Chapter 14. Religion. Chapter Outline. What Religion Does in Society Characteristics of Religion. Religion. A social process that helps to order society and provide its members with meaning, unity, peace of mind, and the degree of control over events they believe is possible.
rite of passage
set of rules
written sacred text
temporary state of equality amongst those of other castes, classes or kinship groups
women and men acting in non-conventional manner
behaviors that reflect and reinforce the status quo