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Unit 4—Enlightenment & Revolutions. Mr. Barchetto MMW-Honors. England: Tudor Queens & Stuart Kings. Henry VIII Reading The Tudors & Stuarts Genealogical Chart Using Basic Skills worksheet 18 and a partner study family tree and answer the questions. Review Answers.

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Unit 4 enlightenment revolutions

Unit 4—Enlightenment & Revolutions

Mr. Barchetto


England tudor queens stuart kings
England: Tudor Queens & Stuart Kings

  • Henry VIII Reading

  • The Tudors & Stuarts Genealogical Chart

    • Using Basic Skills worksheet 18 and a partner study family tree and answer the questions.

    • Review Answers

Elizabeth i faced many challenges
Elizabeth I Faced Many Challenges


  • How did Elizabeth settle England’s religious problems?

  • Significance of Mary Stuart

  • Identify Phillip II & the Spanish Armada

  • Financial & Parliament Problems

How did elizabeth settle england s religious problems
How did Elizabeth settle England’s religious problems?

Where does England’s religious problems stem from?

Elizabeth & The Church of England

Significance of mary stuart
Significance of Mary Stuart

Who is Mary Stuart?

What does she want?

What unfolds?

Mary Stuart Queen of the Scots

Who is phillip ii
Who is Phillip II?

Why is he upset?

What does he want?

What is the Spanish Armada?

What is the result?

Phillip II & The Spanish Armada

Why does elizabeth have financial problems
Why does Elizabeth have Financial problems?

Why does Elizabeth have Parliament problems?

Elizabeth: Financial & Parliament Problems

The magna carta the great charter 1215
The Magna Carta(The Great Charter) 1215

  • On June 15, 1215, the barons of Medieval England confronted King John at Runnymede, and forced the king to put his seal on the Magna Carta.

  • King John had been an unpopular king who abused his power, oppressed his subjects

  • The barons wrote the Magna Carta, which contained 63 clauses promising all freemen access to courts and a fair trial, eliminating unfair fines and punishments, giving power to the Catholic Church in England, and addressing many lesser issues.

  • The Magna Carta was the source of many of the important ideas contained in founding documents of the United States, such as the Declaration of Independence and the Bill of Rights.


The Magna Carta (1215)

American Declaration of Independence (1776)

Rule of Law

Laws exist and all citizens must obey them. The king is not above the law. If the king breaks the law, his vassals can remove him from the throne.

King George III has broken the laws and refused rights of colonists; the people therefore "throw off his government of tyranny and reestablish rights under the rule of law.

Balance of


Even though the king is the nation's leader and authority, his vassals have both the right and the responsibility to check or limit his power.

The king has demanded that some of his subjects give up the right of representation in legislature.

Power of the Purse

The king cannot levy any extra taxes "without the common consent of the realm." Without new taxes, the king cannot increase his army and overturn the balance of power by attacking his vassals.

The king has imposed taxes on colonists without their consent.

Security of Private Property

Things that do not belong to the king (land,tools) cannot be taken from their owners without their consent. This agreement not only preserves right of subjects to own property but also stops the king from becoming richer or more powerful by taking property from his subjects.

The king has "plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burned our towns, destroyed the lives of our people."

Limited Government

There are limits to the powers of both the king and his barons. This idea relates to balance of power.

Governments should protect the rights and liberties of citizens. The king has opposed citizens' rights, and liberties. A new nation must be formed to protect them.

Due Process of Law

Someone who is accused of a crime cannot simply be condemned by the king or his sheriffs. There is a process for hearing both sides of the case and making a fair judgment.

The king has refused to agree to laws related to justice; has made some judges dependent on his will.

Judgment By One's Peers

This idea is the "seed" of our jury system, which guarantees that the guilt or innocence of a citizen accused of a crime will be decided by a jury of his or her peers.

The king has deprived many colonial citizens of the benefits of trial by jury.

The model parliament 1295ad
The Model Parliament 1295AD

  • Open textbook and read pg.251-252

  • Then answer question four on page 254

England had a civil war
England had a Civil War

  • Theory of the divine right of kings:

    • According to James I speech to Parliament how would you define the divine right of kings?

James I to Parliament in 1610:

  • The state of the monarchy is the supremest thing upon earth: for kings are not only God’s lieutenants upon earth, and sit upon God’s throne, but even by god himself they are called gods. God has power to create or destroy, make or unmake, at his pleasure to give life or send death, to judge all and to be judged. And the like power have kings: they make and unmake their subjects, they have power of raising, and casting down; of life, and of death.

1660 85 the restoration
1660-85 The Restoration

  • Merry Monarch

  • Moderate Ruler

    • habeas corpus

  • Problems Religion

  • Problems Money

  • What leads to the formation of political parties in England?

Charles II

The Glorious (Bloodless) Revolution

  • Tories

  • Whigs

  • James II & Charles II differences

  • James II events which cost him his throne

  • Mary and William of Orange

  • Glorious Revolution

  • William & Mary & Parliament’s relationship

  • Limits of Royal Power are established in what

Tories vs. Whigs

English bill of rights 1689
English Bill of Rights 1689

Main provisions:

  • The King could not suspend the operation of laws.

  • The King could not interfere with the ordinary course of justice.

  • No taxes levied or standard army maintained in peacetime without Parliament’s consent.

  • Freedom of speech in Parliament.

  • Sessions of Parliament would be held frequently.

  • Subjects had the right of bail, petition, and freedom from excessive fines and cruel and unusual punishment.

  • The monarch must be a Protestant.

  • Freedom from arbitrary arrest.

  • Censorship of the press was dropped.

  • Religious toleration.

Looking at the following cartoon what political term will be used to describe the English government from 1689-onwards?

The English


Political ideas born from conflict
Political Ideas Born from Conflict used to describe the English government from 1689-onwards?

  • Thomas Hobbes

    • View on human nature?

    • Leviathan

    • View on Absolute Monarchy

  • John Locke

    • View on human nature?

    • Treatises on Government

    • View on Absolute Monarchy

Did the English people have a right to rebel against Charles I in 1642 and against James II in 1688? Could a ruler lawfully be overthrown by his subjects?