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Chapter 11. Physical Fitness and Activity Assessment in Adults. Adult Fitness Testing. Reliability Validity Relevance Objectivity Normative Data Feasibility. Table 11-1 Populations and Purposes of Physical Fitness Testing. Table 11-2 Health-Related Fitness Factors and Benefits.

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chapter 11

Chapter 11

Physical Fitness and Activity Assessment in Adults

adult fitness testing
Adult Fitness Testing
  • Reliability
  • Validity
  • Relevance
  • Objectivity
  • Normative Data
  • Feasibility
figure 11 1 relationship between cardiovascular endurance and cardiovascular death rate
Figure 11.1Relationship Between Cardiovascular Endurance and Cardiovascular Death Rate

Cardiovascular death rate

Cardiovascular endurance quartile

measuring aerobic capacity
Measuring Aerobic Capacity
  • Aerobic Capacity
    • Laboratory Maximal Tests Submaximal Estimations
    • Field Methods Distance Runs Step Tests Rockport 1-Mile Walk Test Predicting VO2max Without Exercise
figure 11 4 linear relationships among oxygen consumption heart rate and workload
Figure 11.4Linear Relationships Among Oxygen Consumption,Heart Rate, and Workload
measuring body composition
Measuring Body Composition
  • Body Composition
    • Laboratory Hydrostatic Weighing Using Body Density
    • Field Methods Skinfolds Body Mass Index Distribution of Body Fat Waist/Hip Girth Ratio > 1.00 for males > risk > 0.80 for females > risk

Waist Girth > 102 cm (40 in) for males > risk > 88 cm (35 in) for females > risk

what is your bmi
What is your BMI?

Use Table 11-16 on pages 242 - 243

calculation of lean weight and fat weight
Calculation of Lean Weight and Fat Weight
  • 1) Determine total body weight (TBW)
  • 2) Determine percent fat
  • 3) Fat weight = TBW * percent fat
  • 4) Lean Weight (LW) = TBW - FW
calculation of target weight
Calculation of Target Weight
  • Calculation of Target Weight 1) Determine your lean weight (TBW - FW) 2) Determine your target percent fat (TPF) 3) Target weight = LW / (1 - TPF/100)
  • This method assumes: 1) Your target percent fat is less than your current percent fat 2) Your goal is to lose fat weight
muscular strength and endurance
Muscular Strength and Endurance
  • SpecificityDetermined with concurrent validity (i.e., PPM)
  • PowerThe time rate of doing work
  • Muscular enduranceRepetitive performance
  • Relative enduranceRelative to maximum performance
  • Absolute enduranceAt a fixed resistance
measuring muscular strength and endurance
Measuring Muscular Strength and Endurance
  • Muscular Strength and Endurance
    • LaboratoryComputerized Dynamometers Back Extension Strength Test
    • Field methodsTraditional Weight Lifting Tests Body Resistance (i.e., pull-ups, sit-ups, etc.) 1 Repetition Max 10 Repetition Max Trial-and-error estimation
measuring flexibility
Measuring Flexibility
  • Flexibility is very joint specific
    • LaboratoryGoniometry Flexometer Visual estimation Radiography Photography Linear measurements Trigonometry
    • Field methodsTrunk Flexion (Sit-and-reach) Trunk Extension
health related fitness battery
Health Related Fitness Battery
  • YMCA Physical Fitness Test BatteryHeight Weight Resting heart rate Resting blood pressure Body composition Cardiovascular evaluation Flexibility Muscular strength and endurance
health related fitness battery25
Health Related Fitness Battery
  • Canadian Standardized Test of FitnessResting heart rate Resting blood pressure Body composition (skinfolds) Cardiovascular endurance Flexibility (sit-and-reach)

Abdominal endurance Upper-body strength and endurance

aging is related to
Aging is related to . . .
  • decreased sensations of taste, smell, vision, and hearing,
  • decreased mental abilities,
  • decreased organ function,
  • decreased bone mineral content, and
  • decreased physical fitness.

All of these factors lead to a decreased quality of life,

health-related fitness, and functional fitness.

health related fitness battery for special populations
Health Related Fitness Battery forSpecial Populations

Anaerobic capacity and power

Aerobic capacity

Electrocardiographic response to exercise

Muscular strength, endurance, and flexibility

Body composition

measuring physical activity
Measuring Physical Activity
  • Is important because physical activity is related to physical fitness
  • Physical activity is related to quality of life and functional capacity
  • Physical inactivity is related to development of a variety of diseases
measuring physical activity31
Measuring Physical Activity
  • Direct measurement include: Observation Calorimetry Step counters Motion sensors
  • Field methods include: Self-report Diaries
a five level single response assessment of physical activity34
A five-level single-responseassessment of physical activity

These 3 groups do NOT meet the

Surgeon General’s guidelines for sufficient

physical activity for a health benefit

a five level single response assessment of physical activity35
A five-level single-responseassessment of physical activity

These 2 groups DO meet the

Surgeon General’s guidelines for sufficient

physical activity for a health benefit

crt reliability
CRT Reliability

How could you determine the

criterion-referenced reliability of the

5-level single response item?

1) Administer the question on TWO occasions.

2) Determine if the respondent meets or fails to

meet the Surgeon General’s guidelines on each


3) Develop a 2X2 table as illustrated in chapter 7.

a five level single response assessment of physical activity37
A five-level single-responseassessment of physical activity

Does NOT meet SG guidelines

DOES meet SG guidelines

a practical health related fitness battery
A Practical Health-Related Fitness Battery
  • Cardiovascular endurance Rockport 1-Mile Walk Test
  • Body composition BMI and Waist/Hip girth ratio
  • Abdominal power YMCA 1-minute sit-up test
  • Upper body strength and endurance Canadian Standardized test of fitness push- up test
  • Hamstring flexibility YMCA sit-and-reach test