The Changing Yangtze. Adam Nichols & Iain Pal ô t GA Study tour 2007 University of Surrey 29 th March 2008. A sense of scale. Origin Tanggula Mts. , Qinghai / Tibet border Mouth East China Sea Length 6,300 km (3,915 miles)
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Adam Nichols & Iain Palôt
GA Study tour 2007
University of Surrey 29th March 2008
Origin Tanggula Mts. ,
Qinghai / Tibet border
Mouth East China Sea
Length 6,300 km (3,915 miles)
Source elevation 5,042 m (16,542 ft)
Basin area 1,800,000 km² (695,000 miles²)
Avg. Discharge 34,000 m³/s (1,200,000 ft³/s)
The Changjiang River
2008: there are 8
(Beijing has c100)
Hong Kong is the greatest source of inward investment
Chongqing’s automotive driver
Population and GDP in Chinese Metropolitan Regions
Source : OECD with data from Chreod, Ltd. China Metropolitan Region Database
One of 100,000+ pole-carriers
Married. Shares 3 bedroom flat with 3 other couples
Former farmer. 2 children left with relatives
5.30am start at veg. market
£1.50 for 12 hours work
Loads are often heavier than himself
Saves enough to clothe and pay for children’s schooling in his village.
Average rural and urban income in Chongqing Municipality
Source: Chongqing Statistic Yearbook (2006)
Two Years on
Pub. John Murray, 2001
In February 2005, Huang Faxiang, director of the land resources administration of Fengdu county, was sentenced to death for skimming off $1.8 million in land sales revenues. More than a dozen other Fengdu officials have been convicted of lesser charges.
The satellite image of Three Gorges Dam
All singing and dancing package for the tourist and yet it remains generally an unspoken subject in China!
Commune Buildings with quotes and instructions
Old style briquette stove
Ready for the Games!
And after a weary day’s fieldwork, what better way to unwind than with a communal foot massage. These are not smut-houses but as socially acceptable for relaxation as a drink and chat in a pub. Our Yichang hosts from the CPAFFC are in the background.
which spans the Yangtze River in Chongqing, is double-decked, and has six car lanes running along the uppermost level.
Bridge at Zhongxian
This is what a new one over the Little Three Gorges will look like
Waste paper being unloaded
Ship locks at the 3GD
Maglev goes very fast!
Phone lines in Shanghai
Newspapers are us
Manhandling freshly galvanised parts
Final planned layout
Second phase underway but marked lack of ANY western style building technology
El Nino caused severe typhoons which penetrated as far as the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, resulting in accelerated snow-melt.
70% of the basin’s annual rainfall falls in the 4 summer months anyway. The Typhoons brought extra intensity to the rainfall (300mm in 24 hours in some parts)
Meteorological and hydrological conditions similar to those for the 1998 floods.
250,000+ homes affected
Storage & retardation basins: 40
Area: 11,866 km2
Cultivated land: 5,490 km2
Capacity: 63,700,000,000 m3
Reservoirs (Excl. 3G) 117
Capacity: 104,000,000,000 m3
Levees: 45,000 km
Return period pre-3G: 20 yrs
Return period post-3G 100 yrs
Water pollution has worsened over the last ten years
1998 <20% of water quality along the Yangtze and tributaries was untreatable + undrinkable.
2005: 27.5% of water quality along the Yangtze and tributaries was untreatable + undrinkable.
2006: 30 billion tons of polluted water was dumped in the river; 50 percent more than in 1998.
Fertilizer runoff +
industrial runoff +
untreated sewage +
Water saving before water transfer
Pollution control before water delivery
Environmental protection before water consumption
Nanjing Changjiang Bridge
The Bund and Huangpu River