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Chapter 4. Sandwiches. Chapter 4 Objectives. Define various types of sandwiches Identify a number of international sandwiches Identify appropriate breads, spreads, fillings, and garnishes for sandwiches depending on the occasion Recognize the appropriate presentation style of sandwiches.

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Chapter 4

Chapter 4

Sandwiches


Chapter 4 objectives
Chapter 4 Objectives

  • Define various types of sandwiches

  • Identify a number of international sandwiches

  • Identify appropriate breads, spreads, fillings, and garnishes for sandwiches depending on the occasion

  • Recognize the appropriate presentation style of sandwiches


The naming of the sandwich
The Naming of the Sandwich

  • Named for the infamous gambler, John Montague, the Fourth Earl of Sandwich

  • According to legend, Montague would not leave the gaming tables because he did not want to break his winning streak

  • He asked that some bread filled with meat be brought to him

  • The rage for sandwiches begins


The sandwich manual
The Sandwich Manual

  • Louis P. De Gouy published Sandwich Manual for Professionals in 1940

  • He was a chef at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel

  • The book describes the assembly of hundreds of sandwiches organized into specific categories


Sandwiches
Sandwiches

  • The unifying theme of a sandwich is that it is a tasty filling served on bread or in a similar wrapper

  • Styles of sandwiches:

    • Cold sandwiches

    • Hot sandwiches, including grilled

    • Finger and tea sandwiches


Sandwich elements bread
Sandwich Elements: Bread

  • Characteristics of the bread and how they will fit in with the sandwich should be considered

  • Bread should be firm enough and thick enough to hold the filling but not so thick that the sandwich is too dry to enjoy

  • Most bread can be sliced in advance as long as they are covered to prevent drying

  • Some sandwiches call for toasted bread which should be done immediately before assembly


Sandwich elements bread1
Sandwich Elements: Bread

  • Bread choices include:

    • Pullman loaves of white, wheat, or rye

    • Peasant-style bread such as sourdough, baguettes, and other artisan breads

    • Flatbreads including foccacia, pita, ciabatta, and lavash

    • Rolls, including hard, soft, and Kaiser rolls

    • Wrappers such as crêpes, rice, and egg roll wrappers

    • Flour and corn tortillas


Sandwich elements spreads
Sandwich Elements: Spreads

  • Applied directly to the bread

  • Acts as barrier to keep bread from getting soggy

  • Adds moisture

  • Helps hold sandwich together as it is being held and eaten


Sandwich elements spreads1

Spread options include:

Mayonnaise (plain or flavored, such as aïoli or rouille) or creamy salad dressings

Plain or compound butters

Mustard or ketchup

Spreadable cheeses, such as ricotta, cream cheese, or mascarpone

Nut butters

Tahini, olive, or herb spreads (hummus, tapenade, or pesto, for example)

Jellies, jams, compotes, chutneys, or other fruit preserves

Mashed avocado or guacamole

Oils or vinaigrettes

Sandwich Elements: Spreads


Sandwich elements fillings
Sandwich Elements: Fillings

  • Fillings are the focus of the sandwich

  • May be cold or hot

  • May be substantial or minimal

  • Should determine how the other elements of the sandwich are selected and prepared


Sandwich elements fillings1
Sandwich Elements: Fillings

  • Choices for fillings include:

    • Sliced, roasted, or simmered meats (beef, corned beef, pastrami, turkey, ham, pâtés, and sausages)

    • Sliced cheeses

    • Grilled, roasted, or fresh vegetables

    • Grilled, pan-fried, or broiled burgers, sausages, fish, or poultry

    • Salads of meats, poultry, eggs, fish, or vegetables


Sandwich elements garnishes

Garnishes include:

Slices of cheese

Sliced tomato

Onion slices

Lettuces and sprouts

Green or side salads

Sliced fresh vegetables

Pickle spears or olives

Dips, spreads, or relishes

Sliced fruit

Sandwich Elements: Garnishes


Presentation styles
Presentation Styles

  • Closed sandwich: top and bottom slice of bread

  • Club sandwich: a closed sandwich with a third piece of bread

  • Open-faced sandwich: one piece of bread acting as a base

  • Finger and tea sandwich: cut into shapes using straight edges to get best yield, though some are cut into ovals, circles, and other special shapes


Sandwiches around the globe
Sandwiches Around the Globe

  • France

    • Croque Monsieur (grilled cheese with Gruyere, ham and mustard)

    • Croque Madame (Croque Monsieur with an egg)

    • Tartines (open-faced sandwiches)

  • Italy

    • Crostini or crostone (open-faced)

    • Panini (closed-faced and grilled)

    • Tremezzini (tea sandwich)


Sandwiches around the globe1
Sandwiches Around the Globe

  • Germany

    • Pumpernickel filled with regional cured meats and sausages

  • Spain

    • Montadito (a canapé or crostini)

  • Vietnam

    • Bahn Saigon (French baguette with cinnamon pâté and green papaya salad as filling)


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