy VA Department of Conservation and Recreation

Targeting example
Targeting Example Development

100 beef livestock

Cost benefit analysis
Cost/Benefit Analysis Development

  • Assess cost for phased/full implementation

  • Evaluate environmental benefit

  • Identify/evaluate economic benefits of implementation

  • Identify funding sources

Source: VADCR Blackwater River TMDL Implementation Plan

Measurable goals timeline
Measurable Goals/Timeline Development

  • Implementation milestones – stakeholders

  • Interim water quality goals – modeling

  • 5 – 10 year time frame to meet water quality standard


Public participation
Public Participation Development

  • Public Meetings

    • Informational

    • Solicit public participation

    • Provide a forum for public comment

  • Steering Committee

    • Direct the overall process

    • Review output from working groups

    • Review future implementation

  • Working groups

    • Address “community” issues/concerns

Public meetings

Public Notice Development

indicates contamination fro

m fecal matter. As a result o

f this listing and court a

ca Total Maximum Daily Load (TM

completed to d

ater quali in these streams.

The TMDL study indicated that

the reductio

ns needed were:


100% reduction in loads

0-10% reduction in.

Public Meetings

  • Outreach/notification

    • Mailings, newspapers articles, radio, flyers

  • Two Public meetings

    • May, 2005

    • January, 2006

  • Public comment period (30 days)

Working groups
Working Groups Development

  • Include:

    • Agriculture

    • Urban/Residential

    • Government

    • Others?

  • Meet

    • 1-2 times each

    • Summer – Early Fall 2005

Agricultural working group
Agricultural Working Group Development

  • Responsibilities:

    • Identify potential constraints to implementation

    • Identify alternative funding sources/partnerships

    • Review implementation strategies from an agricultural perspective

    • Identify outreach methods for engaging producers

Urban residential working group
Urban/Residential Working Group Development

  • Responsibilties

    • Identify possible constraints to implementation

    • Identify methods of outreach to homeowners sewage problems

    • Identify alternative funding sources/partnerships

    • Review implementation strategies from a homeowner’s perspective

Government working group
Government Working Group Development

  • Responsibilities:

    • Identify funding sources

    • Identify available technical resources

    • Identify appropriate “measurable” goals and timelines

    • Identify existing applicable regulatory controls

    • Identify potential parties to be responsible for implementation

Tmdl implementation plan schedule
TMDL Implementation Plan Schedule Development

  • May 2005: First public meeting

  • June – Sept. 2005: Working Groups/Steering

    Committee meet as needed

  • December 2005: Complete draft Big Otter TMDL IP

  • January 2006: Final public meeting

  • March 2006: Begin implementation

Steering committee
Steering Committee Development

  • Includes:

    • DCR, DEQ, Working Group Representatives, NRCS, Dept. of Health, local govt., SWCD, Stakeholders

  • Meet: 2-3 meetings during plan development

  • Responsibilities

    • Review technical data

    • Assess input form working groups

    • Address community concerns/suggestions

    • Guide the process

      • Are we getting “representative” inputs?

      • How can the process be improved?

Opportunity to participate
Opportunity to participate Development

  • The development of the Implementation Plan should be a cooperative endeavor that attains consensus.

  • All stakeholders will have opportunities to participate through “working groups” and/or the steering committee.


Contacts Development

Theresa Carter, Department of Conservation and Recreation

voice: 276.676.5527

e-mail: [email protected]

Jason Hill, Department of Environmental Quality

Voice: 540.562.6724

e-mail: [email protected]

Brian Benham, Virginia Tech

voice: 540.231.5705

e-mail: [email protected]