Why Aid for Education to India?. Christopher Colclough and Anuradha De. Main question: in what ways and to what extent has aid influenced educational policy in India Methods: -Documentary sources -Interviews amongst government, aid community and NGOs The paper is Work in Progress.
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Why Aid for Education to India? Christopher Colclough and Anuradha De
Main question: in what ways and to what extent has aid influenced educational policy in India Methods: -Documentary sources -Interviews amongst government, aid community and NGOs The paper is Work in Progress
Changed Aid Intentions 1990-2000 Education, aid and Development – the shift to basics • Changing priorities in aid to education • Jomtien Conference 1990 • Aid promises not met by 2000 and resource gap increased • Millennium Conference and the MDGs
New Instruments and Modalities Aid Effectiveness – selectivity Paris Declaration Programme Aid – SWAPs -Budgetary Support
Aid to Education in India • Donor Interests -Poverty focus (Primary ed) -Effectiveness of spending -transparency -agreement on policy objectives • National Interests -resources -international best practice -monitoring systems -advocacy
Expenditure allocations for Elementary Education during different Plans (Rs. Crore) Source: Annual Financial Statistics, GOI, relevant years
Estimates of Foreign aid to Elementary Education in India (Rs. Crore) *Aid to CSS in EE: Bashir (2000), @aid to EE: Tilak (2008), **BE for edu projects in central Plan, expenditure budgets of GOI
Modalities • Phase 1: • Increasing Aid • Many Projects • Several Donors • DPEP
Distribution of Central Expenditure across Centrally Sponsored Schemes in Elementary Education (per cent) * domestic component of SSA
Modalities • Phase 2: • Decline in Aid • Shift from Project to Programme Support • Donors’ Changing Role
Summing Up • Impact of Donors on Policy • Why Aid? • What of the Future?
End Thank you