ILO MARITIME LABOUR CONVENTION: Welfare Provisions. Presentation by David Dearsley: ICSW Welfare Seminar. PRESENTATION. the ILO system ILO problems adoption of the MLC ILO historical approach to welfare MLC approach to welfare MLC application - Torbjorn. THE ILO SYSTEM. ILO philosophy
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ILO MARITIME LABOUR CONVENTION:Welfare Provisions Presentation by David Dearsley: ICSW Welfare Seminar
PRESENTATION • the ILO system • ILO problems • adoption of the MLC • ILO historical approach to welfare • MLC approach to welfare • MLC application - Torbjorn
THE ILO SYSTEM • ILO philosophy • tripartite • instruments – conventions, recommendations, codes • maritime machinery • representation/influence
ILO PROBLEMS • outdated instruments • little ratification • enforcement difficult • no amendment procedure • competition – IMO, EU • employer/worker doubts
ADOPTION OF THE MLC • 2000 initiative by “social partners” • principles – clarity, flexibility, enforcement, wide ratification • problems with specific instruments e.g. welfare • 2000-2005 consolidation/development of text – structure and rights • February 2006 adoption of MLC • 2012 entry into force?
ILO HISTORICAL APPROACH TO WELFARE • 1936 welfare in ports Recommendation – emphasis on protection from abuse (tuberculosis, alcohol, narcotics, sexually transmitted diseases) • 1970 Recommendation on welfare – facilities and operations e.g. national/regional/port welfare boards, accommodation, recreation, information, security • 1987 Convention & Recommendation on welfare (Nos. 163 & 178) – states to ensure welfare services provided ashore and necessary finance arranged
MLC APPROACH TO WELFARE • Purpose: to ensure that seafarers …. have access to shore-based facilities and services to secure their health and well-being • Obligations – to promote, encourage, allow access to services • Guidance – as per instruments 163 & 178
MLC APPLICATION OVER TO TORBJORN