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Effective Writing at the Graduate Level: Research Paper Organization. Student Development Services Writing Support Centre UCC 210 www.sds.uwo.ca/writing. Layers of Effective Writing. Layer 1: Appearance Grammar, Formatting, Etc. Layer 2: Writing Style Sentence Flow

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effective writing at the graduate level research paper organization
Effective Writing at the Graduate Level: Research Paper Organization
  • Student Development Services
  • Writing Support Centre
  • UCC 210
  • www.sds.uwo.ca/writing
layers of effective writing
Layers of Effective Writing

Layer 1: Appearance

Grammar, Formatting, Etc.

Layer 2: Writing Style

Sentence Flow

Layer 3: Organization

Connecting the Ideas

Layer 4: Content

The Ideas

layer 3 organization
Layer 3: Organization
  • Present your ideas in a logical (not chronological) order
  • Essential at the macro (paper) and micro (paragraph) levels
research paper structure
Research Paper Structure
  • TAIMRD or IMRD:
    • (Title, Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion)
  • Follow discipline-specific conventions
introduction
Introduction
  • Ease the reader into your study
  • Written as though you don’t know the results
introduction6
Introduction
  • Introduce your field of study
  • Narrow focus using specific and important references
  • Statement of purpose (hypothesis, predictions etc.)

General

Specific

include
Include
  • Basic terminology of your field (e.g. chemical names, definitions, species names)
  • Key papers that led to your study
  • Brief mention of your study in your statement of purpose
don t include
Don’t Include
  • Exhaustive literature search
  • Details of your study
methods
Methods
  • A complete account of all the steps in your study
  • Presented in logical order
  • Includes collecting and analyzing data
  • Easy to write
include10
Include
  • All materials, quantities, brands of major equipment and study locations
  • Citations of novel techniques
  • Figures of complicated setups
  • Equations and statistics
don t include11
Don’t Include
  • Finicky details
  • Results
results
Results
  • A summary of your findings
  • Presents details in the same order as the methods
  • Can be technical
include13
Include
  • Summary of your findings (i.e. averages, trends)
  • Tables and Figures
  • References to tables and figures
don t include14
Don’t Include
  • Raw data
  • The same information twice
  • Too many figures
  • Interpretation of your results
discussion
Discussion
  • Now that you know the results, interpret them
  • Sometimes combined with results into one section
discussion16
Discussion
  • Address your hypothesis with reference to your results
  • Explain and put findings in context (references)
  • Comment on your finding’s significance and potential for future study

Specific

General

include17
Include
  • Most papers from the introduction
  • References to tables and figures
  • Summary / Conclusion
don t include18
Don’t Include
  • Detailed account of your results
  • Any new ideas not set up in the introduction
headings
Headings
  • Use headings to offset major sections
    • E.g. Introduction, Methods, Results, References
  • Use subheadings to offset distinct topics within sections
    • E.g. Methods: Study site, Procedure, Statistics