Do Now. Opium-A reddish-brown heavy-scented addictive drug prepared from the opium poppy, used as a narcotic and in medicine as an analgesic. Coltan -: a valuable black mineral combining niobite and tantalite; used in cell phones and computer chips. 1.Vocabulary.
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Do Now • Opium-A reddish-brown heavy-scented addictive drug prepared from the opium poppy, used as a narcotic and in medicine as an analgesic. • Coltan-: a valuable black mineral combining niobite and tantalite; used in cell phones and computer chips.
1.Vocabulary • Imperialism-The practice of one country extending its control over another country. Spheres of influence-a particular country has exclusive rights to trade with another country • Roosevelt corollary-stated that the U.s
Opium war 1839-1842 • War fought between and china over Britians opium trade in china
ShakaZula (1787-1828) • Zulu Ruler • Unifier of South Africa • His Military tactics were utilized successfully • Against the British
Battle of Insandlwana (1879) • First major battle between the British and the south African Zulu Kingdom. • The British suffer a crushing defeat.
BERLIN CONFERENCE 1884-1885 • European Countries meet to divide up African countries for colonization.
1st ITALO-ETHIOPIAN WAR (1896) • Battle of Adwa- Ethiopians defeat the Italian efforts to colonize Ethiopia.
War With Spain • Conflict in cuba • Yellow journalism-sensational reporting used to attract readers
U.S. Declares war on spain 4/25/1898 • Rough Riders-led by theodoreroosevelt a fighting unit that consisted of Native Americans cowboys ranchers and college • 9th and 10th – calvaries were volunteers of the Buffalo Soldiers who fought at San Juan Hill. • Battle of San Juan Hill
7.Victory and Expansion • As a result of victory over the Spanish the U.S. acquired Spanish territory in the Caribbean and the Pacific. Puerto Rico Philippines Panama Canal-I order to travel quickly between the Caribbean and The Pacific the U.S. completed the Panama Canal in 1914.
Do Now • Puerto Rico-1898-1917 • Phillipines-1898-1947 • Hawaii-1959
Do Now • Hawaii-1959 • In what year did Hawaii Become a State.
8.Mexican Revolution 1910-1920 • Civil war that led to the end of the dictatorship in Mexico • Mexican constitution(1917)-Common good , child labor, unions , 8hr. workday
9.Emilo Zapata 1879-1919 • American Indian • Led revolts against the Mexican Government demanding land for the mostly poor population.
10.Pancho Villa 1878-1923 • Supported by the U.S government • Split with The U.S.(1915) because the U.S. Supported the presidency of his rivals • Atttacked the U.S.(1916)Columbus, New Mexico • Never Captured
Queen Lilioukalani • Last Queen Of Hawaii is Queen Lilioukalani
WWI • Date:4/8/13 • Notes:WW1
1.Vocabulary • Neutrality-nonparticipation in a dispute or war
2.Nationalism • The belief that ethnic groups should have control over land in which their ethnicity is dominant
3.Militarism • Glorification of military forces and war preparation
4.Alliances • Agreement to assist in conflicts if necessary.
5.Assassination • In June 1914 archduke Franz Ferdinand ,heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne is assassinated in Serbia by a serbian nationalist • Ausria-Hungary declares war on Serbia and WWI BEGINS
6.U.S. Neutrality • The United States followed a policy in which they would not participate in the disputes , wars or alliances of other countries.
7.U.S. Abandons Neutrality • March 1, 1917 U.S. intercepts the Zimmerman Note in which the Germans offer to aid the Mexicans in re-conquering New Mexico , Arizona and Texas. • April 4, 1917 , U.S. declares war and joins the Allied Forces. • American banks loan money and war materials to the Allied Forces. • May 7, 1915 , German submarines sink the British vessel the Lusitania the dead included 128 Americans
Do Now 4/9/13 • Zimmerman Note • U.S. declares war • Lusitania
8.New Warfare & Weapons • Trench Warfare- The use of deep ditches as protection on battlefields. Soldiers would then rush out of these ditches to cross “no man’s land” and attack the enemy trenches.
Submarines • First country to develop submarines was Germany • U-Boats
Do Now • Trenches-to stay low from the machine gun • Tanks-to get across no mans land • Poison Gas-to get them out of the trench
Selective Service Act of 1917 • Required men men between the ages of 21-30(eventually 18-45) to register for draft.
Do Now 4-11-13 • U.S.-1917 • Battle of Marne-1914 • Battle of The Samme-1916
1. Major Battles Of WW1 • Major battles of ww1 took place in France where at the Battle of the Somme and The million deaths and injuries were recored
Battle Sites in France In WW1 • Marne(1914) • Ypres(1914)(1915) • Verdun(1916) • Somme(1916) • Western Front • Western Front –France Where battle took place
2.U.S. Enters WW1 in 1917 • Over 4 million U.S. troops were mobilized during ww1 and many were sent to France to aid the allies against the Germans. • 10,000 Native Americans and many Mexican Americans And Japanese Americans Volunteer For service during ww1.
3.African American Soldiers in WW1 • 400,000 African Americans Served during ww1 • Many African Americans volunteered for ww1 with the hopes that this would bring them first class citizenship in the U.S.
Henry Johnson • Croix De Guerre • He Did not Receive U.S. Congressional Medal of Honor • Purple Heart • His Son Did Receive The Distinguished Service Cross
Posthumously • Occurring or Continuing after one’s death
Because of their bravery and courage displayed during ww1 many African-Americans soldiers received several citations and medals from the French government • 369th Regiment(Harlem Hell Fighters)fought in the trenches longer than any other American Regiment(191 days)
Do Now 4/15/13 • PTSD - an anxiety disorder associated with serious traumatic events and characterized by such symptoms as survivor guilt (shell shock) • Arguing • Financial Problems • Marriage Problems
4.Convincing America to Fight • Committee on Public Information(CPI) Propaganda campaign to convince Americans to join and support the war • Espionage Act and the Sedition Act-Outlawed opposition and criticism of the American government’s involvement
Vocabulary • Propaganda –information ,ideas , or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person , group, movement, , institution , nation , etc. • Espionage-the systematic use of spies to get military or political secrets • Sedition- Language that speaks against the government
Do Now 4/16/13 • Great Britain-Herbert Henry Asquith • France-Georges Clemenceau • U.S-Woodrow Wilson
Kaiser Wilhelm II • Emperor of Germany