Woodrow Wilson Brenna Moore
Early Life of Woodrow Wilson • Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was the 28th president of the united statesfrom 1913 to 1921. He was also a leader of the Progressive Movement, and served as President of Princeton University from 1902 to 1910, and then as the Governor of New Jersey from 1911-1913, as well as US Secretary of Agriculture, from 1903 until death.
Early Life of Woodrow Wilson Extended • On June 24, 1885, Ellen Louise Axson and Woodrow Wilson got married. They had 3 daughters – Margaret, Jessie and Eleanor. On December 18, 1915, Wilson got married with Edith Galt after the death of Ellen in 1914, his first wife. Wilson is one of three former presidents of the United States to become a widow while serving in the White House.
Wilson’s Early Political Life • Woodrow Wilson was inaugurated as the 28th president of the United States on March 4, 1913. The new president's inauguration was marked by a huge parade for women’s suffrage the day before, upon his arrival in Washington, D.C. The 19th Amendment, extending voting rights to women, was passed during Wilson's second term, on August 18, 1920.
What Wilson Founded • League of Nations, Federal Reserve System, Federal Trade Commission, Committee on Public Information , War Industries Board, U.S. National Park Service, National War Labor Board, Chatham House, National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, Council of National Defense. • One of the most noted committees Wilson founded is the League of Nations. The League of nations was an intergovernmental organization that ended the First World War. It was the first international organization whose main goal was to maintain world peace.
Woodrow Wilson's 14 Points • 1. No more secret agreements ("Open covenants openly arrived at"). • 2. Free navigation of all seas. • 3. An end to all economic barriers between countries. • 4. Countries to reduce weapon numbers. • 5. All decisions regarding the colonies should be impartial • 6. The German Army is to be removed from Russia. Russia should be left to develop • her own political set-up. • 7. Belgium should be independent like before the war. • 8. France should be fully liberated and allowed to recover Alsace-Lorraine • 9. All Italians are to be allowed to live in Italy. Italy's borders are to "along • clearly recognizable lines of nationality." • 10. Self-determination should be allowed for all those living in Austria-Hungary. • 11. Self-determination and guarantees of independence should be allowed for • the Balkan states. • 12. The Turkish people should be governed by the Turkish government. Non-Turks in • the old Turkish Empire should govern themselves. • 13. An independent Poland should be created which should have access to the sea. • 14. A League of Nations should be set up to guarantee the political and territorial • independence of all states Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen points outlined his view on World Peace, which was declined in the end.
Wilson and WW1 • At the outbreak of World War I in Europe on July 26, 1914, Wilson declared America neutral, believing that "to fight, you must be brutal and ruthless, and the spirit of ruthless brutality will enter into the very fiber of our national life"—producing a second campaign slogan: "He kept us out of war." Wilson tried to dispense a peace protocol to Great Britain along with the money and munitions they asked for, but was rebuffed. He finally asked Congress to declare war in April 1917, when Germany repeatedly ignored U.S. neutrality and sunk American ships.
Wilson and WW1 extended • "What I am interested in is having the government of the United States more concerned about human rights than about property rights," he declared. Convinced that strong executive leadership was necessary for progress, he went further than any other president in forcing his wishes on Congress.
Conclusion • After leaving office in 1921, the Wilsons moved to a home in northwest Washington, D.C., where Woodrow Wilson died at the age of 67, on February 3, 1924. He was buried in the Washington National Cathedral. • Wilson was driven by a sense of mission and an ideal his father had instilled in him, to leave the world a better place than you found it. His legacy of peace, social and financial reform, and statesmanship with integrity lives on at the many schools and programs named after him, most notably the Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation and his old alma mater, Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs.
Sources • Images.rarenewsppr.com/woodrow-wilson • www.biography.com • totallyhistory.com/woodrow-wilson