ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS HEBREWS, BANTU, OLMECS, INDIANS AND CHINESE
This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-SA
3 divisions of Buddhism • Theravada- oldest branch- focus on meditation and becoming a monk or nun; up to individual to find their own path to enlightenment • Mahayana-do not need to become a monk; can rely on those who have attained enlightenment but have not passed on to Nirvana • Tibetan- meditation-study and readings—possible to achieve enlightenment in a single life
Judaism continued • Judges-early leaders of the Hebrew people • Kings-Saul, David and Solomon—united Israel before split • 12 Tribes of Israel- traditional organization of Hebrews since time of Exodus- would split into 10 tribes in north (Israel) 2 tribes in south (Judah) –root word for Jew • Jerusalem is the Holy city of Judaism—referred to as city of David– site of the holiest temple • With the split of the small country the Hebrews were more vulnerable to invasion by outside powers (Hebrews, Babylonians and later Persians, Greeks and Romans)
Silk road • Extensive trade route/network connecting China/ central Asia and the Mediterranean Sea area
Olmecs • 1200 BC in southern Mexico • Would have influence in the region and on other peoples • Would create trading empire in Mesoamerica • Empire would collapse around 400 BC why?