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- Warm Up: Images Notes on Legacy of War Closing Activity: Quotes Review. Political Changes. Power of the Federal Gov’t is supreme More powerful than local govt. – no more possible succession. extension of federal powers New paper currency, taxation on private income, draft.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

- Warm Up: Images

  • Notes on Legacy of War
  • Closing Activity: Quotes
  • Review
slide6

Political Changes

  • Power of the Federal Gov’tis supreme
    • More powerful than local govt. – no more possible succession.
  • extension of federal powers
    • New paper currency, taxation on private income, draft.
  • income taxes first used
  • citizens drafted into service
  • civil liberties suppressed
    • Habeus Corpus
slide7

Economic Changes

  • growth of war related industries
    • Sale of war industries supplies = profits to invest post-war
  • Northern industry grew stronger
    • Non-war – Agriculture Products such as the reaper were huge during war.
  • southern economy is destroyed
    • must be rebuilt
    • Takes South’s source of cheap labor
    • 40% of livestock gone
    • Destroyed machinery & railroads – land uncultivated
slide8

Costs of War

  • Deaths
    • 360,000 Union
    • 260,000 Conf.
  • 1/2 million wounded
    • Veterans missing limbs – amputated
  • about 20 billion $
    • 5 times the amount spent in 80 years
      • w/ interest & pensions
    • 3.3 billion – 2x the amount spent in 80 years after the war.
slide9

Warfare Changes

-new weapons

rifles

mini ball

trench warfare

grenades

submarine

iron-clad ships

Monitor

Merrimack

slide10

Lives Change

  • -13th Amendment
  • bans slavery
    • ratified by 27 states by 1865
  • soldiers return to their homes
    • Some return to farms, while others escape to cities-restless for opportunity
  • urban population grows
  • many move west
    • Opportunity to start over
  • many families destroyed by deaths of soldiers
    • Not sure what to do when male family members don’t come back.
slide11

Lincoln’s Assassination

  • Lincoln’s Plan
    • forgiving peace to restore the Union
      • Individuals, not states, rebelled so it would be quick to rejoin the Union.
  • At Ford’s Theatre just 5 days after the war’s end
    • Unguarded at theater
  • John Wilkes Booth
    • Assassin – 26 y/o – shot Lincoln, fell on to stage, broke leg & hobbled off
  • First assassination of a President
slide12

Lincoln’s Assassination

  • Lincoln’s Plan
    • forgiving peace to restore the Union
      • Individuals, not states, rebelled so it would be quick to rejoin the Union.
  • At Ford’s Theatre just 5 days after the war’s end
    • Unguarded at theater
  • John Wilkes Booth
    • Assassin – 26 y/o – shot Lincoln, fell on to stage, broke leg & hobbled off
  • First assassination of a President
slide13

Lincoln’s Assassination

  • Lincoln’s Plan
    • forgiving peace to restore the Union
      • Individuals, not states, rebelled so it would be quick to rejoin the Union.
  • At Ford’s Theatre just 5 days after the war’s end
    • Unguarded at theater
  • John Wilkes Booth
    • Assassin – 26 y/o – shot Lincoln, fell on to stage, broke leg & hobbled off
  • First assassination of a President
quotes
Quotes
  • “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States.”
    • 13th Amendment to the Constitution
  • “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States.”
    • 13th Amendment to the Constitution
  • “With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation's wounds”
    • President Lincoln, 1865