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Fueling Greatness: . Just how SWEET is it? . What is SUGAR? . Monosaccharides . Glucose. Galactose . Fructose . “Simple” Sugars. Disaccharides. Lactose = glu + galac . Sucrose = glu + fruc. Maltose = glu + glu. What does your body do with all that “Sweet Stuff”? .

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fueling greatness

Fueling Greatness:

Just how SWEET is it?

what is sugar
What is SUGAR?





simple sugars
“Simple” Sugars


Lactose = glu + galac

Sucrose = glu + fruc

Maltose = glu + glu

what does your body do with all that sweet stuff
What does your body do with all that “Sweet Stuff”?
  • Body breaks down disaccharides into monosaccharides
  • Metabolized by the liver to become either:
    • Glucose which is used by muscles for energy
    • Glycogen which is stored by the liver
  • Glucose is important to maintain bodily functions and energy
pose the question
Pose the question?
  • What happens when you consume more sugar than your body needs?
    • Answer: It becomes fat and is stored for later use
what s the difference
What’s the difference?
  • What is the difference between natural sources of sugar and added sugar?
    • Natural sources are found in foods, such as fruit and dairy. Added sugars are used in some foods to enhance flavor and preserve the food.
  • What makes some sources of sugar more healthful than others?
    • Foods like fruits and dairy products (milk, yogurt, etc.) are nutrient-dense foods. They have fiber, vitamins and minerals, phytonutrients, and water.
how can you tell if a food has added sugar
How can you tell if a food has added sugar?
  • By looking at nutrition labels and ingredients panels. Look for:
  • Honey
  • Invert sugar
  • Lactose
  • Maltose
  • Molasses
  • Raw sugar
  • Sucrose
  • Syrup
  • Table sugar
  • Brown sugar
  • Corn sweetener
  • Corn syrup
  • Dextrose
  • Fructose
  • Fruit juice concentrate
  • Glucose
  • High fructose corn syrup
looking at labels
Looking at labels
  • Ingredients are listed in descending order by weight.
where do you find large amounts of added and hidden sugar
Where do you find large amounts of added and “hidden” sugar?

Added: soft drinks, fruit drinks, cakes, cookies, dairy desserts, low-fat dairy products

Hidden: sports drinks, some yogurts, some foods labeled low-fat or fat-free, cereals, snack foods/convenience foods, etc.

how much is too much
How much is too much?
  • Limit added sugar to 10% of calorie intake (50 grams or 12 teaspoons) for a 2,000 calorie diet.
  • Average teen consumes 20% of their calories from sugar, about 29 tsp. of sugar a day.
  • That’s 93 pounds of refined sugar a year!!!
why is it important to limit added sugars
Why is it important to limit added sugars?
  • Less room for nutrient-dense foods
  • Excess calories/empty = excess weight and less energy
  • Dental cavities
did you know
Did you know…
  • Two fruit rollups have 2 ½ tsp. of sugar = a Halloween sized pouch of Jolly Ranchers
  • A fruit-on-the-bottom, low-fat, apple cinnamon yogurt has 9 ½ tsp. sugar = 3 ½ Three Musketeers candy bars
  • A small serving of nonfat vanilla yogurt has 13 tsp. of sugar = 4 mini packets of M&M’s
  • A fruit snack has 3 ½ tsp. of sugar = a packet of Skittles
works cited
Works Cited
  • “Are kids eating too much sugar?”. CNN Health Website. Available at http://articles.cnn.com/1999-10-22/health/9910_22_suga r.halloween.wmd_1_sugar-intake-refined-sugar-sweet-foods?_s=PM:HEALTH. Accessed March 8, 2011.
  • Smith A, Wardlaw G. Contemporary Nutrition. 8th ed. New York, NY: McGraw Hill; 2009.
  • “How can I tell if food has added sugar?.” American Dietetic Association Website. Available at http://www.eatright.org/Public/content.aspx? id=6442452041&terms=foods+with+added+sugar. Accessed March
  • “Why does yogurt have so much sugar?”. American Dietetic Association Website. Available at http://www.eatright.org/Public/content.aspx ?id=6442451847&terms=sugar. Accessed March 8, 2011.