Australia’s Flora. Year 10. Banksia by Sydney Parkinson (1759-68). Image courtesy of National History Museum, London. Australia’s Flora. Australia’s distinctive flora dates back to a time when the continent separated from the rest of Gondwanaland: about 30 to 40 million years ago.
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Banksia by Sydney Parkinson (1759-68). Image courtesy of National History Museum, London.
Flora and Fauna species that do not occur naturally anywhere else in the world.
Australia’s Dominant Vegetation
These generally occupy moist gullies and the southern aspect of hillsides in areas with relatively high rainfall.
This vegetation type has specifically evolved to suit the low-nutrient soils, to withstand drought and to regenerate after fire. This type of forest is a typical example of ‘the Australian Bush’ as most of us know it.
Australia’s woodlands are a combination of Eucalypts and grasslands; the mix is determined by the local conditions of aspect, soil and topography.
Mallees are stunted multi-stemmed eucalypts growing as small trees, which are adapted to drought and fire. Most Mallee country has now been cleared for agriculture.