“Americans” and the Mexican Revolution. Modern Mexico Lecture, week 2, S pring Term. Mexican Revolution: Global Crisis.
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Modern Mexico Lecture, week 2, Spring Term
Throughout 1920’s- Alvaro Obregon and Minister of the Interior, Plutarco Elias Calles, faced radical Socialist agrarian/labour experiments under assertive state-level leaders:
- Yucatan under Felipe Carrillo Puerto
- Tamaulipas under Emilio Portes Gil
- Michoacan under Francisco Mujica
-Jalisco under Jose Guadalupe Zuno
- Veracruz under Adalberto Tejeda
(See D A Brading, Caudillo and Peasant & the Mexican Revolution, (1980))
and leftist – pro-Soviet – Communist unions allied to PCM founded in 1918 (CGT)
- Intelligentsia drawn to the PCM: muralists - Diego Rivera, David Siqueiros and Javier Guerrero - and Tina Modotti, Italian/US photographer
In 1914 John Reed observed a parallel in Villa to US Wobblies leader Bill Haywood:
“Watching him (Villa) was like watching Bill Haywood – both men were decisive, forceful and willing to take the consequence of their actions. In a away, government under Villa was what government under the Wobblies might be, a clean, swift turning of the tables on the exploiters of the people.”
Thomas Walsh,“The Making of ‘Flowering Judas’” , Journal of Modern Literature XII, 1, March 1985.