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Slavery - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Slavery. Essential Questions. Why were African Americans more desirable as slaves than indentured servants or Native Americans? What sort of conditions did Africans endure on their voyage to the New World? What impact did slavery have on both sides in the American Revolution?

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essential questions
Essential Questions
  • Why were African Americans more desirable as slaves than indentured servants or Native Americans?
  • What sort of conditions did Africans endure on their voyage to the New World?
  • What impact did slavery have on both sides in the American Revolution?
  • What impact did slavery have on the writing of the Constitution and the Northwest Ordinance?
  • How were slaves’ family and personal lives different than those of other Americans?
  • What sorts of conditions affected the development and growth of slavery in the North? In the South?
  • What tactics and strategies did the leaders of the abolitionist movement use to promote their cause?
  • How did blacks and whites seek to assist those who wanted to escape slavery?
  • How did slavery lead to the rise of sectionalism and the beginning of the Civil War?
slavery in africa
Slaves represented the bottom stratum of African society

Different from slavery as it developed in the Americas

Most African slaves were captives of war

Slavery in Africa not permanent or hereditary

Assimilation

Slavery in Africa

Africans enslaved by other Africans

indentured servitude
A means for people to get to the New World

Master paid for passage to America

Indentured servant then owed 5–7 years of work

Once indenture was paid, servant became free

Indentured servants initially more desirable than slaves

Indentured Servitude

A certificate of indenture

the origins of american slavery
First African slaves in America brought to Jamestown in 1619

Slavery institutionalized in many states by 1640

Slaves became “chattel property”

The Origins of American Slavery

African slaves landing at Jamestown, 1619

development of slavery in the new world
Using Native Americans as slaves problematic

African slaves became more cost effective than indentured servants

Colonists viewed blacks as inferior

Slaves were servants for life

Development of Slavery in the New World

South American Indians captured as slaves by Europeans

the middle passage
Voyage of slaves from Africa to the New World

Slaves tightly packed in ships’ holds

Filthy conditions

Disease outbreaks

Some 20% died during the voyage to America

The Middle Passage

Diagram of a tightly packed slave ship

the triangular trade
The Triangular Trade
  • Involved Europe, Africa, and the Americas
  • Trade goods carried to Africa for slaves
  • Slaves taken to the Americas and traded for raw materials
  • Raw materials sent to Europe to be made into trade goods
slave auctions
Slaves “seasoned”

Slaves auctioned in a manner similar to livestock

Inspected by potential buyers

“Grab and go” auctions

Slave Auctions

Slave auctions such as the one depicted here were common in the colonial era and after the Revolutionary War

african americans in the revolution
Blacks fought for both sides

British promised freedom to slaves

Washington originally denied black enlistments

Rhode Island free black regiment

African Americans in the Revolution

Crispus Attucks, a former slave, was one of those killed by British troops in the 1770 Boston Massacre