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Woodrow Wilson Declaration of War Message. Power point created by Robert Martinez Primary Content Source: Speaking of America: Vol. II: Since 1865, Laura A. Belmonte. nhs.needham.k12.ma.us. When war erupted in Europe during the summer of 1914, few Americans were eager to participate.

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woodrow wilson declaration of war message

Woodrow WilsonDeclaration of War Message

Power point created by Robert Martinez

Primary Content Source: Speaking of America: Vol. II: Since 1865, Laura A. Belmonte

nhs.needham.k12.ma.us

slide2
When war erupted in Europe during the summer of 1914, few Americans were eager to participate.

http://www.flickr.com/photos/65817306@N00/62819212/

slide3
President Woodrow Wilson declared the United States neutral “in thought as well as in action.” But maintaining neutrality proved quite difficult.

http://sky.prohosting.com/tinman4u/interests.htm

slide4
Powerful cultural and family ties connected many Americans to Great Britain.

Tower Bridge in London.

http://www.flickr.com/photos/biluu_72/2291537475/

slide5
Economists and industrialists viewed European trade as the key to boosting a slow economy.

http://www.ampneycrucis.f9.co.uk/Ships1920s/photoindex.htm

slide6
At the same time, millions of Americans of German or Irish descent felt no affinity (love) for the British.

German Immigrants

http://www.flickr.com/photos/idswart/138360714/

slide7
Pacifists, Progressives, and Socialists opposed war on moral grounds and feared that U.S. entry into the conflict would end social reforms at home.

Socialist presidential candidate - Eugene Debs

http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sociopolitica/esp_sociopol_fed06d.htm

slide8
Although Americans remained divided in their opinions of the war, the desire for expanded international trade and a bias against the Central Powers soon drew the United States into the conflict.

http://www.flickr.com/photos/waterclock/318923102/

slide9
German U-boat attacks, especially the sinking of the Lusitania with many Americans onboard, generated popular demands for vengeance.

http://flatrock.org.nz/topics/history/plan_for_quick_victory.htm

slide10
At first, the Wilson administration persuaded the Germans to suspend unrestricted submarine warfare against ships traveling to Great Britain.

http://www.dutchsubmarines.com/pictures/pictures_m1_1910s_1920s.htm

slide12
Within months, desperation compelled the Germans to resume unrestricted submarine attacks.

http://www.gwpda.org/photos/seashipc.htm

slide13
Convinced that U.S. involvement in the war could ensure a “peace without victory,” Wilson asked Congress for a declaration of war on April 2, 1917.

http://www.vw.vccs.edu/vwhansd/HIS122/Lectures2.html

slide14
“The present German submarine warfare against commerce is a warfare against mankind. It is a war of all nations. American ships have been sunk.”

http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blperiscope.htm

slide15
“Our motive will not be revenge or the victorious assertion…but only the vindication of right…”

http://www.shahbazi.org/pages/bushfamily2.htm

slide16
“I advise that the Congress… exert all its power and employ all its resources to bring the Government of the German Empire to terms and end the war…”

http://www.worldwar1.com/tripwire/smtw.htm

slide17
“Neutrality is no longer feasible… The world must be made safe for democracy.”

http://www.militaryspecialtiesinc.com/web/Books/ww1Hist&Memoirs/ArmyBoysOnGermanSoil.htm