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Do Now. Opium-A reddish-brown heavy-scented addictive drug prepared from the opium poppy, used as a narcotic and in medicine as an analgesic. Coltan -: a valuable black mineral combining niobite and tantalite; used in cell phones and computer chips. 1.Vocabulary.

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    1. Do Now • Opium-A reddish-brown heavy-scented addictive drug prepared from the opium poppy, used as a narcotic and in medicine as an analgesic. • Coltan-: a valuable black mineral combining niobite and tantalite; used in cell phones and computer chips.

    2. 1.Vocabulary • Imperialism-The practice of one country extending its control over another country. Spheres of influence-a particular country has exclusive rights to trade with another country • Roosevelt corollary-stated that the U.s

    3. Opium war 1839-1842 • War fought between and china over Britians opium trade in china

    4. Do Now 3.8.13

    5. ShakaZula (1787-1828) • Zulu Ruler • Unifier of South Africa • His Military tactics were utilized successfully • Against the British

    6. Battle of Insandlwana (1879) • First major battle between the British and the south African Zulu Kingdom. • The British suffer a crushing defeat.

    7. BERLIN CONFERENCE 1884-1885 • European Countries meet to divide up African countries for colonization.

    8. 1st ITALO-ETHIOPIAN WAR (1896) • Battle of Adwa- Ethiopians defeat the Italian efforts to colonize Ethiopia.

    9. War With Spain • Conflict in cuba • Yellow journalism-sensational reporting used to attract readers

    10. U.S. Declares war on spain 4/25/1898 • Rough Riders-led by theodoreroosevelt a fighting unit that consisted of Native Americans cowboys ranchers and college • 9th and 10th – calvaries were volunteers of the Buffalo Soldiers who fought at San Juan Hill. • Battle of San Juan Hill

    11. 7.Victory and Expansion • As a result of victory over the Spanish the U.S. acquired Spanish territory in the Caribbean and the Pacific. Puerto Rico Philippines Panama Canal-I order to travel quickly between the Caribbean and The Pacific the U.S. completed the Panama Canal in 1914.

    12. Do Now • Puerto Rico-1898-1917 • Phillipines-1898-1947 • Hawaii-1959

    13. Do Now • Hawaii-1959 • In what year did Hawaii Become a State.

    14. 8.Mexican Revolution 1910-1920 • Civil war that led to the end of the dictatorship in Mexico • Mexican constitution(1917)-Common good , child labor, unions , 8hr. workday

    15. 9.Emilo Zapata 1879-1919 • American Indian • Led revolts against the Mexican Government demanding land for the mostly poor population.

    16. 10.Pancho Villa 1878-1923 • Supported by the U.S government • Split with The U.S.(1915) because the U.S. Supported the presidency of his rivals • Atttacked the U.S.(1916)Columbus, New Mexico • Never Captured

    17. Queen Lilioukalani • Last Queen Of Hawaii is Queen Lilioukalani

    18. WWI • Date:4/8/13 • Notes:WW1

    19. 1.Vocabulary • Neutrality-nonparticipation in a dispute or war

    20. 2.Nationalism • The belief that ethnic groups should have control over land in which their ethnicity is dominant

    21. 3.Militarism • Glorification of military forces and war preparation

    22. 4.Alliances • Agreement to assist in conflicts if necessary.

    23. 5.Assassination • In June 1914 archduke Franz Ferdinand ,heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne is assassinated in Serbia by a serbian nationalist • Ausria-Hungary declares war on Serbia and WWI BEGINS

    24. 6.U.S. Neutrality • The United States followed a policy in which they would not participate in the disputes , wars or alliances of other countries.

    25. 7.U.S. Abandons Neutrality • March 1, 1917 U.S. intercepts the Zimmerman Note in which the Germans offer to aid the Mexicans in re-conquering New Mexico , Arizona and Texas. • April 4, 1917 , U.S. declares war and joins the Allied Forces. • American banks loan money and war materials to the Allied Forces. • May 7, 1915 , German submarines sink the British vessel the Lusitania the dead included 128 Americans

    26. Do Now 4/9/13 • Zimmerman Note • U.S. declares war • Lusitania

    27. 8.New Warfare & Weapons • Trench Warfare- The use of deep ditches as protection on battlefields. Soldiers would then rush out of these ditches to cross “no man’s land” and attack the enemy trenches.

    28. Machine Gun

    29. Tanks

    30. Submarines • First country to develop submarines was Germany • U-Boats

    31. Planes

    32. Poison Gas

    33. Do Now • Trenches-to stay low from the machine gun • Tanks-to get across no mans land • Poison Gas-to get them out of the trench

    34. Selective Service Act of 1917 • Required men men between the ages of 21-30(eventually 18-45) to register for draft.

    35. Do Now 4-11-13 • U.S.-1917 • Battle of Marne-1914 • Battle of The Samme-1916

    36. U.S. Involvement in World War 1 1917-1918

    37. 1. Major Battles Of WW1 • Major battles of ww1 took place in France where at the Battle of the Somme and The million deaths and injuries were recored

    38. Battle Sites in France In WW1 • Marne(1914) • Ypres(1914)(1915) • Verdun(1916) • Somme(1916) • Western Front • Western Front –France Where battle took place

    39. 2.U.S. Enters WW1 in 1917 • Over 4 million U.S. troops were mobilized during ww1 and many were sent to France to aid the allies against the Germans. • 10,000 Native Americans and many Mexican Americans And Japanese Americans Volunteer For service during ww1.

    40. Mercilano Serna

    41. 3.African American Soldiers in WW1 • 400,000 African Americans Served during ww1 • Many African Americans volunteered for ww1 with the hopes that this would bring them first class citizenship in the U.S.

    42. 4.Harlem Hell Fighters

    43. Henry Johnson • Croix De Guerre • He Did not Receive U.S. Congressional Medal of Honor • Purple Heart • His Son Did Receive The Distinguished Service Cross

    44. Posthumously • Occurring or Continuing after one’s death

    45. Because of their bravery and courage displayed during ww1 many African-Americans soldiers received several citations and medals from the French government • 369th Regiment(Harlem Hell Fighters)fought in the trenches longer than any other American Regiment(191 days)

    46. Do Now 4/15/13 • PTSD - an anxiety disorder associated with serious traumatic events and characterized by such symptoms as survivor guilt (shell shock) • Arguing • Financial Problems • Marriage Problems

    47. 4.Convincing America to Fight • Committee on Public Information(CPI) Propaganda campaign to convince Americans to join and support the war • Espionage Act and the Sedition Act-Outlawed opposition and criticism of the American government’s involvement

    48. Vocabulary • Propaganda –information ,ideas , or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person , group, movement, , institution , nation , etc. • Espionage-the systematic use of spies to get military or political secrets • Sedition- Language that speaks against the government

    49. Do Now 4/16/13 • Great Britain-Herbert Henry Asquith • France-Georges Clemenceau • U.S-Woodrow Wilson

    50. Kaiser Wilhelm II • Emperor of Germany