What Is Diabetes ? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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What Is Diabetes ?

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  1. What Is Diabetes ?

  2. Diabetes Mellitus - An Insight Diabetes mellitus is a disorder characterized by increased blood sugar (hyperglycemia) due to defective insulin secretion, insulin action or both.

  3. Types of Diabetes Type 1 diabetes:-No Insulin present at all. Happens often during childhood. Usually below 30 years of age. Also called as Juvenile Diabetes. The cells responsible for making Insulin are absent

  4. Types of Diabetes Type 2 diabetes:-Not enough insulin OR Insulin doesn’t work (Insulin resistance) Happens usually above 30 Years of age, also known as Adult Onset Diabetes. Insulin resistance

  5. Symptoms for Type 2 Diabetes

  6. Complications of Diabetes

  7. What Is Insulin ?

  8. Insulin Insulin is a substance that controls the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood.

  9. Insulin If there isn’t enough insulin or if it doesn’t have the proper effect, the level of glucose in the blood increases and this can have harmful effects. Target for Diabetic patients PPBG : < 180 mg/dl FBG : 90 - 130 mg/dl

  10. The Controls Diet Exercise Foot Care

  11. Diet Control • Limit your food intake during each meal or snack • Divide your food intake into 3 evenly spaced meals with a small healthy snack between meals ,if needed

  12. Diet Control • Don’t skip meals • Eat fibre rich foods such as fruits, vegetables, grains and beans • Limit the amount of fat , sugar and salt in your meal

  13. Diet Control Points to be taken into consideration while planning the diet • Avoid roots and tubers e.g. potato, sweet- potato, but carrot and radish can be consumed. • Avoid sugar, glucose, jams, honey, sweets, nuts, Horlicks,Bournvita etc. DO NOT EAT US..WE ARE NOT GOOD FOR YOU Choose me

  14. Diet Control • Avoid fried food. • Include salads but avoid salad dressing with fat • Include plenty of green leafy vegetables.

  15. Diet Control • Quantity of oil should be restricted • Dietary exchanges should be taken into consideration consume very less oil

  16. Diet Control • Include food rich in fibre • Avoid fruits such as mango, banana, chickoo, custard apple etc

  17. Exercise

  18. Exercise Losing weight can be: Difficult & Frustrating

  19. Exercise But it is POSSIBLE to : Lose weight & Sustain weight loss

  20. Exercise Physical activity is an important part of Diabetes Management

  21. Exercise Exercise can: • Boost your metabolism • Increase muscle mass, so you burn more calories • Help improve the body’s response to insulin and naturally lowering glucose by burning extra calories.

  22. Exercise • You need to exercise daily or at least five times a week • The exercise duration should for 45 to 55 minutes at a time The facts: For people having diabetes

  23. Exercise • Since the muscles that use glucose appropriately are the long, thin muscles, you need to develop these muscles • This requires exercise that is low-resistance and high-frequency such as walking

  24. Exercise With a daily low-resistance, high-frequency exercise program lasting 45 to 55 minutes, blood glucose control for diabetes patients improves and stabilizes, even before weight loss is achieved.

  25. Exercise Exercise has no long-term effect on glucose. Within 24 to 48 hours of cessation, the beneficial effects on diabetes and its control are lost. Therefore, exercise is a life-long commitment

  26. Exercise Top Ten Benefits of Being Active • Improves Blood Glucose Management • Lowers Blood Pressure • Improves Blood Fats • Lesser intake of Insulin or Diabetes Pills

  27. Exercise • Lose weight and sustain it • Lower risk of other health problems • Gain more energy and sleep better

  28. Exercise • Relieves stress • Builds stronger bones and muscles • Enhances flexibility

  29. Foot Care

  30. Foot Care Check your Feet Every Day!

  31. Foot Care • Foot problems can literally develop overnight • It is essential to check your feet daily

  32. Foot Care Check your feet daily for the following : • Cuts, blisters or sores • Change in temperature (hot or cold) • Change in colour (pale, red, blue)

  33. Foot Care • Swelling • Pain • Dry, cracking skin • Sweaty skin

  34. Foot Care • Athletes foot or other rashes • Signs and symptoms of infection • Corns and calluses

  35. Foot Care How to take care of your feet ?

  36. Foot Care • Look at your feet every day. Make sure there are no cuts or red areas • Use a mirror to see the bottom of your feet • Don’t soak your feet. Wash them well with mild soap and water every day

  37. Foot Care • Dry them very well, including in between the toes • Don’t walk barefoot

  38. Foot Care • Wear shoes that fit well • Buy socks designed to keep your feet comfortable • Use lotion on your feet, but not between the toes

  39. Foot Care Meet your Foot doctor • Do not cut your toenails. File them instead, or have them trimmed by a foot doctor • If you have poor circulation, nerve damage, or very thick toenails, see a foot doctor regularly • Also see a foot doctor, if you have corns, calluses, or bunions

  40. Foot Care • If you do get a cut or scratch, address it right away • Wash with mild soap and warm water • Use a mild ointment • Cover with gauze and paper tape or a fabric bandage Make sure to change this often

  41. Foot Care If the affected area does not heal OR Gets red OR Has any drainage Call your healthcare provider right away