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ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

richard_edik
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ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS

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  1. ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS HEBREWS, BANTU, OLMECS, INDIANS AND CHINESE

  2. HINDUISM(religion which develops in India)

  3. This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-SA

  4. Four noble truths(Buddhism)

  5. 3 divisions of Buddhism • Theravada- oldest branch- focus on meditation and becoming a monk or nun; up to individual to find their own path to enlightenment • Mahayana-do not need to become a monk; can rely on those who have attained enlightenment but have not passed on to Nirvana • Tibetan- meditation-study and readings—possible to achieve enlightenment in a single life

  6. JUDAISM

  7. Judaism continued • Judges-early leaders of the Hebrew people • Kings-Saul, David and Solomon—united Israel before split • 12 Tribes of Israel- traditional organization of Hebrews since time of Exodus- would split into 10 tribes in north (Israel) 2 tribes in south (Judah) –root word for Jew • Jerusalem is the Holy city of Judaism—referred to as city of David– site of the holiest temple • With the split of the small country the Hebrews were more vulnerable to invasion by outside powers (Hebrews, Babylonians and later Persians, Greeks and Romans)

  8. Ramses of Egypt hanging Gardens

  9. Terms, Individuals ….Ancient Near East

  10. Confucius- Chinese philosopher who focused on social harmony and order

  11. CHINESE ETHICAL SYSTEMS

  12. Migration: Push and Pull factors(throughout history to today)

  13. Silk road • Extensive trade route/network connecting China/ central Asia and the Mediterranean Sea area

  14. mesoamerica

  15. Olmecs • 1200 BC in southern Mexico • Would have influence in the region and on other peoples • Would create trading empire in Mesoamerica • Empire would collapse around 400 BC why?