Muscular Strength. Lesson 23. Term to Know. Muscular strength The maximum amount of force a muscle or muscle group can exert against an opposing force. Muscular Strength and Endurance.
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Absolute muscular strength
The maximum force you are able to exert regardless of size, age, or weight.Muscular Strength and Endurance
Absolute muscular strength is the first type of muscular strength.
A person able to lift 100 pounds is stronger in absolute muscular strength than a person able to lift only 80 pounds.
Tom is stronger in the absolute sense, but Jim is stronger in the relative sense because he exerts more strength per pound of body weight.Muscular Strength and Endurance
Consider this example:
Jim weighs 125 pounds and can lift 130 pounds during a weight training exercise.
Tom weighs 160 pounds and can lift 150 pounds on the same exercise.
Here is the formula for calculating relative muscular strength:
The ability of the same muscle or muscle group to contract for an extended period of time without undue fatigue.Muscular Strength and Endurance
Muscular endurance is measured by the amount of resistance (or weight) and the number of repetitions (or “reps”).
A person who can properly lift 75 pounds for 15 reps has greater muscular endurance than a person of the same gender who can only do 10 reps with the same amount of weight.
Relative muscular endurance
The maximum number of times you can repeatedly perform a resistance activity in relation to your body weight.Muscular Strength and Endurance
As with muscular strength, good health and fitness depend more on relative muscular endurance than on absolute endurance.
According to the overload principle, to improve a muscle’s strength or endurance, you must first overload that muscle.
In resistance training, overloading means putting more stress, in the form of weight or resistance, on a muscle than it is accustomed to handling.
The continued systematic increase of muscle workload by the addition of more weights or resistance.Resistance Training and Overload
As your muscles gradually adjust to the increased stress, you need employ progressive resistance to increase the workload further and make the muscles stronger.
There are five components of progressive resistance training:
The routine movements you make each day require little conscious thought but involve the complex interaction of many different muscles and muscle groups.
All body movement depend on muscles.
Resistance training has little effect on involuntary muscles.
Skeletal muscles are connected to the bones by means of fibrous cords of soft tissue called tendons.
Bones are connected to one another by bands of tissue called ligaments.
Scientists do not fully understand exactly how and why resistance training builds muscles.
Several theories have emerged.
Factors that affect muscle strength
Lesser factors that influence the development of muscular strength
Consistent training habits
Level of strength
Intensity of training
Length of training program
To relieve muscle soreness:
Using equipment safely is an important aspect of safety in the weight room.
Resistance training is performed using a variety of methods and equipment.
A dumbbell is a short bar with weights at both ends, designed to be lifted with one hand.
A barbell is a long, metal bar with weights at both ends, designed to be lifted with both hands.
The weights placed on a barbell or dumbbell are referred to as plates.
Plates are fasted to the bar using clipsand collars.
A quick, powerful muscular movement that requires the muscle to be prestretched just before a quick contraction.Resistance-Training Equipment and Gear
Many plyometric exercises require jumping, leaping, and bounding.
They can place stress on tendons, so they are not recommended for beginners.
Remember these tips when choosing clothing and footwear for strength training:
Always wear properly fitted footwear, designed to give you good arch support and provide traction.
Straps and wraps are canvas-like strips that give additional support to joints.
They are wrapped around your wrist and then twisted around a bar.