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Warm Up: Images Notes on: Imperialism Begins Closing Activity: Quotes Review. Isolationism. -stay out of foreign affairs -Washington’s advice -had been policy of government Will end with growing imperialism in European market. Imperialism. -Policy of taking colonies for economic interests

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Presentation Transcript
slide6

Isolationism

-stay out of foreign affairs

-Washington’s advice

-had been policy of government

Will end with growing imperialism in European market

slide7

Imperialism

-Policy of taking colonies for economic interests

Intention of economics, political, or military control

-other world powers were building empires

-jingoism

Threats or use of force against another country in order to safeguard what they perceive as national interests

slide8

Imperialism

-U.S. also needed new markets for our products

-spheres of influence

Indirect influence of culture, economics, military, and/or political domination. Can develop into satellite states or colonies.

We will expand our spheres of influence due to: exhibiting military strength, finding new markets, and assumed cultural superiority

slide9

Imperialism

-Policy of taking colonies for economic interests

-other world powers were building empires

-jingoism

-U.S. also needed new markets for our products

-spheres of influence

slide10

Building an Empire

-Alaska, 1867

Seward’s Folly

Purchased from Russia

7.2 mil – 1959 statehood – rich in timber, minerals, and oil

-Hawaii, 1898

overthrew the Queen of Hawaii

Started as a location for sugar crops – started to switch toward annexation w/ McKinley Tariff of 1890

slide11

Building an Empire

-Alfred Mahan

“Influence of Sea Power upon History”

discussed need for strong Navy

Convinced the govt. to build 9 steel-hulled cruisers, and 2 battleships. Creates the 3rd largest naval power in the world

slide12

Spanish-American

-Spanish rule of Cuba

Would rather have Cuba disappear into the sea, than let the United States buy it

-Spanish ruled harshly

Tightens regulations on Cuba

slide13

Spanish-American

-yellow journalism

Sensational style of writing that is meant to exaggerate news to lure and enrage readers

-De Lome letter

Spanish Minister of U.S. – called President McKinley weak and a bidder for the administration

-U.S. sends ship to observe

Remove citizens in danger and to protect American property

slide14

Spanish-American

-USS Maine explodes in Havana

260+ men killed – explosion blamed on Spain (still not determined to this day why it exploded)

-”Remember the Maine”

Rally cry for the United States intervention in Cuba

slide15

Spanish-American

-Spanish rule of Cuba

-Spanish ruled harshly

-yellow journalism

-De Lome letter

-U.S. sends ship to observe

-USS Maine explodes in Havana

-”Remember the Maine”

slide16

Spanish-American

-Spanish rule of Cuba

-Spanish ruled harshly

-yellow journalism

-De Lome letter

-U.S. sends ship to observe

-USS Maine explodes in Havana

-”Remember the Maine”

slide17

Philippines

-U.S. attacks Spanish colony when war starts

-George Dewey captures the islands

Orders open fire on Spanish fleet at Manila

-Why did we capture the Philippines???

To demonstrate the superiority of U.S. naval forces

slide18

Philippines

-Imperialistic Foreign Policy

-jingoismintimidation with occassional use of force

-Josiah Strong

Promote domestic missionary activity and provides religious justification for imperialism

-Anti-Imperialistic Feelings

-Anti-Imperialist League

-Andrew Carnegie

Wrong to rule other people without their consent – moral, economic, political, etc.

slide19

Fighting in Cuba

-Cuba will be independent

June 1898 – 17,000 soldiers

-Rough Riders – volunteer cavalry

Theodore Roosevelt – cleared the way for infantry

San Juan Hill

Strategically important location

slide20

Fighting in Cuba

-”Splendid Little War”

Cuba is free

August 12 – 16 weeks of fighting

-Treaty of Paris, 1898

Puerto Rico is part of U.S.

U.S. buys Philippines

December – Makes an American empire – Cuba, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines.

slide21

“The Hawaiian pear is now ripe, and this is the golden hour…to pluck it.” John Stevens, US Ambassador

  • “Fate has written our policy for us; the trade of the world must and shall be ours…We will establish trading-posts throughout the world as distributing points for American products.” Senator Albert Beveridge
  • “No man’s life, no man’s property is safe in Cuba…Cuba will soon be a wilderness of blackened ruin…Is there no nation wise enough, brave enough to aid this blood-smitten land?” James Creelman for New York World, 1896
  • “Libre Cuba” Popular Cuban slogan
  • “You furnish the pictures, I’ll furnish the war.” William Randolph Hearst to illustrator Frederick Remington in Cuba
slide28

This US vessel exploded in the harbor of Havana while on an investigative tour of Spanish held Cuba?

slide30

This new foreign policy centered on the idea of establishing colonies around the world to increase trade?