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CHAPTER 3. Ancient Indian Civilizations. Section 1: Indus River Valley Section 2: Indo-Aryan Migrants Section 3: Hinduism and Buddhism Section 4: Ancient Indian Dynasties Section 5: Ancient Indian Life and Culture. Section 1:. Indus River Valley. Objectives:.

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ancient indian civilizations

CHAPTER 3

Ancient Indian Civilizations

Section 1: Indus River Valley

Section 2: Indo-Aryan Migrants

Section 3: Hinduism and Buddhism

Section 4: Ancient Indian Dynasties

Section 5: Ancient Indian Life and Culture

objectives

Section 1:

Indus River Valley

Objectives:
  • Examine the role geography and climate played in the settlement of the Indian subcontinent.
  • Investigate how people in the first Indus River valley civilization lived.
the importance of geography and climate

Section 1:

Indus River Valley

The Importance of Geography and Climate
  • Physical geography – Himalayas, Ganges River, Indus River
  • The climate – monsoons and high temperatures
early civilization in the indus

Section 1:

Indus River Valley

Early Civilization in the Indus
  • River valley
  • Large, carefully planned cities
  • Facilities for storage and distribution of surplus food
objectives1

Section 2:

Indo-Aryan Migrants

Objectives:
  • Explain how life in northern India changed with the coming of the Indo-Aryans.
  • Identify the major contributions of the Indo-Aryans to ancient Indian society.
the nomadic indo aryans

Section 2:

Indo-Aryan Migrants

The Nomadic Indo-Aryans
  • The Vedic Age
  • Indo-Aryan religion – from nature
early indo aryan society

Section 2:

Indo-Aryan Migrants

Early Indo-Aryan Society
  • Indo-Aryan society – settled communities, marriage was important
  • The Indo-Aryan economy – barter
  • Southern India
section 3 objectives

Section 3:

Hinduism and Buddhism

Section 3: Objectives:
  • Describe the importance of religion in ancient Indian society.
  • Identify the principal elements of Hinduism.
  • Identify the basic beliefs of Buddhism.
the upanishads and the epics

Section 3:

Hinduism and Buddhism

The Upanishads and the Epics
  • Upanishads – written explanation of Vedic religion
  • Epics – long poems based on historical or religious themes
  • Bhagavad Gita
a changing society

Section 3:

Hinduism and Buddhism

A Changing Society
  • Caste system
  • Varnas – social classes
hinduism

Section 3:

Hinduism and Buddhism

Hinduism
  • Hindu beliefs – monism, reincarnation
  • Hindu religious practices – yoga, seasonal festivals
buddhism

Section 3:

Hinduism and Buddhism

Buddhism
  • The Buddha’s teachings – reincarnation, ethics, selflessness
  • The spread of Buddhism
objectives2

Section 4:

Ancient Indian Dynasties

Objectives:
  • Explain how the Mauryan rulers increased their power.
  • Examine the reasons for the decline of Gupta rule.
rise of the mauryan empire

Section 4:

Ancient Indian Dynasties

Rise of the Mauryan Empire
  • Chandragupta Maurya – powerful leader
  • Aśoka – great ruler, Buddhist
the gupta rulers

Section 4:

Ancient Indian Dynasties

The Gupta Rulers
  • Less centralized rule
  • Local leaders
  • Invaders from Asia
objectives3

Section 5:

Ancient Indian Life and Culture

Objectives:
  • Describe how women’s rights were limited in ancient Indian society.
  • Identify the most important achievements of the Gupta period.
economy and society

Section 5:

Ancient Indian Life and Culture

Economy and Society
  • Women were prohibited from owning property
  • Polygyny
cultural achievements

Section 5:

Ancient Indian Life and Culture

Cultural Achievements
  • Art and architecture
  • Education – Nalanda
  • Mathematics and astronomy – algebra, quadratic equations
  • Medicine – inoculation